Promiscuous or improper sex is one of the main causes of sexually transmitted diseases. So what does the diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases include and where should these tests be done?
1. What is sexually transmitted disease?
Sexually transmitted diseases are caused by parasites and microorganisms that live on the skin or live in body discharge such as urethra, vaginal discharge, blood,…
A person can become infected with sexually transmitted diseases when exposed to the blood, body or skin of a person who has the disease. These microorganisms can penetrate the body through cuts, sores on the skin or through the mouth, anus, vagina. Because of its ability to be contagious, it is extremely necessary to do tests to diagnose sexually transmitted diseases so that timely treatment can be detected and taken.
2. Where is sexually transmitted disease?
There are 4 main causes of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases. Specifically:
2.1 Caused by viruses
For sexually transmitted viral diseases, it is not possible to completely treat it, but it can only be controlled to a certain extent because the virus, once infected, will follow the patient for the rest of his life. Some common sexually transmitted diseases caused by the virus are:
- Hepatitis B
- HPV – the cause of rooster crests, genital warts, even cervical cancer.
2.2 Bacterial causes
Sexually transmitted bacterial diseases can conduct treatment and are often prescribed antibiotics. Examples include:
2.3 Caused by fungi
Of the sexually transmitted diseases that arise from fungi, candidiasis albican is the most common. This disease not only causes genital damage, but can also cause damage to the mouth, skin, blood.
Pubic lice and scabies are two of the sexually transmitted diseases caused by parasites. However, this form of the disease is not so dangerous and can be treated completely easily.
3. Some symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases
Depending on the cause of the disease, sexually transmitted diseases will have different symptoms and manifestations. Besides, there are also many cases where the carrier is unaware because there are no obvious symptoms, leading to an increased risk of infection to others. Patients can refer to some common symptoms below, including:
- Abnormal vaginal or penis appearance of abnormal epidemics
- The genitals or anus have redness, itching, warts or even abnormal sores
- Urinate more than usual, urinate,…
- Women who are not menstruating but often have abdominal pain
Based on the above symptoms, patients can go to reputable medical facilities to check if they have a sexually transmitted disease.
In addition, a diagnostic test for sexually transmitted diseases is also recommended for women who intend to become pregnant, who are pregnant, or who have had an unsafe relationship with a person with a sexually transmitted disease.
4. What is the diagnostic test for sexually transmitted diseases?
When conducting a diagnostic test for sexually transmitted diseases, it is common for the patient to be prescribed the following types of tests:
- First of all, a general examination at the Internal Medicine department
- PCR test for gonorrhea diagnosis
- PCR screening for Chlamydia
- VDRL/TPHA diagnostic test for syphilis
- Hepatitis B Test
- Mycoplasma urogenital test
- P24 antibody/antigen test for HIV diagnosis
5. What should be noted for a diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases?
In order to perform a safe test and give a high accuracy result, before conducting a test to diagnose a sexually transmitted disease, the patient should note a number of things as follows:
- Do not rinse your genitals or have intercourse for at least 24 hours.
- For women who are in the menstrual cycle or have vaginal bleeding, this test is not allowed.
- Record all the symptoms you experience to report them to your doctor during your visit.
- Notify your doctor about medications or functional foods currently in use
- Carefully refer to the rules or things to avoid before visiting the clinic or get information from your doctor during your visit
6. Reputable address for testing for diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases
As mentioned above, there are many sexually transmitted diseases with no obvious symptoms so if not detected for timely treatment can lead to chronic pain, infertility and even death. Therefore, the selection of reputable medical facilities for diagnostic tests of sexually transmitted diseases as soon as necessary, is recommended.
The Social Diseases Screening Package of Share99 International Health Hub helps customers screen for social diseases to detect diseases early for effective treatment and avoid complications.
Screening package for social diseases for all ages, for both men and women. When applying for a Social Disease Screening Package, customers will be:
- Dermatology Examination
- Perform tests such as: rapid HIV Ab test, Chlamydia rapid test, Treponema pallidum rapid test, treponema pallidum TPHA test, soi staining bacteria test and microfungal screening test
For direct advice, please click hotline number or register online HERE. In addition, you can register for remote consultation HERE
Để được bác sĩ gọi điện tư vấn miễn phí về xét nghiệm, hãy để lại thông tin của bạn vào form dưới đây:
Nơi sinh sống
Hồ Chí Minh
Ho Chi Minh City
- Is chlamydia dangerous?
- Signs of adult haemorrhagic fever
- Common types of molecular biology tests