The article was consulted professionally by Specialist Ii Huynh Thi Hien – Obstetrician and Gynecologist – Obstetrics and Gynecology Department – Share99 Nha Trang International Health Hub. Dr. Huynh Thi Hien has more than 32 years of expertise in examination and treatment in the field of obstetrics and gynecology.
HPV is a virus that causes human papilloma. The virus causes sexually ill diseases with more than 6 million Americans infected each year. Vaccines are available to protect the body from certain HPV-related cancers
1. What does HPV mean?
It is a virus that causes papilloma in humans called HPV for short. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the world today. There are many cases when you have HPV virus in your life without any signs or symptoms. HPV is considered the leading cause of Sexually transmitted infections (STIs). There are many different HPV viruses.
Depending on the strain of the virus that causes the disease, it is possible to get the virus without any signs or symptoms, it can also suffer from incurable diseases such as cervical cancer
2. What kind of HPV is HPV?
3.1 Women do not need to feel ashamed if they are infected with HPV virus
Anyone who has ever had sex can be exposed to HPV virus . Raising awareness can help you make choices and know that you have the right to choose safe sex measures.
3.2 Certain types of HPV are associated with cervical disease
While more than 100 types of HPV exist, only about a handful of them are associated with cervical disease. In which HPV 16 and HPV 18 account for more than 70% of all cervical diseases.
Genital warts are a form of low-risk HPV and they do not cause cancer. Doctors monitor hpv with Pap tests looking for abnormal cervical cells, low-level lesions – where the changes are only mild abnormalities – often self-help.
3.3 HPV Very rarely becomes cervical cancer
Although HPV causes cervical cancer, the risk of developing viral cervical cancer is still quite low. For 90% of women infected with the virus, the condition will run out on its own within 2 years. Only a handful of women who have one of the HPV strains that cause cervical cancer will actually develop the disease.
Therefore, if you are infected with the virus, you need to pay attention to health problems but should not be too worried about this issue, avoid affecting the psychology, negatively impact yourself.
3.4 HPV also causes head and neck cancer
HPV spreads to the throat through high-rate oral sex, most people with this disease are heterosexual males. There is currently no way to screen it.
3.5 HPV vaccine to prevent cancer
At least 20% of cancers in humans are caused by a specific infection. It is possible to prevent or treat the disease by helping the immune system recognize the infection. After performing your immune system, your body has triumphed over disease.
HPV vaccination is essential for the prevention of cervical cancer. However, parents also need to be aware of sexual infection prevention measures. At the same time, each sister after having sex, every year should go to screening, gynecologic screening to detect pre-cancerous lesions early.
Article reference source: hopkinsmedicine.org
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