Screening tests are the initial basis for determining the risk of disease in healthy people, especially women. Therefore, proper screening in women will help prevent diseases and can be promptly intervened and treated effectively if the disease is detected.
1. Screening test roles for women
Screening tests are a way of identifying healthy people who may increase their risk of specific illnesses. It is an early examination that can help prevent diseases such as cancer , diabetesand osteoporosis in the first place, and when the disease is detected early is also easier to treat. Besides, screening tests can detect the disease even before symptoms of the disease.
Screening tests or health checks are recommended for everyone throughout life as an important part of health care and prevention.
2. Screening tests in women
2.1. Breast cancer
The earlier breast cancer is detected, the better the chances of curing it. Small-sized breast cancer is less likely to spread to lymph nodes and important agencies such as the lungs and brain. If you are in your 20s or 30s, some experts recommend that you perform breast screening as part of a health check-up periodically. In the event that there may be any additional risk factors, you need to check more often.
- Breast cancer screening test with X-ray
Mammograms are with low-dose X-rays that can often find a tumor before you feel it. Although, the results are normal, it is impossible to completely eliminate the risk of cancer. Some experts advise that women in their 40s should have annual mammograms. Then, in the 50s to 70s, you can switch to the test at least once a year. Of course, in case of a higher risk, the doctor will require a more frequent examination.
2.2. Cervical cancer
The cervical passage is a narrow passage between the uterus (where the fetus develops) and the vagina (birth tube). Cervical cancer is a disease that can be easily prevented. Your doctor may use a Pap (smear lens) test or an HPV test to screen for cervical cancer. Pap tests can be found in abnormal cells on the cervical and at the same time removed before they turn into cancer.
The main cause of cervical cancer is Human Papillomavirus (HPV).
During the Pap test, the doctor removes some cells from the cervical and sends them to the laboratory for analysis. Your doctor will talk to you when you need a test in combination with HPV as well as how often it should be checked. If sexual activity is at risk for the disease, you need to be tested for a vagina for gonorrhea.
2.3. Osteoporosis and fractures
Osteoporosis is a state when a person has weak and fragile bones. After menopause, women begin to lose more bone mass. However, men are also inevitable about this condition. The first symptom is usually a pain of falling, colliding and sudden positional changes. To prevent osteoporosis, early treatment is required. Osteoporosis screeningtest: Using a special X-ray called dual energy X-ray absorption (DEXA) can measure bone strength and find osteoporosis before the bones are pitted. It can also help predict the risk of bone weakness in the future. Screening in this woman is recommended for all women aged 65 years and older. If you have risk factors for osteoporosis, you need to start earlier than osteoporosis screening tests
2.4. Skin cancer screening
There are several types of skin cancer that need early treatment to give better results. The most dangerous is melanoma, which affects cells that give skin color. Sometimes, everyone is at risk with this type of skin cancer and the disease has an increased risk of being exposed to too much sun.
Skin cancer screening: Monitor for any changes in the skin's signs including moles and freckles. Changes in shape, color and size should be noticed. Some experts recommend that you also go for a skin examination by dermatologists to be able to find out the specific cause.
2.5. High blood pressure
As you age, the risk of high blood pressure increases, especially if you are obese or have some bad health habits. High blood pressure can cause life-threatening heart attacks or strokes without any warning. So, see a doctor for advice and control of the disease. Hypotension can prevent long-term dangers such as heart disease and kidney failure.
High cholesterol can cause plaque to clog arteries. This plaque can accumulate for years without symptoms and will eventually cause heart attacks or strokes. High blood pressure, diabetes and smoking can also cause these plaques. This condition is called arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis. Lifestyle changes and not using tobacco can reduce the risk of disease
Cholesterol test: To check cholesterol may require fasting for 9-12 hours. After that, you will do a blood test that measures total cholesterol, LDL- cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides (blood fats). The doctor will advise when to start and how often to check.
2.7. Type 2 diabetes
Diabetes can cause heart or kidney diseases, strokes, blindness due to retinal vascular damage and other serious problems. You can control diabetes with diet, exercise, weight loss and medication, especially when the disease is detected early. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease. Type 1 diabetes is often diagnosed in children or young people.
Diabetes screening: You need to fast for 8 hours or longer before doing a blood test for diabetes. Blood sugar levels of 100-125 can be seen in pre-diabetes cases, while blood sugar levels with 126 or higher mean diabetes. Other tests for the diagnosis of diabetes are the A1c test and the oral glucose tolerance test. Your doctor will advise you on when to start and how often to check for blood glucose indicators. If you feel at high risk or have a family history of diabetes, speak to your doctor so you can get more detailed advice.
2.8. Colorectal cancer
Colorectal cancer is a common cause of death after lung cancer. Most colorectal cancers come from polyps (abnormal blocks) that develop on the inner lining of the large intestine. Polyps can be carcinogenic tumors or not. If it does, the cancer can spread to other parts of the body. Early removal of polyps, before they become cancerous is quite possible and prevents the disease.
Colorectal cancer screening: Colorectal endoscopy is a common screening test for colorectal cancer. The doctor will use a flexible small tube that is attached to the tube head so that polyps can be found and removed. This screening process is generally recommended for those starting at the age of 50.
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Source: webmd.com, raffleshealth.com, health.harvard.edu
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