Why can myocardial infarction occur in young people?

The article was consulted professionally by Specialist Doctor II Le Dang Van – General Internal Medicine Doctor – Department of Medical Examination and Internal Medicine – Share99 Hai Phong International Health Hub.

Acute myocardial infarction is often mentioned a lot in the elderly, but that does not mean that acute myocardial infarction does not occur in young people. In fact this pathology can occur at any age. So where is myocardial infarction in young people?

1. Causes of myocardial infarction in young people

For the elderly, the main cause of myocardial infarction is atherosclerosis that takes place for many years. For young people under 40 years old, mainly due to thrombosis in the arteries due to stress, obesity, tobacco addiction for many years.

In the elderly, atherosclerosis occurs slowly, causing the heart muscle to have a certain adaptation to anemia. For young people, the arterial heart is very clean and slippery suddenly appears thrombosis that clogs the blood vessels that feed the heart muscle. Myocardial muscles in young people themselves have never experienced anemia as gradually as the elderly, so they cannot adapt in time and the heart muscle is necrosis quickly. Young people often subjectively do not think they have the disease, so it is more likely to be life-threatening.

2. Mortality from myocardial infarction in young people

According to estimates by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), mortality from acute myocardial infarction at ages is:

  • Children under 1 year old: less than 0.2/100,000
  • People 15 – 24 years old: 0.2/100,000
  • Adults 25 – 34 years old: 1.4/100,000
  • Adults 65 – 74 years old: 262/100,000

3. Causes of myocardial infarction in children

Why can myocardial infarction occur in young people?

Causes of myocardial infarction

We find that acute myocardial infarction can be seen at any age but in children it is rare. For adults, myocardial infarction is a contracted coronary artery disease, due to the accumulation of risks in life that form atherosclerosis plaques that cause coronary spasms or thrombosis. But children are not like that, the most common cause is coronary artery abnormalities or acute inflammation of the coronary arteries.

When the coronary artery is narrowed, it leads to myocardial mass nourishing anemia. Anemia will release cytokines of the inflammatory response and kill cells. The final consequence is arrhythmias or a tachycardia, which leads to a fibrillation or a slow rhythm that causes cardiac arrest. This leads to peripheral loss of veins and vascular dismemorosis in children.

4. How to prevent myocardial infarction in young people?

To prevent myocardial infarction in young people effectively, it is important to eliminate risk factors. Some of the following changes can help us have a healthier heart:

  • Do not smoke: This is the best way to maintain health and prevent myocardial infarction, lung cancer and many other dangerous diseases;
  • Keep your weight at the right level: Weight gain will entail an increase in blood cholesterol levels, causing many dangerous diseases, especially myocardial infarction. Therefore, it is important to keep the weight at the appropriate level. If you are overweight, plan to lose weight to have a healthy heart, prevent myocardial infarction and many other diseases;
  • Proper nutrition is a way to prevent myocardial infarction. Blood fat usually tends to increase with advanced age. A low-fat diet and low cholesterol content will help prevent this process. It is necessary to control the type of food and the amount of food on a daily day, choose how to prepare foods with little or no fat such as boiled, blanched, steamed … limit the use of fritters. Do not eat animal organs such as liver, brain, kidneys, heart … It is recommended to eat a lot of vegetables, fruits.
  • Regular exercise can help prevent myocardial infarction. Try to exercise 3- 4 times a week, every 30-60 minutes. When in middle age or the elderly and have heart disease or a certain pathology it is necessary to consult a doctor before training;
  • Practice gentle sports such as walking, running slowly, cycling, swimming … for patients in weak condition, by method: practice for 30 seconds to a few minutes and then take a break equal to or twice as long as the training time, continue to repeat until the total training time is less than 40 minutes, until the fitness is strengthened can last longer than the training time;
  • Avoid stress that harms the heart or increases the risk of many other diseases. Relax while working and also on holidays. This is a good way to prevent myocardial infarction;
  • Limit drinking: Drinking too much alcohol can increase blood pressure, gain weight, increase blood triglycerides and cause arrhythmias, leading to myocardial infarction;
  • Regular health check-up: very important, especially for people with risk factors such as hypertension, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, family history of people with myocardial infarction.

Why can myocardial infarction occur in young people?

How to prevent myocardial infarction in young people?

Cardiovascular Screening Package – Basic Cardiovascular Examination package of Share99 International Health Hub helps to detect cardiovascular problems early through tests and modern imaging methods. The examination package for all ages, genders and especially will be essential for people at risk of cardiovascular disease.

Specialist Doctor II Le Dang Van has more than 20 years of experience in the field of internal medicine. Especially experienced in cardiovascular specialty and high pressure oxygen treatment. Currently a doctor of General Internal Medicine Department of Share99 Hai Phong International Health Hub.

For direct advice, please click hotline number or register online HERE. In addition, you can register for remote consultation HERE

SEE MORE:

  • Emergency acute myocardial infarction
  • Signs of myocardial infarction you need to know
  • What role does coronary arteries play in the body?

About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of Share99.net. I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.

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