Article by Master, Dr Bui Minh Duc – General Internal Medicine Department – Share99 Times City International Health Hub
Thyroid bloths are solid or fluid-filled bloths that form in the thyroid gland, a small gland located on the background of the neck, just above your sternum. Most thyroid servants are not dangerous and do not cause symptoms. Only a small percentage of thyroid characters are cancerous mates.
1. Circumstances of detection of a thyroid worker
The circumstances of detection of thyroid humanss can occur in many cases, the person has no symptoms, the doctor discovers the thyroid ingthyroid during a routine medical examination, or the doctor may detect the thyroid ingthyroid during the scan performed for other health reasons. However, some thyroid cation may become large enough to be visible or cause difficulty swallowing or breathing.
Treatment options depend on the type of thyroid dependence in the person.
2. Symptoms of thyroid humps
Most thyroid characters have no signs or symptoms, but with larger thyroid characters, they can:
- Make the patient feel armored
- See thyroid humps, usually with humps in front of your neck
- Compression of the ina or estuator, causing shortness of breath or difficulty swallowing
In some cases, thyroid characters produce excess thyroxine – a thyroid hormone secreted. Excess thyroxine can cause symptoms ofyroidism, such as:
- Unexplained weight loss
- Increased sweating
- Hand tremor
- Tachycardia or irregularity
Only a small number of thyroid characters are cancerous, but determining which thyroid 6th person is cancer cannot be done by evaluatiy symptoms in the person. Most thyroid cancer patients develop slowly and are young when the doctor discovers them. Rarely invasive thyroid cancer with dysthyroidism can be large, firm, fixed and fast growing.
3. When to see a doctor?
Although most thyroid cation is healing and does not cause any problems, the person should ask the doctor to assess any abnormalities in his neck, especially if it is difficult to breathe or swallow. It is important to assess the possibility that a thyroid hump is a cancerous patient..
It is necessary to go to the doctor if developing signs and symptoms of hethyroidism, such as:
- Lose weight suddenly even though you eat normally or eat up
- Chest drum suspense
- Difficulty sleeping
- Muscle weakness
- Anxiety or irritability
It is also necessary to go to the doctor if there are signs and symptoms of insyroidism, including:
- Feeling afraid of cold
- Feeling tired
- Dry skin
- Memory problems
4. Causes of thyroid tumors
There are several causes that cause the hump to develop in the thyroid gland, including:
- Excessive development of normal thyroid tissue, called thyroid tumor. It is unclear exactly why the armor tissue is growing, but it is not cancerous and does not have serious consequences unless the size of the protagonist is too large, causing pinching.
- Some thyroid tumors cause strengthening.
- Thyroid cyst, which is a cavity filled with fluid (cysts) in the thyroid gland most commonly due to thyroid tumor degeneration. Most often, the composition is thick mixed with the fluid in the thyroid cyst. Cysts are usually non-cancerous, but sometimes they contain parts of dense tissue that can be cancerous.
- Chronic thyroiditis: Hashimoto's disease, a thyroid disorder, can cause thyroiditis and the formation of large dysenteroids. Often accompanied by insyroidism.
- Thyroid polyps: The term goiter is used to describe an increase in the size of the thyroid gland, which can be caused by iodine deficiency or other disorders of the thyroid gland. Polythyroid goiter consists of many separate thyroid masses, but its cause is unknown.
- Thyroid cancer: A thyroid tumor is less likely to be cancerous. However, a large and hard or painful or unpleasant fulness is more worrying, which should be examined by a doctor. Some factors increase the risk of thyroid cancer, such as a family history of thyroid cancer or other end endemancular disease and a history of radiation exposure from medical therapy or from nuclear fallout.
- Iodine deficiency: Iodine deficiency in your diet can sometimes cause your thyroid gland to develop into a thyroid ences. But iodine deficiency is not common in many countries, where iodine is regularly added to table salt and other foods.
5. Thyroid tumor complications
Complications associated with a thyroid hump include:
- Difficulty swallowing or shortness of breath: Large cations or polynthings can interfere with swallowing or breathing.
- Armor: Occurs when a thyroid or thyroid line produces thyroid hormones, which leads to armor strength, causes weight loss, muscle weakness, fear of heat and anxiety, agitation.
- Potential complications of condhythyroidism include arrhythmias, acute thyroid intoxication, a rare but potentially life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention.
- Regarding thyroid tumor surgery: If the doctor prescribes surgery to remove a thyroid ingthyroid, the person may need lifelong thyroid hormone replacement treatment.
6. Diagnosis of thyroid nhan
When evaluatiing a thyroid protagonist, one of the main goals of a doctor is to exclude the possibility of cancer. But the doctor will also evaluate thyroid activity through tests including:
- Physical examination: Your doctor may ask the patient to swallow during a thyroid test to assess thyroid mobility.
- The doctor will also look for signs and symptoms of strengthening, such as tremors, increased reflexes, tachycardia or irregularity. The doctor will also check for signs and symptoms of insyroidism, such as bradycardia, dry skin and facial edema.
- Thyroid function tests: Tests that measure the levels of TSH hormones in the blood and thyroid hormones can tell if you have an overthyroidism or thyroid failure.
- Ultrasound: This image technique uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the patient's thyroid gland. Ultrasound of the thyroid gland provides the best information about the shape and structure of the thyroid characters. Doctors can use it to distinguish cysts from specialty agents or to determine if there are multiple culgings. Doctors can also use it as a guide in performing thyroid provoking with a small needle.
- Needle thyroid lumbar puncture: Thyroid 6th individuals are often made of neurons to ensure there is no cancer. Throughout the process, the doctor will insert a very thin needle into the nodules and remove a cell sample. The procedure is usually carried out at the procedure room, which takes about 20 minutes and is less risky. Most often, the doctor will use ultrasound to help guide the position of the needle. Your doctor then sends the samples to the laboratory to analyze them under a microscope.
- Thyroid radioactivity: The doctor can perform thyroid radioactivity to help assess thyroid flexes. In this test, an isorm of radioactive iodine is introduced into the patient's body. The sick person then lies on the table while a special camera creates an image of his thyroid gland on a computer screen. Thyroid hormone secretion estheny – known as hot 6ths – appear on scans because they occupy more issy than normal thyroid tissue. The hot characterss are almost always cancer-not cancer-no. In some cases, the seized characterss are less is an is an ise – called the cold ion. Cancer causes are usually cold causess. However, thyroid scans cannot distinguish between cold characters that are cancerous and those that are not cancerous.
7. Treatment of thyroid 6thyroidism
Treatment depends on the type of thyroid tumor the person has.
7.1 Treatment of benign 6th individuals
If a thyroid ingthyroid is not cancerous, treatment options include:
- Follow-up periodically: If the neurons show that the person has a non-cancerous thyroid tumor, the doctor may recommend just monitoring. This monitoring includes regular physical examination and examination of thyroid function, it may also include ultrasound. Patients are also likely to have to re-make armored spores if the ion grows larger. If a benign thyroid tumor does not change, the person may never need treatment.
- Thyroid hormone treatment: If the test of the thyroid function of the person finds that the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones, the doctor may recommend treatment with thyroid hormones.
- Surgery: A non-cancerous thyroid dysthyroidism may sometimes require surgery if it is too large to make it difficult to breathe or difficult to swallow. Doctors may also consider surgery for people with large polyps, especially when the tumor squeezes the airways, veins or blood vessels. Mates diagnosed as unknown or suspected on a stem cell test also require surgical removal and they can be bioseded to check for signs of cancer.
7.2 Treatment of the 6th causes of armor
If an armored ingthyroid causes excess thyroid hormones (armor strengthening), the doctor may recommend the treatment of superthyroidism. This treatment may include:
- Radioactive iodine: Use radioactive iodine to treat armor. Used in the form of capsules or in liquid form, radioactive iodine is absorbed by your thyroid gland. This treatment reduces the size of thyroid spinathyroidism and the signs and symptoms of strengthening gradually decrease, usually within two to three months.
- Synthetic antithyroidism: In some cases, the doctor may take an antithyroid drug such as methimazole (Tapazole) to relieve the symptoms of hethyroidism. Treatment is generally long-term and may have side effects such as increased liver enzymes, granal leukocymosis, so it is important to discuss the risks and benefits of treatment with a doctor.
- Surgery: If no radioactive iodine or antithyroid medication is in place, the patient may be operated on to remove overactive thyroid mates. The patient will likely discuss the risks of surgery with a doctor.
7.3 Treatment of cancer patients
Treatment for a thyroid patient is cancer is surgical.
- Follow-up: Very small cancers have a low risk of developing, so it is possible that the doctor closely monitors the cancer patients before treatment. This decision is usually made by an expert in the thyroid gland. Close monitoring includes monitoring ultrasound and performing blood tests.
- Surgery: A common treatment for cancer patients is surgical removal. Previously, standard treatment was the removal of the majority of thyroid tissue – known as almost complete thyroid cutting. However, today it is possible that more limited surgery is possible to cut off the thyroid part for some cancerous causes. Near-total thyroidecting can be used depending on the degree of the disease. Risks of thyroid surgery include reverse nerve damage that controls the sound cords and damage to the hypothyroid gland (four small glands located at the back of the thyroid gland that function to moderate calcium conversion). After the surgery to remove the entire thyroid gland, the person will need lifelong treatment with levothyroxin to provide your body with thyroid hormones. Thyroid specialists will help determine the exact amount to take because it may require more hormone replacement to control cancer risk.
- Alcohol injection: Another option to control small cancerous individuals is alcohol injections. This technique injects absolute alcohol into the cancerous thyroid bicide to destroy it. Multiple rounds of treatment are often required.
The screening package for thyroid diseases of Share99 International Health Hub helps: Check thyroid function. Screening & early detection of common thyroid diseases such as: mere goiter, thyroidism, thyroid failure, thyroiditis, thyroid encephalitis, thyroid cancer, … from there, take appropriate and timely treatment.
For advice and registration, you can contact Share99 hospitals and clinics nationwide HERE.
- Common thyroid diseases
- Where is the thyroid gland located and what functions?
- There are 10 signs, think of thyroid disease immediately
- Thyroid nhans form quietly, difficult to detect
- Can malignant thyroid tumours treat definitively?
- Treatment of thyroid tumors at Share99