Currently, vaccinating children against tuberculosis is extremely necessary. In order to achieve the highest efficiency, it is recommended to vaccinate the child with tuberculosis as soon as possible. BCG vaccine is in order to be given to the child within 30 days after birth, only one dose is given, without repeated injections.
1. BCG 1mg/1ml Vaccine Summary Information
BCG 1mg/1ml vaccine from the Institute of Vaccines and Medical Bio-products, manufactured in Vietnam, this is a live vialytic vaccine produced from the TB calmette – Guérin strain, which prevents tuberculosis, is granted a registration certificate for circulation in Vietnam under decision No. 111/QD-QLD, 23/07/2017 by the Drug Administration – Ministry of Health.
2. Packing size
Box of 20 amps x 10 doses (0.5mg) with 1 box of 20 0.9% sodium chloride x 1ml
3. Form of diet
BCG 1mg/1ml vaccine is in place to create active immunity against tuberculosis in children.
5. Dosage and how to take it
- 1mg/1ml BCG vaccination in the skin on the outer side above the left arm or shoulder.
- Be careful when opening the BCG 1mg/1ml vaccine tube, avoiding the drug from poping out.
How to use and how to use it
- When vaccinating BCG 1mg/1ml, separate pumps and needles must be used, ensuring er80% bies.
- Gently shake the vaccine jar to dissolve the dry frozen tablets.
- For children under 1 year of age: Mix 1 ml of isothopymous saline into each tube with 0.5 mg bcg shaken to dissolve evenly. Injection in the skin of 0.1 ml (as such there will be 0.05 mg of BCG).
- For children over 1 year old: Mix 0.5 ml of isothopymous saline into each tube with 0.5 mg bcg shaken to dissolve evenly. Intracutaneous injection of 0.1 ml (as such there will be 0.1 mg of BCG).
- After making the vaccine, it must be preserved at a temperature of +2 – +80C, the vaccine after mixing should not exceed 6 hours.
- Healthcare workers should check the health of the child before vaccination, contraining the BCG 1mg/1ml vaccination for cases of TB infection.
- Consider when vaccinating children with purulent dermatitis, fever above 37.5 degrees, digestive disorders, malnutrition and diseases that affect the child's condition such as otitis throat, jaundice, pneumonia…
- Do not vaccinate BCG 1mg/1ml under the skin because it can create cold acne wraps and the injection site will leave scars that shrink.
- Contrain to vaccinate BCG 1mg/1ml for HIV-infected people.
- Contraincular vaccination of BCG 1mg/1ml for cases of malignancy such as acute leukemia, lymphoma, tumors of the inter-retina-endoratary system, radiation or drug-in-person, people with immunodebilitation due to the disease.
7. Use with caution
- Do not use the long overdue or sticky, moist BCG 1mg/1ml vaccine.
- It is necessary to get the correct 1mg/1ml BCG vaccine in the skin and use a separate needle pump for BCG vaccination.
- After vaccination of BCG 1mg/1ml vaccine if there are signs of general BCG infection, inflammation or swelling of the peripheral purulent lymph nodes, BCG infection should be treated as prescribed by a specialist.
- BCG 1mg/1ml overdose is not recommended. It is necessary to inform the doctor of the undesirable effects encountered when using the drug
- For pregnant women: There is still no data on whether the vaccine can be harmful to the fetus when given to a pregnant person or has an impact on fertility. For pregnant women, vaccines should only be used when absolutely necessary.
- Lactation period: Until now, there has been no data on this issue.
8. Undesirable effects
- Local reactions: Mild lymphadenopathy, local anesthetic, usually appears 24 hours after vaccination and within 1-3 days and then runs out on its own without any interventional treatment.
- Usually immediately after the BCG 1mg/1ml vaccination, the child will appear a small note at the injection site and disappear after 30 minutes. After about 2 weeks, there will appear a small red ulcer and then the ulcer heals itself leaving a small scar about 5mm. This proves that the child already has immunity.
- Rare reactions: Pulpitis, full-body BCG infection, purulent lymphadenitis.
9. Shelf life
- Store vaccines at temperatures between 2-8°C
- Avoid sunlight
- Keep out of reach of children
- Shelf life is 30 months from the date of manufacture, not used after the shelf life in written on the jar.
If you have abnormal symptoms, you should be examined and consulted with a specialist.
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According to the information approved by the Drug Administration of Vietnam on July 23, 2017.
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