Daily contraceptive pills are one of the most common contraceptives, trusted by many women due to their convenience and high likelihood of contraception. However, this method still has certain risks, depending on the state of health of each person, especially when using the drug daily for a long time.
1. What are contraceptive pills?
Oral contraceptive is an endocular contraceptivemethod , which works by preventing ovulation, or contenting cervical node fluid to combat passing sperm and reducing the movement of sperm in the fallopian tubes.
Previously, for contraception, women had only one choice of contraceptive pills, with the course: Daily hormonal pills, taken within 21 days, then taken a placebo for 7 days. During the placebo week, you'll have menstruation.
Today, contraceptive pills are much more diverse, including those with a combination of 4 days of placebo and those that do not combine placebo. Although convenient, the contraceptive pill also has a few side effects.
2. Types of oral contraceptives
Oral contraceptive tablets include the hormone-only contraceptive pill progestin (also known as minipill) and the combined endococene contraceptive pill.
The contraceptive pill contains only progestin that works by increasing the secretion of nodding around the cervical and thinning the lining of the uterus. When the substances around the cervical are thick enough, sperm will have difficulty accessing eggs and fertilization. The thin lining of the uterus prevents the egg from clinging to the mucous membranes and nesting.
Compared to "minipill", the combined end-of-contraceptive pill is more common, containing both progestin and estrogen. Estrogen helps prevent the ovaries from releasing ovules into the ovulation tube. Without eggs, sperm cannot be fertilized.
3. Side effects of oral contraceptives
Short-term side effects:Possible short-term side effects include abnormal bleeding, bleeding, headache, nausea, pain or chest tightness, weight gain, pimples, fatigue, insomnia, erratic mood….
Long-term side effects: Most women do not have serious problems using contraceptive pills for long periods of time. Women who take oral contraceptives for health reasons such as dysenteritis, endometriosis, menopause symptoms, need a doctor's decree. A few side effects may occur when using long-term contraceptives:
According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI), there is evidence that oral contraceptive pills can increase the risk of breast and cervical cancer, but reduce the risk of endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer and colon cancer. Because, the hormones progesterone and estrogen found in contraceptives can be the cause of stimulating the growth of several types of cancer cells, which, on the contrary, can also reduce the risk of development of some other types of cancer. In the same opinion with the National Cancer Institute of the United States, the American Cancer Society (ACS) said that people who take contraceptive tablets are slightly more likely to have breast cancer than women who have never taken the drug. This risk is no longer after discontinuation of the drug for 10 years or more. In addition, the American Cancer Society also reports that using oral contraceptives for more than 5 years can increase the risk of cervical cancer, the longer it takes, the higher the risk. The risk decreases with discontinuation of the drug.
Researchers haven't explained for sure why contraceptive pills can reduce the risk of certain types of cancer. It is possible that the drug reduces the number of ovulations, thereby reducing hormone secretion naturally.
- Blood clots
Aggregated analysis from 26 studies in 2013 explained that there was an increased risk of blood clots, strokes and myocardial infarction in women who used contraceptive tablets containing both progesterone and estrogen hormones, especially for women who smoked.
In some cases, the hormone estrogen found in combined oral esters can cause more severe migraines.
- Mood and desire
Although uncommon, some women may change their mood and libido when using contraceptive pills for long periods of time.
4. Is it safe to take contraceptive pills for long periods of time?
Most people can use oral contraceptive pills for many years under the instructions of their doctor if there are no side effects.
However, the risks as well as which contraceptives should be avoided, depend on the user's medical history, age and overall health. You should go to the doctor if you notice the side effects of the drug for advice and choose the appropriate medication.
5. Factors to consider when using oral contraceptives
A doctor's prescription is required when using the contraceptive pill. The doctor will prescribe safely and effectively based on the medical history, current health situation. Some factors to keep in mind when using contraceptives.
Smokers: In general, oral contraceptive tablets are still effective in women who smoke. However, from the age of 35 and older, taking contraceptive pills while smoking increases the risk of complications, because smoking is an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, blood clots and cancer.
Obesity :People who may be obese need advice on the most effective drug on their condition.
6. Some questions about oral contraceptives
- After how long after stopping the drug, can you get pregnant?
It is possible to get pregnant as soon as the next ovulation, that is, about 2 weeks after discontinuation of the drug.
- Waiting a few months from the time of discontinuation of the drug before pregnancy, is it better than pregnancy as early as a few weeks after discontinuation of the drug?
Doctors have been concerned about the risk of miscarriage if pregnant immediately after discontinuation of the drug. However, this is not proven, because the hormones contained in oral contraceptives do not linger in the body.
- Is it dangerous for menstruation not to return after discontinuation of the drug?
After discontinuation of the drug, the person may lose menstruation for several months. The mechanism of action of oral tablets is to prevent the body from producing hormones associated with ovulation and menstruation, so after discontinuing the drug, the body needs time to re-produce these hormones.
- Are the results of pregnancy tests while using oral contraceptives correct?
The answer is yes. The test checks for pregnancy by measuring the concentration of HCG hormones in the blood or urine. The active ingredients in the contraceptive pill do not affect this. Oral contraceptives are a common and effective method of preventing unexpected pregnancies. However, there are still serious side effects that may occur. Therefore, women need to discuss with their doctor about their medical history and health situation, consider the benefits and risks to choose the most appropriate method of contraception.
Most women do not experience side effects when using contraceptive pills daily in accordance with the recommended dosage and in dinh. If you do not intend to become pregnant and want to prepare the best health and mental health before having children, you need to go to specialized obstetrics and gynecological medical facilities for pre-marital maternity health examinations. You will be consulted by specialists on effective fertility and contraceptive methods before getting married and examined for fertility, sexuality, screening for sexually transmitted diseases, screening for genetic diseases…. In particular, doctors can advise you on contraception suitable for your physical condition and health to avoid unsymed pregnancies.
Currently, Share99 International Health Hub is implementing basic and advanced pre-marital birth health check-up packages. Share99 has Share99 Assisted Reproduction Center which is the leading modern center in Vietnam built and applied a comprehensive treatment process, combining both male and obstetrics and gynecology to provide the optimal plan for each customer case. The team of doctors are highly specialized, experienced professionals, capable of deploying comprehensively and comprehensively the most advanced assisted reproduction techniques today.
Share99 Research Institute of Stem Cell and Gene Technology is located next to Share99 Assisted Reproduction Center, which is convenient for consulting and diagnosing genetic diseases. After performing the necessary screening tests for both men and women, doctors will analyze the results and give advice tailored to each case. All customer information is confidential, ensuring privacy.
If you wish to have a pre-marital health check-up at Share99, please make an reservation directly at the website to be served.
For direct advice, please click hotline number or register online HERE. In addition, you can register for remote consultation HERE
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