Fatty tumours: When to have surgery?

When a fatty tumor appears in the area of the neck, back, shoulders, arms and thighs, many people worry if this is a malignant tumor? However, the majority of fatty tumors are benign, rarely require surgery.

1. What is fatty tumours?

Fatty tumours usually appear in adults, this is a layer of fat that accumulates gradually and swells under the skin. Fatty tumours are most common in positions such as neck, back, shoulders, arms, thighs…. For the most part, fatty tumors are usually benign tumors, which rarely cause pain. Only when the tumour grows enlarged on the nerve or if the tumour has many blood vessels inside will it cause pain to the person.

Depending on age as well as the location of the appearance of fatty tumours, there will be different sizes. Fatty tumours are more commonly found in the subcutaneous organization than in visceral organization. Fat tumours have a rounded shape, soft as rubber so that is the accumulation of fat layers, mobile. A person can have from 1 tumor (single fat tumor) to several fat tumors (poly fatty tumors) and rarely larger than 8cm.

Fatty tumours

Fat tumour image

2. When fat tumours require surgery

In some cases, fatty tumours require surgery. Patients need to go to a specialist oncology hospital for biopsies and necessary tests, thereby identifying benign fatty tumours or melanoma.

If the fatty tumour is large, abnormal in nature or deeper than the fatty tissue, the doctor will spend some methods such as sample biopsy, ultrasound or other imaging diagnoses such as MRI or CT scan, doctor to avoid confusion with fat cell cancer. In the following cases, the patient will undergo surgery:

  • The tumors cause pain if they override the nerves or if they have many blood vessels inside
  • The skin covered with inflamed fatty tumours
  • Tumors growing faster or larger than 5cm make it difficult to live or affect aesthetics

Fat removal surgery is a small, simple intervention, usually with local anesthesia, in which fat tumours less than 3cm in diameter are in diameter, fat tumours that are deep or have multiple fibrous components. This method helps the tumour to have less recurrence, but leave scars on the body.

Fatty tumours

Fatty tumours need surgical removal

3. Post-surgery care

After surgery for fatty tumours, the person does not need to diet, but it is necessary to clean the wound to avoid infection. Patients should pay attention to change the dressing when dirty, clean the wound and after 7-19 days of surgery need to go to the doctor to avoid complications.

Some common complications after fat tumour surgery are: Post-surgical bleeding; capacitors, post-surgical hematoma; incision infection…

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About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of Share99.net. I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.

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