The extramanular hematoma, medically known as Extradural Hematoma, occurs when there is a hematoma in the middle cavity of the skull and the outer protective membrane of the brain, also known as the sural membrane.
1. Causes of extramanneum hematoma
The most common cause of an emergency epidural hematoma is mainly due to severe head injuries. When traumatised, the skull bones rupture and tear the blood vessels and cause them to leak, causing hematoma in the epidural cavity. Multiple hematomas will put pressure on the inland skull. If not treated in time, the patient may have brain damage, which is life-threatening.
2. Symptoms of an emergency analdocular hematoma
Symptoms of an extracular hematoma are mostly shown in patients having problems or loss of consciousness. However, according to the cases that have occurred, this symptom usually does not occur often, because most after the patient wakes up from the injury will feel quite normal. After that, the disease will deteriorate and this is when the patient feels the most pronounced signs, namely:
- Severe headache;
- Nausea or vomiting;
- Become confused and weak on one hand/leg;
- Sometimes seizures occur;
- Can't talk normally (hard to talk).
Anyone who has a trauma in the head and has the above symptoms and signs, it is better to see a doctor immediately. Extra-cerebral CT scans help us to see the image of an extracular hematoma.
Ancural hematoma is more common in young people than in older adults (about 6 in 10 people have an extra-sural hematoma under the age of 20). Doctors have pointed out that the pericardium (sural membrane) in older adults is more tightly attached to the skull, making hematoma in the middle cavity of the skull and sural membranes less likely to occur. On the contrary, in young people, the sveum does not stick firmly to the skull.
The likelihood of extra-sural hematoma of people who drink too much alcohol is also very high in part due to the fact that they may fall more. Emergency sural hematoma is also less common in women than in men.
3. Treatment of an urgent analdural hematoma
3.1. Diagnostic detection
This is an urgent condition, the injured person needs to be taken to an emergency hospital. The doctor will check the patient's level of consciousness, whether the arms and legs are shaking and examine the eyes to diagnose the degree of pressure of the hematoma on the skull.
Medical procedures used to diagnose an endocular hematoma include:
- Blood test: determine the exact cause and avoid confusion;
- CT scan of head;
- X-rays to diagnose injuries in other areas.
3.2. Treatment of an urgent analdural hematoma
If the permancular hematoma is small and asymptomatatic too specific, the doctor will merely monitor the patient's condition and not interfere with too many treatments because the blood clot can re-absorb itself.
The prerequisite when treating an urgent analdural hematoma is to stabilize the condition. For example, when the patient has hypertension or shortness of breath, you need to intervene in immediate treatments at that time. If the condition increases the pressure on the skull because the hematoma is too large, the doctor will prescribe the patient to need surgery or medication.
3.3. Prevention of diseases
To prevent an urgent epidural hematoma, it is necessary to protect yourself from head injuries, especially for young children:
- Wear helmets and protective equipment when driving or playing sports;
- Always wear a seatbeln when sitting in a car;
- Minimize binge drinking and drunkenness.
Emergency analdural hematoma needs to be noticed and treated promptly when there are signs and symptoms. Because prevention is always better than cure, it is necessary to take measures to protect yourself from the smallest things to avoid unfortunate consequences.
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