Chronic kidney disease may not manifest it clearly until your kidney function is significantly impaired. Treatment of chronic kidney disease focuses on slowing the progress of kidney damage, often by controlling the basic causes. Chronic kidney disease can progress to end-stage renal failure, which is fatal without hemodialysis (dialysis) or kidney transplantation.
1. What is chronic kidney disease?
Chronic kidney disease (chronic renal failure) is a condition in which renal function is impaired or stopped working, it is impossible to eliminate toxins and excess fluid from the bloodstream.
Chronic renal failure means that the dialysis function of the kidneys is having problems. If this lesion lasts more than 3 months and cannot be restored then it is called chronic kidney disease.
Chronic kidney disease is dangerous because when at an early stage the disease usually does not have obvious symptoms, warning signs appear only when the kidneys have been damaged.
2. Symptoms of chronic kidney disease
Patients with chronic kidney disease may not notice any signs if you are sick at an early stage. Most patients do not notice any symptoms when the disease is at an early stage. This is very dangerous, since the kidneys can damage in a serious way that you cannot recognize.
Some common symptoms in patients with chronic kidney disease such as:
- Vomiting or frequent nausea
- Urinate more often than usual, or less than usual
- Always feeling tired or short of breath
- No interest in eating
- Cramps, muscle convulsions
- Dry and itchy skin, prolonged itching
- Poor sleep
- Weight loss for no apparent reason
- Tired and weak
- Moody spirit, no vitality
- Swelling of the feet and ankles
- Chest pain, if fluids accumulate around the mucous membranes of the heart
- Shortness of breath, if fluid accumulates in the lungs
- High blood pressure (hypertension) difficult to control
The signs and symptoms of kidney disease are usually nons specific, which means that these signs can also be caused by other diseases. Because your kidneys are highly adaptable and can compensate for lost function, signs and symptoms may not appear until i i.e., i.e. the kidneys are i can't recover.
A child with chronic kidney disease may also feel more tired and drowsy than usual, have less appetite than usual and do not develop as expected.
You should immediately go to medical facilities to be examined if the above symptoms appear. It may be caused by the causes, but you will need to see a doctor to find out what the problem is and how you need treatment.
If you are at risk of high blood pressure or diabetes, or if your family has someone with chronic kidney disease, you should consult your doctor to perform the necessary tests. This is important to help your kidneys function as best as possible.
3. Causes of chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease occurs when the function of the kidneys is impaired, causing kidney damage to worsen for months or years.
Some of the causes of chronic kidney disease include:
- Type 1 or type 2 diabetes
- High blood pressure
- Aphitis, inflammation of the filtration units of the kidneys (dialysis)
- Interstitial vatis, inflammation of the renal tubular and surrounding structures
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Prolonged urinary tract obstruction, due to a number of causes such as enlarged prostate, kidney stones and some cancers
- Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), a condition that causes urine to flow back into your kidneys
- Recurrent kidney infections, also known as achitis
4. Factors that increase the risk of chronic kidney disease
Factors that may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease include:
- High blood pressure
- Heart and vascular diseases (cardiovascular)
- Be African American, Native American, or Asian American
- Family history of kidney disease
- Abnormal kidney structure
5. Complications of chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease can affect almost any part of your body. Potential complications may include:
- Water retention, which can lead to swelling in the hands and feet, high blood pressure or in-lung drainage (pulmonary edema)
- Sudden increase in blood potassium levels (hyperkalemia), which can reduce the ability of the heart to function and can be life-threatening
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Weak bones and increased risk of fractures
- Decreased libido, erectile dysfunction or decreased fertility
- Damage to the central nervous system, which can cause difficulty focusing, personality changes or seizures
- Reduce your immune response, making you more susceptible to infections
- Pregnancy complications pose risks to mothers and developing fetuses
- I ismodic damage to your kidneys (kidney disease in the final stages), finally it is necessary to dialysis or a kidney transplant in order to survive.
6. Prevention of chronic kidney disease
To reduce the risk of developing kidney disease:
- Follow the instructions when using over-the-counter medications: When using over-the-counter painkillers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen and acetaminophen, you should follow the instructions on the package. Taking too many painkillers can lead to kidney damage and if you have kidney disease should limit the use of these drugs. Consult your doctor about safety when you use these medications.
- Maintain a reasonable weight: If you have the right weight, you should exercise by exercising your body most days of the week. If you need to lose weight, consult your doctor about healthy weight loss measures. Usually doctors will recommend increasing daily physical activity and reducing calories.
- Don't smoke: Smoking can damage your kidneys and worsen current kidney damage. If you usually smoke, you should consult your doctor on how to quit
- Control your health condition: If you have a disease or a condition that increases your risk of kidney disease, you should consult your doctor to control the condition. Besides, you should perform tests to find signs of kidney damage.
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Article reference source: Mayoclinic.org, Webmd.com
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