Learn about Burkholderia Cepacia

The strain of burkholderia cepacia bacteria is one of the agents that cause many dangerous diseases. In particular, they can weaken the patient's immune system and cause the lungs to necrosis.

1. What is burkholderia cepacia?

Burkholderia Cepacia is a complex group of bacteria found in soil and in water. It is gram-negative with more than 20 different species. It is an aerobic and growing bacterium by converting energy from the oxidation of carbohydrates.

Burkholderia Cepacia strains are one of the agents of chance disease in the lungs when the immune system weakens. In addition, patients with sickle cell disease are also the object of attack, causing their disease.

The strain of burkholderia cepacia bacteria is capable of long-term survival with a moist environment. This type of bacteria can be transmitted from person to person, especially easily spread in public environments such as hospitals, clinics … Therefore, early detection and isolation of people infected with Burkholderia Cepacia bacteria is necessary.

Immune system

Burkholderia cepacia is a complex bacterium that causes the immune system to weaken

2. Is burkholderia cepacia infection dangerous?

Burkholderia Cepacia is the cause of Melioidosis, which is very common in Southeast Asia such as Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Burma … In addition, the disease is also common in Australia.

The path of infection of burkholderia cepacia bacteria is quite diverse, which can penetrate directly into the body through wounds or scratches on the skin. At the site of the attack, some small pustules will appear, which can sometimes form large anesthles.

3. Tell-all signs of Burkholderia Cepacia infection

If the patient is a person who is immunocompliced due to other causes, or is suffering from a chronic pathology, the bacteria will penetrate directly into the bloodstream, causing serious clinical manifestations similar to septicaemia.

Burkholderia Cepacia can survive even in great carnges. This makes treatment difficult, and also causes why the disease can recur in many people.

Depending on the individual's condition, Burkholderia Cepacia infection can occur in 3 bodies:

  • Acute: Severe sepsis is accompanied by symptoms of diarrhea, high fever for days. Patients can die in just a few short days.
  • Semi-acute: Often has similar characteristics to welding and identification characteristics are tumors in the kidneys, liver, lungs and muscles. This form will be fatal within a few weeks of infection.
  • Chronic body: This is a condition where bacteria take long-term shelter in the body, forming tumors in the bones or under the skin. Sometimes, they are similar to wave-type sepsis.

What is a lung pressure?

Lung, liver anemones may be caused by burkholderia cepacia

4. Treatment of Patients with Burkholderia Pseudomallei

As for the ationed, strains of Burkholderia Cepacia bacteria , especially the burkholderia agent Pseudomallei, are the main agents of Melioidosis. This type of infectious disease with a highly dangerous nature, due to strain B. Pseudomallei is a natural resistance group with antibiotics such as penicillin, aminoglycosides, macrolides, quinolones…

Therefore, the treatment of patients with burkholderia pseudomallei bacteria needs to be carried out carefully, divided into 2 main stages:

  • Offensive treatment

Usually lasts from about 10 to 14 days until all clinical manifestations are terminated. Some severe cases such as arthritis, osteomyelitis, meningitis … will have an attack treatment period lasting more than 1 month.

At this stage, the patient will be injected with 1 of 3 antibiotics. In addition, patients must also use a number of other combination drugs during treatment.

  • Maintenance treatment

This period lasts quite a long time, can be from 3 to 6 months. In order to avoid the development of drug-resistant bacteria due to the treatment of Whitmore disease, patients need to follow the correct course from the doctor, absolutely do not drink longer or voluntarily shorten the time of taking the drug.

It can be said that burkholderia cepacia bacteria is a danger to the entire public health. Therefore, as soon as the body shows the manifestation of the disease, although mild, you still need to go to the hospital for an examination to easily control your health.

To register for examination and treatment at Share99 International Health Hub, you can contact Share99 Health System nationwide, or register for an online examination HERE.


  • What is Whitmore's disease and how does it manifest it?
  • Is Whitmore's disease contagious?
  • Prevention of upper respiratory tract infections in children during seasonal delivery


  • What is Whitmore's disease and how does it manifest it?
  • Is Whitmore's disease dangerous? How's the treatment?
  • Is Whitmore's disease contagious?

About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of Share99.net. I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


Leave a Comment