Understanding the genetics of diabetes

Most people with diabetes not only worry about their condition, but also worry about their children having any genetic factors?

1. What causes diabetes?

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes have different causes. Scientists have demonstrated that diabetes is heredified, but only genetic factors may not have diabetes.

There are two factors that play an important role in the formation of these two diseases:

  • (1) You inherit the genetic gene with diabetes
  • (2) environmental factors that trigger genes with diabetes

There is evidence that in twins of the same egg there is an identical genotype. However, only one person has type 1 diabetes, while the other does not. When a twin has type 2 diabetes, the other's risk is 3 to 4 times more.

causes of diabetes

Diabetes is often caused by genes or environments

2. Type 1 diabetes

In most cases of type 1 diabetes, patients inherit risk factors from both parents. Scientists say this factor is common in whites because whites have the highest incidence of type 1 diabetes.

  • Environmental factors are considered to be possible associated with type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes appears more in winter than in summer and is common in places with cold climates.
  • The second factor can be viruses. Some viruses only slightly affect most people, but can trigger type 1 diabetes in some others.
  • Post-birth diets may also play a role in type 1 diabetes images as researchers found type 1 diabetes was less common in breastfeeding and late-eating babies.

3. Risk of children with type 1 diabetes

If you are a man with type 1 diabetes then your child's incidence of type 1 diabetes is 1 in 17. If you are a woman who already has type 1 diabetes and you give birth before the age of 25 then your child's incidence of type 1 diabetes is 1 in 25. And if you give birth after the age of 25, the risk of your child is 1 in 100.

Your child's risk doubles if you have diabetes before the age of 11. If both parents have type 1 diabetes, the risk is between 1 in 10 and 1 in 4.

One in seven people with type 1 diabetes has type 2 autoimmune polyglandular syndrome. In addition to diabetes, these people suffer from a number of other conditions such as thyroid disease, poorly functioning apothyroid glands, disorders of the immune system. If you have this syndrome then the rate at which your child is at risk for this syndrome and type 1 diabetes is 1 in 2.

A special test performed to find out how the body reacts to glucose will tell which age children are most at risk of diabetes.

A more expensive test is performed for children with siblings with type 1 diabetes. This test measures insulin antibodies that affect pancreatic island cells in the pancreas or the glutamic acid decarboxylase enzyme. If the test results show that the above indicators are high, it means that the child is at increased risk for type 1 diabetes.

Tests

Perform tests to assess the risk of type 1 diabetes in children

4. Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is closely linked to a history of illness. However, type 2 diabetes also depends on environmental factors such as lifestyle factors and obesity both affecting the development of type 2 diabetes.

If you have a loved one with type 2 diabetes, it's hard to say whether your diabetes is due to lifestyle factors or genetic susceptibility but most likely because of both. However, whether there are factors that increase your risk of diabetes, studies show, you can delay or prevent type 2 diabetes by exercising and losing weight.

5. Risk of children with type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is heredic by family. In part, this trend is due to children learning inappropriate eating habits, not exercising from their parents and partly due to genetics.

Currently, at Share99 International Health Hub, there is a package of Diabetes Screening – dysle fat disorders for customers with signs of diabetes, diabetes mellitus type 1, type 2 for the purpose of diagnosing and screening pathology based on blood dosing tests, applying oral tolerance tests (for customers with suspected hunger blood sugar results)…… From there, the doctor will make conclusions and give advice on disease prevention as well as appropriate, scientific treatment for patients.

Any questions that need to be answered by a specialist as well as customers wishing to see and treat at Share99 International Health Hub, you can contact Share99 Health System nationwide or register online HERE.

SEE MORE:

  • How to manage gestational diabetes mellitus?
  • How dangerous is diabetic retinopathy?
  • Anesthesia on diabetics: Things to look out for

About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of Share99.net. I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.

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