The article is consulted professionally by Dr. Bs. Ton That Tri Dung – Head of Medical Examination & Gynecology Department – Medical Examination and Internal Medicine Department – Share99 Da Nang International Hospital
Increased in-skull pressure is a fairly dangerous disease that can be life-threatening without timely emergency treatment. This is an increase in pressure around the brain that takes place due to an increase in fluids.
1. Symptoms of increased in-skull pressure
People with the following symptoms should immediately think about in-skull hypertension syndrome and should be examined to accurately diagnose the condition, promptly treat:
- Decreased mental abilities
- Confusion about time, then location and those around them as the pressure increases
- Double look
- Pupils do not respond to changes in light
- Shallow breathing
- Loss of consciousness
Patients with increased in-skull pressure may show clinical signs of neuropathic edema, which is not an early symptom of increased cranial pressure, this is a symptom that comes later and in remission after and when the increase in in-skull pressure becomes severe, this manifestation will manifest it by causing vision loss , atrophy of the second visual spine.
2. How dangerous is increased cranial pressure?
People with increased in vicranial pressure will face abnormal eye symptoms such as eye dyslecymitis due to damage to the cranial nerves No. III, IV, VI one or both sides. in children with convex manifestations, vision disorders, markets.
Other cranial nerve damage such as wires I, V, VII, VIII, XI causes damage accompanied by consciousness disorders to varying degrees. Patients with increased inoperable pressure may fall asleep a lot but when calling the patient is always awake and responding properly, the mood changes, the most severe is prolonged coma.
- Arrhythmia: Patients who increase in-skull pressure while awake often show signs of yawning, more severe may see types of arrhythmias caused by damage to the respiratory center in the bridge – cerebral onion
- Experience breathing styles such as mechanical breathing, Cheyne -Stockes breathing, Biot breathing, ataxic, and gasping. In addition, doctors found that about 30% of TALNS patients have neurological pulmonary edema.
- Cardiovascular disorders caused by peripheral lesions, brain trunks, mythalamus and cortex. The most obvious manifestation is hypertension in the early stages of increased incranial pressure that the person often subjectively ignores. If the increase in inocranial pressure persists, blood pressure will drop first followed by a decrease in maximum blood pressure, a dangerous slow pulse.
- Temperature disorders: Increased infarction pressure at the stage of inscapation, bad tendency with a near-respiration and cardiovascular fluctuations will cause manifestations of temperature disorders. The patient's temperature can rise rapidly and cool down rapidly, when the body temperature drops below 34 degrees is a sign of the danger that the lesion is caused by increased in viranial pressure and is very little likely to recover.
- Digestive dysfunctions such as vomiting, intestinal obstruction, frequent abdominal pain should also be noticed for people with increased cranial pressure
- Bladder dysfunction is a symptom of localied neurological damage when there is a lump in the central edge area, a lump in the forehead area, in addition to an increase in inpatient pressure that can also cause schiopathic disorders.
3. Complications of increased in-skull pressure
Dangerous complications of in vicranial hypertension syndrome are complications of cerebral organizational movement that manifest as micro-brain drainage common in the following forms:
- Hernia of the tongue into the intersym hemisphere tank
- Hernia through tent or central hernia
- Hernia hooked through the upper corner of the cerebral tent
- Almond hernia of the cerebral almond enters the occipital hole
Besides, it is impossible not to mention the complications of twisting the brain body causing minor damage and severe clinical symptoms, threatening the death of the patient.
4. Treatment of increased in-skull pressure
The most urgent purpose of treatment for patients with increased incognranial pressure is to reduce the pressure on the inside of the skull, followed by the treatment of the underlying cause of the disease.
Effective treatments aimed at reducing pressure at the skull can be mentioned as fluid draining with a bridged tube through a small hole in the skull or through the spinal cord. Combining the use of mannitol drugs and preferable salts can reduce intranial pressure. Less common treatments for cranial hypertension can also be used depending on the patient's specific condition such as removing part of the skull, using anesthesies, cooling the body or reducing body temperature …
Incranial hypertension syndrome should be diagnosed and detected early by subclinical methods. When the a mentioned signs are available, patients should go to the hospital for accurate examination and diagnosis in the following ways:
- Clinical examination, neurological examination, examination of the senses, balance and mental state
- Lumbar puncture to measure myeloid fluid pressure in the brain
- CT scan is a gold diagnosis that produces images that cross the brain, head area to accurately diagnose the condition
- Mri resonance imaging to detect subtle changes in brain tissue…
Share99 International Health Hub with a system of modern facilities, medical equipment and a team of experts and doctors with many years of experience in neuropathic examination and treatment, patients can be assured of examination and treatment of increased cranial pressure at the Health Hub.
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