Menopause can affect a woman in a variety of ways. There are many people who do not have any discomfort, there are also many people who have many symptoms that severely affect life.
1. Symptoms of menopause
Menopause is the end of the entire menstrual cycle in women. The term can describe any changes you undergo just before or after you stop having menstruation, marking the end of your fertility years.
Most women approaching menopause will experience hot flushes, hot sensations that suddenly spread throughout the upper part of the body, often accompanied by blushing and sweating. These hot flushes vary from mild to severe depending on each person.
Other symptoms include:
- Irregular menstruation or menstruation
- Mood changes
- Heart beats rapidly
- Muscle aches
- Changes in lust
- Vaginal dryness
- Having problems controlling the bladder
2. Complications caused by menopause
The loss of estrogen due to menopause is believed to be intimately related to the appearance of a number of health problems that gradually become more common as women age.
After menopause, women are at risk of:
- Bone loss (osteoporosis)
- Heart disease
- The bladder and intestines no longer work as before
- Higher risk of Alzheimer's disease
- More wrinkles appear
- Weakened muscle force and edys
- Weaker vision, and diseases such as cataracts (which cause the vigm of the eye to fade) and macular degeneration (the disease causes small points in the center of the retina)
A woman entering early menopause has a higher risk of heart disease and premature death, a new analysis suggests.
To reach this conclusion, Dutch researchers looked at 32 studies involving more than 300,000 women. Researchers compared women younger than 45 at the on the onslative start of menopause with those aged 45 and over when it started.
Overall, the risk of heart disease appears to be 50% higher for women under the age of 45 entering menopause. Early menopause also seems to increase the risk of cardiovascular death and other causes. However, the study points to a link – not a cause-and-effect link – between early menopause and the risk of heart disease and also death.
The results of the study were published online September 14 in the journal JAMA Cardiology.
"These findings show that women who begin early menopause are the group of patients who should take proactive steps to prevent cardiovascular disease," said study author Dr. Taulant Muka, of Erasmus University Medical Center in Rotterdam, Netherlands.
For women during early or very early menopause, that could be hormone therapy, the researchers said. Long-term use of the hormone estrogen is associated with an increased risk of cancer and stroke. Some experts believe that the risks of this measure are more than the benefits it brings. "The tips for women entering menopause before the age of 45 are different," explains JoAnn Manson. She is co-director of Connors' Center for Women's Health and Gender Biology at Brigham/Women's Health Hub in Boston.
Ms Manson said: "As these women have a higher risk of heart disease and osteoporosis, unless there is "a clear reason" to dodge that, experts recommend estrogen treatment until at least the average age of the natural menopause." Menopause usually begins at the age of 51. However, up to 1 in 10 women experience natural menopause at age 45, the study's authors note.
In addition, some cancer treatments or surgical removal of women's ovaries also cause early menopause.
A third of women worldwide die from cardiovascular disease. And also for reasons that are not entirely clear, this risk increases during menopause. Is this due to a significant drop in estrogen levels after menopause? Perhaps it's more complicated than that, the co-authors of an editorial accompanying the study said.
"We don't know for sure whether the reproduction system affects cardiovascular health or cardiovascular disease that is affecting the ovaries," said Teresa Woodruff, one of the editorial's writers. She is vice president of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Research Council at Northwestern University in Chicago.
Manson, a co-author of Teresa, said this link can go in both directions: early menopause increases the risk of heart disease and factors such as high blood pressure (hypertension) and increased blood fat (cholesterol) that can damage the vascular system that feeds the ovaries and leads to early menopause.
Study author Muka, a postd doctoral researcher, offers a possible explanation for the increased risk for women with early menopause: Early loss of ovarian function can activate a system in the body that regulates blood pressure, body service and inflammation , he said.
"The inappropriate activation of this system causes hypertension and can damage your heart," Muka said.
The researchers added that it is possible that the risks that lead to early menopause and an increased risk of deteriorating health are contributing to genetic or environmental factors.
Muka and her colleagues selected observation studies to analyze the age of women at the on onsl on the onsl period as well as the period from the beginning of this period.
Only four studies that assess the timing of the onc onc times of menopause are associated with the risks of cardiovascular disease, and inconsistent results.
However, age-related findings show a clear link, the researchers said. While early menopause women face an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and earlier death, women between the ages of 50 and 54 who are just starting menopause have a lower risk of developing fatal heart disease than under 50s.
Based on the findings, "menopause may be a predictor of future cardiovascular events and deaths in meninged women," Muka said.
The findings were published online September 14 in the journal JAMA Cardiology.
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Article reference source: webmd.com
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