Harm of iron deficiency and nutritional anemia

Iron deficiency, nutritional anemia of all ages will affect the process of physical and mental development. Therefore, timely detection and treatment is very important.

1. Causes of iron deficiency and nutritional anemia

Iron plays a very important role in the functioning of the body. Iron constitutes hemoglobin to transport oxygen from the lungs to all agencies; participates in the formation of myoglobin- respiratory pigmentation of the muscles; participates in the structure of many immune system enzymes. Iron deficiency is one of the main causes of nutritional anemiaof all ages.

The cause of iron deficiency is insufficient iron supply. Specifically:

  • Poor diet, less nutrition, insufficient iron supply leads to iron deficiency;
  • Chronic iron loss, encountered in hookworm infections, gastric-duodenal ulcers,intestinal polyps, nosebleeds, menstruation (puberty girls)…


Girls during puberty lose a lot of iron due to menstruation

Clinical manifestations of anemia, iron deficiency often occur slowly, difficult to recognize. Some signs of iron deficiency recognition such as:

  • The skin is usually pale in the palms of the feet, the rim of the ears, the mucous membranes of the throat,…
  • Weak mobility, sluggishness, fatigue, poor concentration, or drowsiness;
  • Anemia, severe iron deficiency can lead to dizziness, shortness of breath when playing, strong movement;
  • Weight loss, gastrointestinal disorders, suffering from infections caused by a weakened immune system.

2. Harm of iron deficiency and nutritional anemia

Iron deficiency, anemia cause undesirable consequences. Some of the harmful effects of iron deficiency and nutritional anemia include:

  • For children: Increased likelihood of anemia in malnutrition; weakens children's immune systems (susceptible to intestinal diseases); poor physical and intellectual activity; insomnia, poor concentration, prone to irritation.
  • For young women: Iron deficiency, nutritional anemia make memory, perception impaired; declining health, prone to severe anemia during pregnancy.
  • For pregnant and lactation women: Pregnant women with anemia are prone to miscarriage, premature birth; mothers are prone to hypertension and obstetric accidents at birth. Breastfeeding women with iron deficiency, nutritional anemia will make the body tired, unable to afford good childcare; especially babies at risk of nutritional anemia.

Causes of miscarriage

Women who lack iron during pregnancy are more likely to lead to premature birth
  • For men: Feeling tired, life health deteriorates.
  • For workers: Workers with anemia, iron deficiency are often prone to fatigue, low ability and labor productivity.
  • For the elderly: Iron deficiency, nutritional anemia in the elderly aggravates dementia.

Besides, iron deficiency, nutritional anemia can cause the heart to beat quickly, the skin is wrinkled, nails thin out and hair is prone to falling out.

3. Prevention of iron deficiency and nutritional anemia

From the harmful effects of iron deficiency and nutritional anemia, people need to actively prevent this condition by:

  • Iron supplements with iron pills according to the instructions: Pregnant women take iron pills from the time of pregnancy until 1 month after calving, 1 pill a day; young women take one round a week (take 1 day fixed per week), at least for 4 months / year;
  • Clean the environment, individuals and families regularly.
  • Wash your hands with soap before eating, after going to the bathroom.
  • Eat cooked, drink boiled; eat foods high in iron and nutrients such as meat, organ coating, eggs, fish, seafood,… and foods rich in vitamin C.
  • Periodical deworming.

Treatment of sanitation of feces; do not use fresh mand fertilizer in agricultural production.


  • Causes, symptoms and principles of nutrition for anemia patients
  • Nutrition for pregnant women with anemia
  • What effect does anemia during pregnancy have on the mother and baby?

  • Recognition and prevention of nutritional anemia
  • Iron-rich foods for pregnant women
  • Nutrition for pregnant women with anemia

About: John Smith

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&r=gI am the author of Share99.net. I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


Leave a Comment