The formation and care of skin with blackheads

Blackheads are a nightmare for many people because they cause the skin of the face, back, chest, neck,… less fresh, smooth. Not only that, blackheads are also easy to progress to acne or pustules, which heavily affect the beauty of the skin.

1. Mechanism of formation of blackheads

Blackheads are the type of acne that appears when the hair follicles on the skin are clogged, not inflamed. The mechanism of formation of blackheads is due to the fact that the oil glands on the skin work as strongly as it is impossible to get out of the surface of the skin due to pores clogged by dirt, dead cells or makeup products and bacteria. When the pimples in the pores come into contact with the air will be oxidized and the acne everer staff turns dark black.

Blackheads are small in size, about 1mm in size and have a black acne edict that rises above the surface of the skin. Blackheads usually do not cause soreness or red swelling such as acne. But if blackheads are squeezed, they can progress more severely, causing inflammation and progressing to acne or pustules. Blackheads often appear on the face, especially the nasal area. In addition, blackheads may also appear in the back, neck, shoulders or arms. And since all skin types are at risk of blockage of pores, blackheads can appear in both oily, normal or dry skin.

The nasal area is a "permanent" place of blackheads because it is the area with the most active sebaceous glands, so it is susceptible to bacterial and dirt. Not only that, blackheads in the nose are thicker than elsewhere because the skin of the nose is thinner, more exposed to sunlight, so it is weaker than other skin areas, more susceptible to bacterial attacks.

2. Causes of blackheads


Not drinking enough water is one of the many causes of blackheads

Common causes of blackheads include:

  • Sebaceous glands are active: The sebaceous glands are active, producing a lot of sebum will clogs the pores. If not cleaned, sebum, dead cells and bacteria in the pores will gradually become dry and after days of exposure to the air will form blackheads;
  • Inappropriate diet: Regular use of greasy foods, hot spicy foods or drinking soft drinks, coffee, beer, alcohol,… easily cause skin to have blackheads because the above causes will stimulate the sebaceous glands to increase activity and interfere with the acne treatment process;
  • Do not drink enough water: Water plays an important role in the disposal of scum from the body, helping the skin to be cleaner, fresher and healthier. If the body is not replenished with the necessary amount of water, toxins will accumulate in the body and the skin will easily appear blackheads;
  • Unsymistent lifestyle: Endocular imbalance due to stress, busyness, in mode mode of sleep, effects of the menstrual cycle; excessive sweating, polluted habitat, high humidity; do not pay attention to skin hygiene carefully,… are the causes of blackheads;
  • Self-medication without consultation: The abuse of skin care cosmetics containing lithium, corticoids; taking contraceptives containing androgens, anti-cones not prescribed by a doctor can cause the skin to increase sebaceous secretion, forming blackheads.

3. Remedies for blackheads

Blackheads do not cause pain like acne but make the skin surface less smooth, rough, rough, enlarged pores and rapidly aging skin. Moreover, blackheads are often difficult to remove, easy to repeat many times and the wrong treatment, self-squeezing acne can make acne worse, easily cause inflammation into acne, pustules.

For effective treatment of blackheads, users can refer to the following methods:

3.1 Use cosmetics, serums for blackheads

On the market, there are many products that are used to treat blackheads, shrink pores. However, there are many floating products on the market, unknown origin, so each person needs to wisely choose for themselves good products, suitable for the skin.

3.2 Apply tips for treating blackheads at home

Users can take advantage of the following available ingredients in the house to treat blackheads:

  • Toothpaste: First, prepare a tube of toothpaste and a soft hairbrush. When done, users need to wash their face thoroughly with warm water, take a little toothpaste to the brush and rub lightly on the skin with blackheads for about 2-3 minutes and remain the same for about 10-15 minutes. Finally, wash your face with water. However, users should pay attention to this method only 1 – 2 times / week because using toothpaste for a long time can make the skin thin, dry and easy to catch the sun;
  • Honey: Users need to warm up pure honey within a few minutes and then apply warm honey evenly on the skin with blackheads. After about 10 minutes, users need to rinse thoroughly with warm water. Honey has the ability to disinfect, antioxidant, help treat blackheads, tighten pores, enhance moisturizing effect, help smooth and bright white skin;
  • Baking soda: Users need to mix baking soda with water in a ratio of 1:1, stir well and rub on the nose or other blackhead skin, let it dry for 15 minutes and then rinse with warm water. However, people with sensitive skin should not take baking soda because it is easy to irritate the skin;
  • Chicken eggs: It is necessary to prepare a chicken egg, a bowl and a soft cloth. When done, users separate the egg whites, dip the clean cloth into the egg whites and apply it evenly on the acne skin, lying relaxed for about 10-15 minutes before washing their face with clean water. This method is both effective for treating blackheads and helps to lighten the skin effectively.

Chicken eggs

Chicken eggs are used to treat blackheads and help lighten the skin effectively

3.3 Use of Western medicine to treat blackheads

  • Mild acne: The doctor usually prescribes the use of ointments, creams on acne skin;
  • Severe acne with inflammation: May be in dinhed to the use of topical antibiotics and antibiotics for body treatment. Topical antibiotics include: Azelaic Acid, Clindamycin, Benzoyl peroxide, Dapsone, Erythromycin,… can promote local use, help kill acne bacteria and increase skin resistance, prevent new acne from forming. Antibiotics for the whole body include: Clindamycin, Doxycycline, Minocycline, Sulfonamides, Tetracycline,… can deepen and restore the body's immune system, eliminating the root causes of acne, thereby effectively treating acne, preventing acne from recuring.

4. How to care for skin blackheads big pores

To take care of the skin and prevent blackheads at the root, it is necessary to eliminate the causes of acne, keep the pores always ventilated, clean and avoid adverse effects that damage the skin. The following skin care ways are useful tips for people who are having blackheads:

  • Wash your face regularly: Wash your face twice a day in the morning after waking up and in the evening before bed with cleanser to eliminate sebum accumulation and dirt on the skin. Gentle cleansing milks that do not cause redness or irritation are suitable for people living with blackheads. when washing your face should not rub your hands hard, it is advisable to massage gently only to stimulate blood vessels to flow, pores do not clog. Besides, do not forget to wash your face with clean water after eating greasy foods;

Wash your face

Washing your face 2 times a day helps cleanse and remove skin sebum, limiting the appearance of blackheads
  • Wash your hair regularly: Excess oil and dust deposited on the hair will contribute to clogging pores so to prevent blackheads effectively, we need to wash our hair regularly;
  • Caution when using cosmetics: Cosmetics containing oil can make pores more susceptible to clogging, leading to blackheads. Therefore, when choosing cosmetics such as makeup, makeup remover, sunscreen, users should pay attention to choose oil-free products to avoid aggravating acne;
  • Exfoliating and moisturizing: Exfoliating the skin once a week (using exfoliating cream or lemon + sugar mixture) and applying a moisturizing mask 2 times a week to provide the necessary moisture to the skin, reduce lubricants and reduce blackheads;
  • Have a scientific mode of living: Limit drinks high in sugar, alcohol, caffeine,… because they not only harm the liver, but also stimulate the sebaceous glands to be active. Instead, each person should maintain a healthy diet, add fresh vegetables to the menu, drink 2 – 2.5 liters of water / day. At the same time, it is necessary to arrange a reasonable rest period, avoid stress and anxiety;
  • Note: Do not abuse blackhead peeling because this method easily causes serious damage to the skin, the more sensitive the skin becomes, the bigger the pores, the weaker the skin and acne will appear more. Besides, it is not recommended to rush the face or squeeze blackheads because these methods are often not safe enough, causing skin damage. At the same time, it is necessary to limit makeup when acne and if makeup is required, it is necessary to remove makeup carefully to avoid makeup residues that exist on the skin that will clogs pores causing blackheads.

Blackheads are easy to recur and can progress to acne, pustules if not treated properly. Therefore, when having blackheads, customers can go to a dermatology specialist. The doctor will observe the surface, skin structure or use modern skin screening machines to determine the condition of the skin, the cause of blackheads and offer the best treatment for each specific case.


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About: John Smith

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


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