Cervical endoscopy is a method of using an endoscope with a cervical image magnification of 10-30 times to support the doctor to observe the lesion clearly. This method is used for early detection of abnormal diseases in the uterus of women, especially cervical cancer.
1. Overview of cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is a common cancer in women. The most common cause of cervical cancer is sexually transmitted HPV virus infection. Symptoms of cervical cancer warning include: Abnormal vaginal bleeding after intersym, in addition to the menstrual cycle; vaginal bleeding in women with menopause; pelvic abdominal pain; bad gas has a bad smell, abnormal color; anemia; abnormalities when urinating,…
Early detection measures of cervical cancer include: Gynecologic examination, vaginal cell testing – Pap test and cervical endoscopy. Like other cancers, cervical cancer, if detected early, can be treated completely. However, since at an early stage the disease has few obvious symptoms, it is usually only detected when it is already at a late stage – a time when treatment is difficult and the cure rate is not high.
2. Cervical endoscopy – a measure to help detect cervical cancer early
2.1 What is cervical examination?
Cervical endoscopy is a method of observation of the cervical uterus through a cervical endoscopy machine (special magnification device). Cervical endoscopy illuminates light through the vagina, into the cervical, which can enlarge the real image 10-30 times. This method makes it possible for the doctor to detect lesions on the cervical that cannot be seen with the naked eye. In addition, cervical endoscopy can also be combined with a 3-5% acetic acid solution (Hinselmann test) and a 2% lugol solution (Schiller test) into the cervical to help the doctor accurately identify the lesions in the cervical.
2.2 Early detection of cervical cancer
Cervical endoscopy is performed when cervical cancer screening test results show abnormal changes in cells. Cervical endoscopy is a useful method that helps the doctor to diagnose and evaluate abnormalities in the cervical. In particular, this method makes it possible for doctors to detect pre-cancerous lesions and micro-invasive cancers without clinical symptoms. When suspected lesions are detected in the cervical neck, the doctor will re-biopsy the location to remove several small pieces of tissue, then stain, look on the microscope to find malignant cells, for the correct diagnosis of the disease.
2.3 Cervical examination
Find the cause of cervical lesions, determine the boundary area of cervical lesions to find the location of the biosy;
- Genital warts in the cervical;
- Cervical inflammation;
- Benign growth blocks such as polyps (non-cancerous);
- Find the cause of pain, vaginal bleeding;
- Monitor progress and evaluate the results of the treatment process.
2.4 Procedures for performing cervical screening procedures
Time of implementation
- Do not have a cervical examination on the day of menstruation or are bleeding a lot of vaginal blood;
- For menstruating women: It is recommended to have a cervical examination on the 7th – 12th day of the menstrual cycle when the cervical opening, facilitating the observation and evaluation of lesions;
- For women with menopause: It is recommended to prepare with estrogen a few days in advance to help the cervical open, avoiding omission of damage to the cervical examination.
- The patient lies on his back, 2 legs raised, placed on the footrests to support;
- The doctor uses a duck bill that separates the vaginal formations for observation inside the vagina and cervical. The cervical endoscopy machine is placed out of the hole in the vagina;
- The doctor applies a soothing solution to the cervical uterus with the vagina to observe abnormal areas of the cervical. In the meanenn, it is possible that the patient will have a slightly burning sensation;
- The doctor can biopsy abnormal areas of the cervical by taking a small piece of tissue out of the cervical.
- For patients with cervical endoscopy without bioscopy, the patient will get better immediately, may have vaginal bleeding in a few days;
- For patients with cervical endoscopy with a bioscopy, the patient may have aches and pains for 1-2 days, accompanied by vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge of black color;
- For at least 24 hours after cervical screening, patients should not doest their vagina, use tampons, have sex, or use vaginal medications;
- Call your doctor immediately if there are manifestations such as: Heavy vaginal bleeding (using more than 1 piece of taming bandage per hour), severe lower abdominal pain, fever or the appearance of chills, shivering.
Cervical endoscopy is an effective method of early detection of cervical cancer, bringing a high chance of cure for patients. Therefore, when there are abnormal signs, women should soon go to an intensive examination to promptly detect and treat cervical cancer.
Cervical endoscopy is one of the cervical cancer screening steps in the Gynecologic Cancer Screening and Early Detection Package at Share99 International Health Hub. The screening package is carried out by a team of experienced doctors and modern equipment, helping customers to check gynecology functions; Early detection of diseases: cervical cancer, cancer of the uterus, ovarian cancer even if there are no symptoms.
When applying for the Gynecologic Cancer Screening and Early Detection Package, customers will be:
- Examination and consultation with obstetrician and gynecologist;
- Cervical cancer screening via HPV genotype PCR test for automatic system and vaginal ultrasound of the uterus;
- Cervical endoscopy: Early detection of abnormal lesions in the cervical neck;
- Other related tests, such as abdominal ultrasound, blood tests…
At Share99, the application of modern cervical endoscopy and scopic procedures help the diagnosis process achieve the most accurate results. Screening results are then returned to the home with specific advice and recommendations for the patient.
For direct advice, please click hotline number or register online HERE. In addition, you can register for remote consultation HERE
- How to cure cervical inflammation?
- The 9 most common sexually transmitted diseases
- Endometritis: Causes, Symptoms, Signs of Recognition