How does a liver biopsy take place?

Liver biopsy is a procedure performed by a specialist, by using a small biopsy needle to poke through the patient's skin and remove some liver tissue for testing. Thanks to a liver biopsy test, the doctor will accurately diagnose the condition, the cause of the pathology and have a timely treatment regimen.

1. What is the purpose of a liver biopsy?

In the human body, the liver plays an extremely important role, the liver produces proteins and enzymes to support metabolism, the liver helps eliminate toxic substances in the blood, fight infections, and store the necessary vitamins and nutrients for the body.

The purpose of prescribing a liver biopsy test is to help doctors accurately identify liver diseases (liver cancer, hepatitis A, B, C …) or check for symptoms in the body such as:

  • Prolonged abdominal pain
  • The test found abnormalities in the liver
  • Appearance of tumors in the lower right flank
  • Other liver test results are normal but there are tumors in the liver or people with fever of unknown causes
  • Liver biopsy test to check if liver cancer is

Abdominal pain

Prolonged abdominal pain should check the liver at a medical facility

In addition, liver biopsy tests are in place to diagnose and monitor for a number of disorders in the liver such as:

  • Autojuncular hepatitis
  • Alcoholic hepatitis
  • Hepatic iron retention
  • Hepatic cirrhosis
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver

2. What is the liver biopsy procedure?

Before conducting a liver biopsy test, patients need to prepare a number of requirements, depending on the medical condition in the patient, the doctor can ask the patient for a comprehensive examination, stop using certain drugs that can affect the blood clot process (analgesies, functional foods or anti-blood clots …)

In addition, the patient needs to conduct a blood test before performing a liver biopsy. Do not drink alcohol or eat for 8 hours before the procedure. The day of the test, a relative is required.

2.1 Liver biopsy

Depending on the type of liver biopsy, the prescribed patient will have different ways of conducting, namely:

  • Cross-skin liver biopsy: A cross-skin liver biopsy is also known as a needle biopsy, the patient's liver tissue will be removed with a needle, the location of the needle will be pain relief by anesthesia.
  • Carry-intravenous liver biopsy: With this method, the doctor will make a small incision in the patient's neck and then insert a plastic tube through this incision to thread down the patient's liver and take a sample of liver tissue. People with bleeding disorders under the anaesthetic site will be given this method.

After obtaining a sample of the patient's liver tissue, the doctor will send the sample to the laboratory for testing, the patient can wait about 1 few weeks. After the results are available, the doctor will make a final conclusion and have an appropriate treatment regimen for the patient.

Liver biopsy

Depending on the type of liver biopsy, the prescribed patient will have a different way of conducting

2.2 Note after liver biopsy

After a liver biopsy, the patient will be measured blood pressure, measured vessels, oxygen saturation in the blood and checked the location of the biopsy with bleeding. If the condition stabilizes, the patient will be given fluids, there are also cases of not being eaten or drunk within 2 hours after the bios bios.

Patients are not allowed to take Aspirin or any anti-inflammatory painkillers for 1 week after a liver biopsy. Patients need to rest for about 6-8 hours after liver biopsy and perform cleaning and eating activities at the bed. Do not drink alcohol together with drugs containing acetaminophen after a liver biopsy. In case the patient has returned home and has the following abnormal signs, he/she should notify the doctor immediately for timely handling:

  • Fatigue, dizziness, headache
  • Vomiting, bloody bye
  • Bleeding at the site of a biosy in large quantities
  • Pain in the middle abdomen on the navel, chest or shoulders
  • High fever with chills
  • Short, shallow, abnormal breathing

When you are attacked by a dizzy headache that causes fatigue

Fatigue, dizziness after liver biopsy

3. Complications for possible liver biopsy tests

Although the procedure is relatively safe, liver biopsy tests can cause a number of complications such as:

  • Pain at the biopsy site, if it is too painful, the patient can take painkillers as prescribed by a doctor.
  • Bleeding at the site of liver biopsy, in case of multiple bleeding, the patient may have to stay in the hospital for a blood transfusion or necessary, hematic surgery (rare complications).
  • Bacterial infections move into the abdominal cavity or blood, however this is rare.
  • Allergy to local anesthetics.

Currently, Share99 International Health Hub is one of the medical facilities with a team of leading medical experts in the field of Liver – Bile – Tu, the most modern machinery in the region. These will be good conditions to help the examination, screening tests or biopsy to diagnose liver cancer quickly, conveniently, saving time to take appropriate and timely treatment measures.

Customers can directly go to Share99 Health System nationwide for examination or contact the hotline HERE for assistance.


  • What is liver cancer screening?
  • The most basic things to know about liver cancer
  • Ultrasounds, liver cancer diagnostic tests

  • Liver tumor: When to have a biopsy?
  • Complications that can be encountered with a liver biopsy
  • Diagnosis and treatment of fatty liver

About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


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