Nutritional anemia in children reduces resistance, the body is susceptible to infection, affects the growth, development and learning of the child. Therefore, the prevention of nutritional anemia in children needs special attention.
1. What is nutritious anemia in children?
This is a medical condition that occurs when the content of Hemoglobin (Hb) in the blood is low compared to the normal content due to the lack of one or more nutrients necessary for the production process such as iron, copper, folic acid…
The causes of child nutritional anemia are mainly caused by:
- Insufficient iron supply: Iron deficiency anemia is the cause of nutritional anemia in children.
- Due to the need for iron: Children are fast growing age, so the demand for iron is high. Babies born full months with good iron reserves will be met until the first 6 months of life. After this period, there began to be a deficiency of iron, so it was necessary to add iron through the feed.
- Pregnant women need enough iron to develop the pregnancy, placenta. Breastfeeding women with iron deficiency will cause nutritional anemia in babies.
- Blood loss when infected with intestinal parasites: Blood loss when infected with intestinal parasites will cause nutritional anemia in children. Hookworms are parasites that mainly cause this condition because it causes gastrointestinal blood loss and causes iron deficiency.
- Children are malnourished due to other blood diseases.
2. Recognition of nutritional anemia in children
Clinical manifestations of nutritional anemia in children are often silent, making it difficult to prevent this disease in the community. Some of the main manifestations of mild nutritional anemia in children are usually:
- Blue skin, pale mucous membranes
- Children who are less active, often poorly tuition, or drowsy
- With severe anemia, the child has difficulty breathing,or has respiratory infections and other bacterial infections.
For pregnant women, often presenting blue skin, pale palms, tongue with dark red pigmentation seeds, fatigue, dizziness, heart palpitations, shortness of breath.
3. Prevention of nutritional anemia in children
Nutritional anemia in children reduces the body's resistance, causes infection and affects the growth and development of the child. Therefore, for the prevention of nutritional anemia in children need:
- Iron oral iron: For children, children under 2 years of age, premature babies with the addition of iron should follow the instructions of their doctor.
- Prevention of helminths: It is necessary to clean the environment, individuals and families regularly. Eat cooked drink boiled, deworm periodically.
- Increased diet: Eat more iron and nutritious foods such as meat, eggs, fish, seafood,… and foods rich in vitamin C such as greens, ripe berries.
- Prevention of anemia for the mother: For the prevention of nutritional anemia in babies and young children, it is necessary to first prevent anemia for the mother, since as a fetus the baby receives iron from the mother for development and reserve for the first 6 months. At the same time, the child continues to receive iron through the source of breast milk. Early breastfeeding, sufficient and prolonged feeding is the best measure for the prevention of nutritional anemia in children.
The pediatrics department at Share99 International Health Hub is the address to receive and examine the diseases that babies as well as young children are susceptible to: viral fever, bacterial fever, otitis media, pneumonia in children,… With modern equipment, ile space, minimize the impact as well as the risk of spreading the disease. Along with that is the dedication from experienced doctors to pediatric patients, making the examination no longer a concern of parents.
Customers can directly go to Share99 Health System nationwide for examination or contact the hotline HERE for assistance.
- Consequences of malnutrition due to lack of energy protein in children
- Malnourished bodies due to lack of energy proteins in children
- Signs of malnourished infants