The article was consulted professionally by ThS.BS Danh Man – Department of Medical Examination and Internal Medicine – Share99 Phu Quoc International Health Hub.
Aortic aneurysm is one of the most common diseases and accounts for a high mortality rate in Vietnam. Aortic aneurysms usually show no obvious signs, which are common in people 60 years and older.
1. What is aortic aneurysm?
The aortic is the part of the artery that plays the most important role, which is responsible for carrying blood from the heart to feed the whole body. The aortic consists of: Thoracic aortic and abdominal aortic. The size of the aortic is about 2 – 3.5cm and usually increases with age. The aortic city consists of 3 layers: the upper, middle and outer layers.
Aortic aneurysm is a phenomenon where the aortic is enlarged more than usual, increasing the size in a scular or rhombic shape. When the diameter increases by 50% compared to normal, it is considered an aortic aneurysm.
- Abdominal aortic aneurysm. (AAA)
It is the most common area of aortic aneurysms (about 75%). Abdominal aortic aneurysms develop in the lower part of the aortic. Usually asymptotic or very ambiguous until before the rupture of the arteries. Symptoms are usually:
- Pain in the middle and lower back
- Abdominal discomfort
- It feels like there's a pulse beating in the abdomen.
- Thoracic aortic aneurysm
Aneurysms develop in the thoracic cage, on the diaphragm. May be in the raised quad or the quad down the thoracic aortic. Aneurysm down the thoracic aortic occurs in the dorsal part of the thoracic cavity. Similar to abdominal aortic aneurysms, chest aortic aneurysms also have only vague symptoms such as:
- Pain in the chest and back
- Shortness of breath
- Rapidly increasing heart rate
- Aneurysm in the arteries is a rare and difficult to treat location
- Aortic aneurysm rupture
Aortic rupture is dangerous, 80% of cases rupture behind the left peritonea and can somewhat limit the rupture. In the other case, rupture in the mesentery and causing unmanageable bleeding leads to rapid cardiovascular bleeding. Aneurysm rupture causes chest bleeding leading to death. The larger the aneurysm, the higher the risk.
When the aortic aneurysm ruptures, the symptoms occur very quickly such as:
- Dizziness,blurred vision
- Shortness of breath
- Pain in the chest, abdomen and back
- Decreased fitness and loss of awareness
2. Effects of aortic aneurysms on other organ
Aortic aneurysms form blood clots. When moving, these blood clots will damage the organs they pass by, causing the appearance of some other quite dangerous diseases suchas stroke , kidney failure, heart attack,…
Symptoms: Chest pain, decreased vision, hematoma,…
2.1 Causes of aortic aneurysms to other organ
- Aging :The aortic is large and weakens over time, most people with aortic aneurysms are in their 60s or older.
- Smoking: Is one of the direct causes of the disease. Therefore, the incidence of aortic aneurysm in men is higher than in females.
- Hypertension if not treated also causes an aneurysm.
- The family has a history of the disease without connective tissue disease.
- Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis plaque attached to the walls of blood vessels makes the vessel wall harder over time, which will make the weakened vessel wall increase the risk of aneurysm.
- Marfan syndrome: Is a genetic disorder that affects connective tissue that can cause complications in some bodies including blood vessels.
- Ehlers-Danlos, Loeys-Dietz are rare disorders that also affect connective tissue and tissue that support vascular structure as well as in bones, skin and some bodies and body tissues. Loeys-Dietz can also dilate the aortic.
- Aneurysm can cause chest aortic aneurysms such as: Arteritis, Takayasu disease.
- Abnormalities in the aortic valve increase the pressure of the vessel city also increases the risk of disease.
- One of the rare causes of aortic aneurysms is an erfection, chest injury, polycystic kidney disease, high blood fat,…
2.2 Treatment of aortic aneurysms to other agencies
There are 2 treatments if the disease is detected:
- Prevent arterial rupture
- Monitoring over time
If the aneurysm is large too quickly, surgery will be considered. There are 2 types of surgery:
- Open surgery: Replace the damaged aortic segment with a PTFE artificial material graft. This method is quite dangerous and painful.
- Invascular intervention surgery.
Treatment of the disease with Stent graft is a modern method, which shortens the time as well as brings er effectiveness during treatment.
2.3 How to prevent aortic aneurysms to other organ
Some methods to help prevent as well as significantly minimize the risk of aortic aneurysms:
- Reasonable diet: Reduce sugar, fat, salt; Eat more vegetables, of, fruits,…
- Check periodically to ensure blood pressure is always in stable condition
- Cholesterol levels control reduces the likelihood of atherosclerosis
- Avoid stress, work in mode mode mode, a happy, healthy lifestyle
- Exercise, weight loss.
Share99 International Health Hub is the leading medical address for the diagnosis and treatment of aortic aneurysms. There are a full range of medical equipment needed to carry out treatments from simple to complex such as medical treatment, stent-graft placement interventions,… A team of highly specialized doctors, who have undergon training and are granted technical certificates, can handle quickly and efficiently, especially in cases of urgent emergency. Therefore, patients with chest aortic aneurysms can be assured of strict, well-organized and optimal treatment at Share99.
Master. Dr. Danh Man graduated with a master's degree in Medicine from Ho Chi Minh City University of Medicine and Pharmacy. Ho Chi Minh city and has many years of experience in the examination, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Currently, the doctor is working at the Department of Medical Examination and Internal Medicine – Share99 Phu Quoc International Health Hub.
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