Estrogen levels by age

Estrogen is one of two extremely important hormones (besides progesterone) in females. Estrogen levels are often altered rather than fixed. So how does the change in estrogen levels take place, what factors can affect estrogen levels?

1. What is estrogen?

Estrogen is the name of a group of sex hormones that play an important role in the development and maintenance of female characteristics in the human body. Hormones are chemical compounds secreted in the body, following the path of body fluid to affect the target body. The number and concentration of hormones are not fixed but there is a change in stages, daily changes, or even changes in the same day.

Estrogens include the following forms:

  • Estrone (E1): This form of estrogen appears only in women after menopause. In almost all tissues of the body there are small amounts of estrone, and most especially in muscle tissue and fatty tissue. The body is capable of converting estrone into estradiol and vice versa, from estradiol to estrone.
  • Estradiol (E2): This is the most active form of estrogen. Estradiol is produced by two ovaries. Estradiol is considered to be associated with a wide range of gynecologic problems, such as endometriosis, fibroids and some types of cancer in women, especially endometrial cancer.
  • Estriol (E3): Estriol is the estrogenic form mainly produced from the placenta, therefore its presence is mainly when the woman is pregnant. In addition, an extremely small amount of estriol is a by-product that is also produced when the body uses estradiol. There is no path that produces estradiol or estrone from estriol.

Estrogen is key to the formation and development of characteristics of the female sex, such as chest development, pubic hair growth and armpit hair, as well as the conditioning of the functioning of the reproduction system and menstrual cycle.

Estrogen therapy

Estrogen plays an important role in the conditioning of the functioning of the reproduction system and the menstrual cycle.

2. Changes in estrogen levels in women

Normal estrogen levels can vary greatly between women, including between two women who have the same menstrual cycle, and at the same menstrual day, their estrogen levels are also very different. Even in the same woman, estrogen levels vary with the day.

During puberty, two ovaries in females begin to release the hormone estrogen along with the menstrual cycle. During each period, estrogen levels rise suddenly in the first half of the cycle, stimulating ovulation, and after ovulation, estrogen levels drop rapidly.

Pre-menopause is the transitional period before the woman has menopause. The first deterioration in natural estrogen levels takes place at this stage, accompanied by the appearance of many other changes. At the beginning of the premenausal period the woman may find herself gaining weight,abnormal menstruation , hot flushes, vaginal dryness,…

Once menopause, estrogen levels in women will drop low, and this is a very natural process. Young women will also have low levels of estrogen if they undergo surgery to remove both ovaries, and this phenomenon is called surgical menopause.

3. Influential factors, changes in the body's estrogen levels

Estrogen levels in the female body can be affected by a variety of factors, among which there are several factors that cause a decrease in estrogen levels, and vice versa, some other factors that cause an increase in estrogen levels.

Certain conditions, lifestyles, and processes can cause a decrease in estrogen levels in the body, including:

  • Ovarian failure
  • Impaired saddle gland function
  • Miscarriage
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
  • Anorexia erxia
  • Excessive training or training
  • Certain therapeutic drugs, such as clomiphene
  • Newborn, breastfeeding
  • Too thin: Although the two ovaries are the main producers of estrogen but not the only place, fatty tissues can also produce a certain amount of estrogen. It is for that reason that women with less body fat (such as athletes, models, fitness professionals,…) may have low estrogen levels, and it is likely that they will face problems due to the lack of estrogen that is common in women who have menopause.

Some factors can cause estrogen levels to increase, such as:

  • Overweight and obesity
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Healthy pregnancy
  • Tumors in the ovaries or a renal glands
  • Some therapeutic drugs, such as steroids, ampicillin, drugs containing estrogen, phenothiazine, and tetracyclines.

insulin resistance manifestations of obesity

Obesity is one of the causes of estrogen increase

4. How does an imbalance in estrogen levels work?

An imbalance in estrogen levels can cause the following effects:

  • Irregular menstrual cycles, menstrual cycle disorders or menstrual loss
  • High blood pressure, or at least blood during the menstrual cycle
  • Hot flush
  • Sweat thieves
  • Benign abnormalities in the breast and uterus
  • Emotional changes
  • Sleep disorders
  • Gain weight, mainly increase the size of the buttocks, thighs and waist
  • Impaired libido
  • tired
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Depression
  • Dry skin

If there are any signs or abnormalities, or suspicion that you are having a sormonal imbalance, see a specialist for appropriate diagnosis and treatment.

A health check-up periodically helps to detect diseases early, thereby having a treatment plan that achieves optimal results. Currently, Share99 International Health Hub has general health check-up packages suitable for each age, gender and unique needs of customers with reasonable price policy.

The patient's examination results will be returned to the home. After receiving the results of a general medical examination, if you detect diseases that require intensive examination and treatment, you can use the services from other specialties right at the Health Hub with superior quality of treatment and customer service.

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About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


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