Newborn sepsis can affect a child's life

Sepsis in babies is an acute disease, which can lead to multi-organ failure, septic shock, and a high mortality rate. The disease should be detected and treated in a timely manner to avoid life-threatening complications.

1. How dangerous is sepsis in babies?

Sepsis in babies is an acute disease caused by bacteria circulating in the blood, causing diverse clinical symptoms, impairing multiple organ cover, septic shock. The types of bacteria that cause sepsis are usually E.coli, sysys, Listeria, Klebsiella, capacitors, Pseudomonas,… Factors that increase the risk of blood infection in a child are: Premature calving, underweight; mothers with fever, pre-birth infections; the period of amniotic rupture is more than 12 hours before birth; amniotic fluid is dirty, opaque and smells bad; resuscitation at childbirth,…

Sepsis in babies can occur early but can also occur 1-2 weeks after birth. Newborn babies are susceptible to newborn infections because the conditions of reproduction (tools, environment, the midwife themselves) do not ensure hygiene factors that easily cause germs to pass through the skin, umbilical cords into the bloodstream, spread throughout the body, including the brain, causing encephalitis – meningitis, easily leaving evidence even after active treatment. Sepsis mortality accounts for about 20-50% of cases and this is also the answer to the question "Is sepsis infants dangerous?" In particular, septic shock is a severe manifestation of sepsis.

2. Symptoms of sepsis in newborns

If there are many of the following signs at the same time, the newborn may have sepsis:

  • Signs of pregnancy failure;
  • The gestational rhythm is fast, the amniotic fluid is stool-colored;
  • Temperature disorders: Fever (above 38 degrees Celsius) or hypothermia (below 35 degrees Celsius);
  • Digestion: Breastfeeding, vomiting, abdominal obstruction, diarrhea, enlarged spleen liver, digestive hemorrhage;
  • Breathing: Shortness of breath, moaning, rapid breathing, chest shrinkage, cyanosis, may stop breathing;
  • Revascular: Rapid pulse, blue-violet skin, violet rash, cold skin, rash, hemorrhage, purulent nodules, possible septic shock;
  • Nerves: Separation or irritation, convulsions, tremors, possible coma, paralysis, muscle dysenteritis disorders. Bulging if purulent meningitis is available;
  • Skin: pervasive inflammation or purulent ulcerative inflammation;
  • Stiff edema, acute renal failure or minor urination if the infection is severe.

Depending on the type of bacteria entering the bloodstream, the child will have different clinical manifestations sooner or later, the disease torsion and treatments vary. If the child has a blood infection caused by a group B styrococular infection, symptoms usually appear after birth 3-4 hours or at the latest after birth 1-2 weeks with manifestations of pneumonia, purulent meningitis such as apnea, hypotension,… If the child has heteroccal sepsis, it usually manifests it in the bones and skin (infectious dermatitis).

Newborn sepsis can affect a child's life

Children with dermatitis, purulent

3. Diagnosis of sepsis in newborns

  • Blood and tingular formula tests;
  • Lung X-ray;
  • Blood cultures;
  • Transplantation of infectious outbreaks: Skin, navel, feces, urine;
  • Puncture the spinal cord if meningitis is suspected, thereby testing cells, proteins, sugars, salts in the cerebral fluid.

4. How to deal with sepsis in babies

4.1 Antibiotics

Take antibiotics as soon as sepsis is suspected. Broad-spectrum antibiotics are often used, in combination with two antibiotics, or based on the type of bacteria the child is infected with to use antibiotics that are appropriate according to the antibiotic.

  • If the child has not received antibiotic therapy: Ampicillin at a dose of 100mg/kg/24 hours and Gentamicin at a dose: 5mg/kg/24 hours;
  • If the child has been treated in the lower gland with the upper medicine but is not supported, Tacefoxym should be combined at a dose of 100mg/kg/24 hours and Amikacin at a dose of 15mg/kg/24 hours;
  • When antibiotic results are available: Treatment according to antibiotics;
  • The duration of antibiotic therapy is 10-15 days, and until the results of blood transplantation (-) the clinical signs of sepsis are gone. In case of septicaemia accompanied by purulent meningitis, the duration of special antibiotics lasts at least 3 weeks.

4.2 Supportive treatment

  • Anti-respiratory failure;
  • Full nurture;
  • Accretion of electrolyses, water, alkaline acid balance if there is a disorder;
  • Shockproof if any.

Note: Emergency treatment is carried out if the pediatric patient has temperature disorders, respiratory disorders, circulation disorders, convulsions, purulentmeningitis, pervasive invascular coacular coaculation, coahydration disorders, alkaline acid loss, metabolic disorders, water disorders and electrolyzers,…

5. Prevention of blood infections in babies

Sepsis in babies is associated with many conditions and environments for nurturing the child, the duration of amniotic rupture, the duration of labor, the state of intervention during childbirth,… Therefore, for the prevention of this dangerous disease in the child, mothers should note:

  • Improve knowledge about pregnancy care, regular pregnancy check-up;
  • If there is a vacular infection or sexually transmitted disease that requires thorough treatment before pregnancy;
  • Selection of reputable hospitals at birth, birth support tools must be sterilized, birth supporters must ensure hygiene;
  • If the pregnant woman ruptures the amniotic fluid early, antibiotics must be immediately used to prevent infection;
  • When caring for babies, wash their hands thoroughly with antibacterial soap to avoid spreading and reinfecting them with bacteria; use diapers and clean caps.

Newborn sepsis can affect a child's life

Wash your hands clean, use diapers and clean hats for babies

Sepsis in babies can cause many unpredictable, even life-threatening complications of pediatric patients. Therefore, when a child has symptoms of septicaemia, parents need to be taken to the hospital immediately for timely and effective diagnosis and treatment, limiting the risk of unpredictable complications.

At Share99 International Health Hub,children will be examined and treated for respiratory infections and sepsis in a quiet, eptic space to help children recover quickly.

Medical instruments are disinfected, equipped with international standard clinic system and inpatient system are arranged at the hospital according to each specialized area

A team of dedicated doctors with extensive experience from leading hospitals in The Pediatrics department of Vietnam.

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About: John Smith

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


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