Invasive fungal infections can cause itching and discomfort, but they are rarely serious. Common infections such as the athlete's leg, or fungal round plaque ecpet disease, are highly susceptible. In healthy people, the fungus usually does not spread beyond the surface of the skin so it is easy to treat.
1. Some fungal infections
Fungal infections are common throughout the natural world. In humans, fungal infections occur when a type of fungal infection invades an area of the body or more.
Fungi can live in air, soil, water and plants. In addition, some fungi can live naturally in the human body. Like many other bacteria, fungi are also useful and also harmful. When fungal infections enter the body, they can be difficult to destroy, since they can survive in the environment and infect humans.
2. Symptoms of fungal infections
Symptoms of invasive fungal infections will depend on each type, common symptoms include:
- Skin changes include redness and possible cracking or peeling of the skin
3. Susceptible fungi
3.1. Fungal infection of the athlete's leg
Foot fungal infection is a common fungal infection. Athlete foot fungal infections are often associated with sports and athletes because it is the perfect environment (warm, humid) for fungus to grow (socks, shoes, sports equipment, dressing rooms).
In fact, anyone can be affected by fungal infections of the legs in athletes. In particular, fungi are common in warm climates or in the summer months, which is a condition in which they can quickly increase.
Symptoms of fungal infections in the athlete's legs may vary from person to person. Typical symptoms include: Redness or blisters on the affected area; Infected skin may be soft or the upper layers of the skin may begin to break down; Peeling or cracking of the skin; The skin can peel off and itch, sting or burn sensation in the infected area.
Diagnosis and treatment: Not all itchy paws are the result of fungal infections of the athlete's feet. Doctors often diagnose infections by scraping the skin scales and examining under a microscope for evidence of any fungus.
There are a few different fungi that can cause athlete foot fungal infections. Infection can be treated differently depending on the specific type of fungus that is infecting the skin.
Athlete foot fungal infections are usually treated with local antifungal ointments. The drug is available for purchase without a doctor's prescription. However, severe infection may require additional oral medication. Paws will also need care and dryness to help destroy the fungus.
Prevention: The prevention methods of fungal diseases of the athlete's feet are to give the legs plenty of air to breathe and keep them clean, dry. Wear slippers in public bathrooms and change rooms to avoid infection.
3.2. Yeast infections
Vaginal fungal infections are a common form of the over-developed candidiasis in women, often caused by Candida albicans. The over-development of Candida disrupts the normal balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina. This bacterial imbalance can be caused by antibiotics, stress and hormone imbalances or due to poor eating habits.
Candidiasis can also often cause fungal infections of the toenails and rashes.
Symptoms: Yeast infections often have symptoms: Itching and swelling around the vagina with a burning sensation or pain during urination or sexual contact; Redness and soreness on and around the vagina; Abnormal vaginal secreties, such as blue-gray lumps or a lot of water secreties. Rashes can develop over time in some cases. Yeast infections should be treated quickly as symptoms can become severe if left uns cured.
Diagnosis and treatment: The classic symptoms of yeast infections make them easy to diagnose. Doctors may ask about a history of the disease, or sexually infected, or have recently used antibiotics. After that, the doctor will examine the vaginal, cervical city for signs of infection. In case of necessity it is possible to take cells from the vagina for a definitive diagnosis. Treatment of yeast infections depends on their severity. Diagnostic treatments include topical creams.
Prevention: Avoid yeast infections starting with a balanced diet and proper hygiene. Wear wide clothing and materials made from natural fibers. Washing underwear in hot water can prevent fungi from growing.
3.3. Itchy scabies
Tinea cruris is often called itchy scabies, which is a common general fungal infection. These fungi prefer a humid environment and thrive in wet areas of the body such as the groin, buttocks, thighs. Itchy scabies can be more common in summer and in warm, humid areas.
Itchy scabies is a mild infectious disease and is usually transmitted through direct contact with an infected person.
Symptoms: Itchy scabies appear on the body as a red rash, itching is usually round in shape. Symptoms include: Redness in the groin, buttocks, thighs; rubbing, irritation, itching or burning in the infected area; Red rash with a weight and emerging edges; Cracking, peeling or peeling of the skin in the infected area
Diagnosis and treatment: Itchy scabies is usually determined based on its appearance. If doctors are unsure they can take a skin sample for a definitive examination and diagnosis. Treatment of itchy scabies is often associated with local antifungal ointments and proper hygiene. Many cases of itchy scabies are improved with over-the-counter medications.
Prevention: Itchy scabies can be prevented by using clothes with natural fiber material. Avoid contact with infected people. Avoid sharing daily personal items such as towels, sports equipment …
3.4. Round plaque ecpet disease
Round plaque ecpet disease is a skin infection caused by a fungus that lives on dead tissues, such as skin, hair and nails. It is also a fungal disease that causes both leg itching and athlete foot fungal infections.
Symptoms: The disease is often noticeable because of its shape. A red patch that can be itchy or scaly will often turn into a floating, ring-shaped patch of skin over time. It can even spread into several rings. The outer side of the circle is red and bumpy, while the inside can form scales. The disease is highly contagious and can be transmitted through skin contact or contact with pets. Mushrooms can also exist on objects such as towels, clothes, brushes. In addition, the fungus can also infect the soil, mud. So players who either work with dirt contaminated with fungi will likely become infected.
Diagnosis and treatment: Different skin conditions may look like circles, so for a definitive diagnosis the doctor will take a skin sample to go for a fungal examination. After confirming the diagnosis, the doctor will recommend treatment depending on the severity of the symptoms.
Creams and ointments are commonly used to treat the disease and may not require additional prescription medications. However, fungal infections in the scalp or in severity should be treated with a dermatologist's prescription.
Prevention: Hygiene can help treat and prevent fungal infections. Always keep the skin clean and dry to avoid infections. At the same time, use separate personal belongings to avoid infection from sick people.
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Source: webmd.com, medicalnewstoday.com, cdc.gov
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