Miscarriage is the phenomenon of loss of pregnancy before the 20th week of pregnancy. This is a matter of particular concern to pregnant women. Miscarriage has some quite common symptoms such as vaginal bleeding, cramps … but these symptoms are also common in other diseases during pregnancy so it is difficult to determine correctly.
1. Miscarriage overview
Miscarriage can be caused by a lot of causes and is often difficult to clearly identify, however most are not the fault of the mother. It is thought that most miscarriages are caused by chroma abnormalities, when the baby has too many or insufficient chroma, it will not be possible to develop properly.
The majority of miscarriages are uns preventable, but the mother may take a number of measures that reduce the risk of miscarriage, for example, limiting alcohol consumption, smoking and avoiding the use of the drug during pregnancy; keep your weight healthy before pregnancy, eat healthily and reduce the risk of infection,…
When there are signs of suspected miscarriage, you need to go to the hospital for an immediate check-up. The doctor will make a definitive diagnosis by ultrasound, if the results show that a real miscarriage occurs, you will be consulted about the options for processing a lost pregnancy. Normally, fetal tissue will exit naturally after 1-2 weeks, however in some cases you can also use medication or a pregnancy removal surgery if you do not want to wait.
2. Symptoms of miscarriage
The most common sign of miscarriage is vaginal bleeding. Blood can vary from spots or brownish discharge to severe bleeding, bright red blood or lumps into lumps. This phenomenon can appear and then disappear in a few days.
However, vaginal bleeding is also relatively common in the first 3 months of pregnancy that is not necessarily a warning sign of miscarriage. As soon as this manifestation is seen, the better the maternity needs to see a doctor, especially for women who have consecutive miscarriages (recurrent miscarriages) the more care is needed.
Other symptoms of miscarriage include:
- Cramps, lower abdominal pain;
- There is greasy secreted from the vagina;
- Loss of common symptoms of pregnancy such as chest pain, fatigue …
In rare cases, miscarriage can be caused by pregnancy developing outside the uterus, which is called an extra-intra-uterus pregnancy. At this time, pregnant women often have the following symptoms:
- Persistent and intense abdominal pain, often on one side;
- Vaginal bleeding, which usually appears after the pain begins;
- Shoulder pain;
- Diarrhea, vomiting;
- It feels like it's fainting, it can faint.
Pregnant women with these symptoms should be taken to the hospital as soon as possible for timely examination, diagnosis and intervention.
3. How to diagnose and treat miscarriage?
Your doctor will determine if you have a miscarriage by performing pelvic examination and ultrasound. If the result is definitely a miscarriage and the uterus is not infected, you will not need treatment. But if there are signs of infection or some other condition, the following treatments can be applied:
- Nong and uterine scraping (D&C): During this procedure, the doctor will dilate the cervical and gently remove the remaining tissues or fetuses in the uterus;
- Medication use :The drug can be taken in place of a D&C procedure, such as misoprostol to make the uterus heal on its own.
4. Pregnancy problems after miscarriage
Most of the factors that cause a miscarriage are out of control of the pregnant woman, however to reduce the risk of miscarriage for the following pregnancies, you can take the following steps:
- Spend time recovering and healing mental trauma after a miscarriage;
- Talk to your doctor about the appropriate time for your next pregnancy. Some doctors will advise pregnant women to wait a certain period of time – from 1 menstrual cycle to 3 months – before trying to conceive again;
- Have a schedule of regular pre-production examinations more frequently than before;
- Quit smoking, alcohol and medicines that are unfavorable to the fetus to ensure the healthier pregnancy possible;
- Pregnant mothers with diabetes or hypertension should keep these diseases under control;
- Keep body weight at a healthy level;
- Follow a healthy diet with plenty of cereals, fruits and vegetables;
- Cut caffeine intake: Limited to 200 mg of caffeine (or less) for a day, the equivalent of a cup of coffee.
5. How to prevent miscarriage?
- Do not smoke during pregnancy;
- Do not drink alcohol or use illegal drugs during pregnancy;
- Try to avoid infections during pregnancy, such as Rubella;
- Avoiding certain foods during pregnancy can be beneficial to the health of the mother and baby, for example soft cheeses (white or blue), raw or undercooked eggs, pates, raw or undercooked meats, animal livers,…
- Controlling weight before pregnancy is healthy, as obesity increases the risk of miscarriage. A person is considered obese when there is a BMI of >30.
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Reference source: webmd.com; nhs.uk
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