Asphyxiation at birth: Dangerous complications

According to the World Health Organization WHO, asphyxiation at birth or asphyxiation occurs between 2 and 10 per 1000 babies born on time, and more for premature births. Who estimates that 4 million newborn deaths occur annually from asphyxiation at birth, accounting for 38% of deaths in children under 5 years of age.

In full-month babies, asphyxiation may occur before or during labor due to impaired blood gas exchange through each other's wheels. Asphyxiation may also occur post-birth due to respiratory, cardiovascular, or neurological abnormalities. As a result, the child may suffer from hypoxia encephaular disease, which can be accompanied by damage to other bodies.

1. What is asphyxiation in babies?

Asphyxiation at birth or asphyxiation is a pathology for babies due to lack of oxygen that lasts long enough during childbirth to the point of physical damage, usually damage to the brain. Damage can occur with most of the infant's muscles (heart, lungs, liver, intestines, kidneys), but brain damage is the biggest concern and perhaps the least likely to heal quickly or completely. In more pronounced cases babies will likely survive, but with manifestations of brain damage or in the form of mental damage, such as developmental delays or intellectual disability, or in other forms of physical damage.

Asphyxiation detected as soon as the newborn is born does not cry within the first minute.

Asphyxiation in babies

Asphyxiation is a pathology for babies due to prolonged hypoxia

Factors causing pregnancy failure are also factors that cause asphyxiation, so facing high-risk pregnancies such as gestational intoxication, forward vegetables, mothers with medical diseases, narrow pelvis, disorders of uterus contractions, double pregnancies, multiple pregnancies, amnioticminiatures, malformation, through ultrasound all predict newborn asphyxiation and prepare newborn resuscitation instruments. According to several studies that have led to new international guidelines on newborn resuscitation in recent years, it is recommended to use normal air when emergency asphyxiation at birth has a better recovery effect and a better predstance instead of 100% oxygen.

2. Risk factors for asphyxiation at birth

  • The mother is too young or too old
  • If the mother has cardi lung disease, asthma, severe anemia, pre-birth blood, low blood pressure, high blood pressure,abnormally spasmodic uterus
  • Dirty amniotic fluid
  • Multiple pregnancies
  • No post-maternity care
  • Underweight babies
  • Increased labor with oxytocin
  • hemorrhage
  • Pre-production and pre-production
  • Anemia during pregnancy and at birth

3. Complications of respiratory failure/asphyxiation in newborns

Asphyxiation at birth can manifest it with many degrees and consequences with accompanying conditions later. If severe, the signs of cyanosis, respiratory failure increase, heart rate slows down, blood pressure lowers, body temperature lowers, the child may die. If mild and promptly intervened, treated properly, the symptoms gradually decrease and the child can be saved. However, after being given a timely emergency, it is still possible to leave behind such symptoms as lack of cerebral oxygen, cerebral hemorrhage, hypoth glucose …

It is possible to monitor and evaluate neurological symptoms after the first week allowing to gradually identify the symptoms in the first year such as: paralysis of the lower 2 esttreia, paralysis of 1/2 of the person, paralysis of the 4th dystreous dystremia, seizures, severe mental retinal delay, disorders of the senses.

Within the first month after birth in case the child is asphyxiated at birth if the first round of the child does not develop a diameter size suggests that the child has developed minor head complications.

Small-headed children

Asphyxiation in babies can cause minor head complications in the first month after birth

Babies with severe or mild asphyxiation also often present with long-term weakness, bronchitis,persistent pneumonia, weak premature resistance, weak body.

Some cases can lead to multiple organ damage at an early stage (especially liver and kidney damage), which seriously affects the health of the child later on.

At Share99 International Health Hub, there is an ultrasound machine in the birthing room that can measure the position of the fetal head in the mother's pelvis to make the birthing difficult, or easy for the doctor to choose the appropriate, safe birth method for mother and child. Each birthing room has the most modern neonatal care car, full of equipment from warm lamps, baby scales, baby health assessment system (measuring heart rate, breathing rate, blood pressure, oxygen in the blood)… help promptly diagnose and treat your child's health problems at birth.

For direct advice, please click hotline number or register online HERE. In addition, you can register for remote consultation HERE


  • Resuscitation in asphyxiated babies
  • Body hypothermia saves asphyxiated newborn
  • Newborn resuscitation in the birthing room

About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


Leave a Comment