Note that the ovarian cyst ruptures during treatment

Ovarian cysts are a fairly common gynecologic pathology, often without symptoms, so many cases of patients only know when hospitalized because of ruptured ovarian cysts.

1. Why does the ovarian cyst rupture?

An ovarian cyst is an enlarged scul; containing water, solid or mixed tissue, and is located on the surface or right in the ovarian. A ruptured ovarian cyst is when the stybar structure containing the tumor is no longer intact, the components inside the tumor escape.

The signs and symptoms of ruptured ovarian cysts are actually very diverse, depending on the characteristics of the previous cyst. However, in the vast majority of cases, this is considered a gynecologic emergency.

Patients are at increased risk for rupture of ovarian cysts if they have polycystic ovary syndrome. This is the pathology that causes many cysts to develop on the ovaries. When there is one or more of the following can lead to a ruptured ovarian cyst.

  • The concentration of hormones varies with the monthly menstrual cycle
  • Pressure affects the cyst, from daily activities, sports to sex or injuries to the abdomen – pelvis.
  • Pregnancy
  • U has a large size, fast size growth or twisting

Functional ovarian cyst

Ovarian cyst is a condition where a scle pocket is bulging, containing

2. Signs of ruptured ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts can rupture randomly or when there is physical activity, the force of which acts strongly on the tumor. When an ovarian cyst bursts, the fluid inside it escapes and spreads into the pelvic cavity. At this time, the patient will have the following symptoms:

  • New smoldering pain or severe pain on one side of the lower abdomen
  • Ambiguous feeling of full or heavy belly
  • Bloating
  • Abdominal pain with fever
  • Abdominal pain with nausea, vomiting
  • Stunned, tired
  • Rapid breathing
  • Moist cold skin
  • Vaginal bleeding

Depending on the degree of manifestation of symptoms in the person, it is possible to predict how complications of the ovarian cyst cause. Ruptured ovarian cysts may sometimes show no signs but can sometimes affect lives. Therefore, when there is one of the above, especially when there is a ovarian cyst, the woman needs an early examination or emergency hospitalization for timely intervention.


Rupture of ovarian cysts makes patients very tired

3. How to diagnose a ruptured ovarian cyst?

When the patient is admitted to the hospital for symptoms of abdominal pain on one side of the pelvis, accompanied by vaginal blood, it will be difficult for the doctor to exclude the side diseases through mere examination, the diagnosis of a ruptured ovarian cyst will be based on the test results including:

  • Blood test: The concentration of BETA HCG is used to check if the patient is pregnant and thereby can predict gestational age. Besides, blood tests also need to know if the person is likely to have an infection attached.
  • Ultrasound: Ultrasound images may show a cyst on the patient's ovaries, the presence of fluid in the same vesicy and the nature of the fluid. This tool will become extremely useful when using vaginal probe ultrasound , insertedand directed towards the uterus for a closer look at the patient's ovaries.

4. Treatment of ovarian cysts?

The treatment of ovarian cysts will depend on the age of the person, the size of the cyst and the accompanying complications. Accordingly, the treatment may become unnecessary if the cyst is small or the patient's body absorbs fluid that escapes from the cyst. At this time, patients can only need support measures as follows:

  • Analgesics: Common analgesics such as paracetamol or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs do not need to be prescribed. These drugs not only help to calm the pain, but also anti-inflammatory, reducing edema of the damaged tissue area.
  • Antibiotics: This drug may be necessary to prevent or fight bacterial infections.

For surgery, surgical intervention is given only to address excessive fluid or blood in the pelvic area after the ovariancyst ruptures , which is at risk of local infection or full abdominal spread. Even rupture of cysts that are accompanied by internal hemorrhages, necrotic ovarian torsion, surgery will be carried out in appropriate ways for each disease, either aimed at preserving the function of reproduction or carrying out radicalization.

In summary, a ruptured ovarian cyst with alarming signs is considered a gynecologic emergency, which is at risk of life-threatening if delayed processing. Therefore, women need to have a habit of regular birth health examinations, pre-detection and a plan to monitor ovarian cysts well to actively intervene early when in designate and prevent complications later.

In order to help customers detect and treat other gynecologic diseases early, Share99 International Health Hub has a basic gynecologicexamination and screening package, helping customers detect inflammatory diseases early, making treatment easy and inexpensive. Screening for early detection of gynecologic cancer(Cervical cancer) even if there are no symptoms.

The basic gynecology examination and screening package for female clients, with no age limit and possible symptoms as follows:

  • Abnormal bleeding of the vaginal area
  • Menstrual problems: abnormally long cycles, irregular menstruation
  • Abnormal vaginal translation (bad smell, unusual color)
  • Pain, itching of the closed area
  • Female customers have a few risk factors such as bad personal hygiene, unsafe sex,abortion,…
  • Female customers have other symptoms such as abnormal vaginal discharge, itching, pain in the closed area, abnormal vaginal bleeding.

If you have abnormal symptoms, you should be examined and consulted with a specialist.

For direct advice, please click hotline number or register online HERE. In addition, you can register for remote consultation HERE


  • Complications of ovarian cysts
  • Fertility in people with ovarian cysts
  • Ovarian cysts at puberty: What to know

About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


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