The article was consulted professionally by Master, Dr Do Nguyen Thuy Doan Trang – Head of Out-of-Body Recycling Team – Cardiovascular Center – Share99 Central Park International Health Hub. The doctor is a leading expert in Extra-Body Recycling in cardiac surgery and cardiac resuscitation, cardiovascular medical treatment.
Blood pressure is a parameters that tell the state of health. Sudden increase in blood pressure more or less causes adverse effects on the body. Therefore, identifying and taking a way to handle sudden hypertension will help people have the right response to keep blood pressure stable, thereby protecting the health of themselves and their loved ones.
1. How dangerous is sudden hypertension?
Blood pressure is the pressure of the blood flow in the heart of the arteries to bring blood to nourish the bodies in the body. Blood pressure is generated by the contraction force of the heart and the resistance of blood vessels. The doctor will diagnose Hypertension when the sysysy blood pressure is 140 mmHg or more or diasysive blood pressure of 90 mmHg or more.
Besides, blood pressure is not always stable or holds the same index but will vary depending on our activity, emotions or state of health right at that time. Just a small activity such as changing positions, positions, drinking coffee or smoking, being touched … will also increase blood pressure. However, the body always coordinates many mechanisms to quickly return blood pressure to normal blood pressure values.
In the event of constant hypertension and rapid rise in blood pressure, excessive blood flow pressure in the heart of the blood vessels will risk leading to cardiovascular events. The most frightening thing is the rupture of blood vessels; if it is in the brain, it causes a brain haemorrhage, the patient is paralyzed, speaks harder or more severely than confusion, coma.
If the patient has had an aneurysm separating the aortic earlier, with great blood pressure, the risk of rupture is very high, rapid drop in blood pressure and death. Large blood pressure can also cause peeling of atherosclerosisplaques, clogging blood stenosis to the bodies causing cerebral infarction, myocardial infarction. In addition, sudden hypertension also causes acute pulmonary edema, acute heart failure, acute renal failure,constant nasal bleeding, blinding retinal bleeding …
2. Recognize sudden hypertension
Most hospital arrivals are when sudden hypertension has caused damage to the targeted body. Specifically, patients come to the examination when suddenly paralyzed, distorted mouth, chest pain, shortness of breath, coughing up blood, blurred vision, nosebleeds or neglect, slow contact. These cases are very unfortunate because if blood pressure is controlled to normal, the damage to the body is also difficult to restore as usual.
A small number of patients are more sensitive, capable of self-aware of rising blood pressure when they see headaches, nape, neck stiffness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting or just a vaguely unpleasant feeling of anxiety. At this time, it is extremely necessary to quickly find a resting seat and measure your blood pressure for an immediate check-up.
3. What to do with sudden hypertension?
The first way to treat sudden increase in blood pressure is to put the patient to rest or lie down. If you are working outdoors, walking on the street, in crowded places, quickly put in a place with shade, cool, breathable, quiet and avoid agitating, avoiding sound, strong light. It is possible to take off the hat, clothes to make the person more comfortable and then conduct repeated blood pressure measurements.
If sysysy blood pressure remains high above 140 mmHg but below 160 mmHg, it is possible to keep the patient monitored at home, limiting walking, mainly resting. Patients should continue to take blood pressure medications during the day according to prescription treatment. At the same time, it is necessary to limit salty eating, not to smoke, avoid anxiety … so that blood pressure stabilizes. If abnormalities persist, it is recommended to go for a check-up earlier than the appointment date for the doctor to adjust the medicine accordingly.
If sysysy blood pressure is high above 160 mmHg, it is necessary to use home-available hypotensive drugs that have been consulted by a doctor before. These are drugs that control fast-starting blood pressure, have a short duration of effect and often have the form of a lozenges or drips under the tongue. During this time, the patient needs to take absolute rest in bed and re-measure blood pressure. In case the blood pressure is still high or at home there is no immediate blood pressure control drug should immediately take the patient to the hospital early.
In any situation where the patient has both sudden hypertension and the above symptoms such as weakness, chest pain, shortness of breath, blurred vision, bleeding, stopping, sterrying, it is necessary to take it to the emergency department of the nearest hospital for timely intervention.
4. How to prevent sudden hypertension?
Hypertension is a lifelong chronic pathology. Blood pressure index will be kept stable if the patient adheres to treatment, take the medicine correctly and periodically re-examine.
In addition, patients also actively prevent factors that promote hypertension. Some people find that blood pressure is stabilizing so subjectively do not take blood pressure medications or forget medications, leading to a re-increase in blood pressure. Others are caused by overuse of painkillers or taking additional medicines for flu, inflammation…. The next cause of a sudden increase in blood pressure is smoking or having an overly salty diet high in salt and saturated fats. In addition, blood pressure will also be higher if we have anxiety, stress, insomnia, taking stimulating drinks such as tea, coffee, beer, alcohol,…
In summary, sudden hypertension is a phenomenon that needs to be taken very seriously because it can lead to dangerous vascular events. Keeping a habit of regularly monitoring the blood pressure of yourself and your loved ones at home, knowing how to handle sudden hypertension will help protect health, avoid unfortunate consequences that may occur.
For patients at risk of hypertension and patients with signs of hypertension, a medical examination at the hospital is extremely important to be aware of their blood pressure status, thereby making timely interventions. Hypertension examination package at Share99 International Health Hub is implemented to address this desire of patients. Share99's leading cardiologist will take the necessary examinations to determine the causes, complications and levels of hypertension with the most accurate results.
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