Instructions for proper eye hygiene

The article was consulted professionally by Specialist I Nguyen Thi Bich Ty – Eye Specialist General Surgeon – Share99 Nha Trang International Health Hub.

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Dirt, chemicals that accidentally catch the eye or rust in the eyes will make you uncomfortable, sometimes very painful. Quickly clean your eyes properly on a case-by-case pace that can limit damage and preserve your vision.

1. For chemicals

Eye hygiene guidelines vary from case to case and the cause of eye impact. In life, there are many household chemicals that pose a risk of damaging your eyes. Such as:

  • Bleach, detergent, fabric rinse;
  • Sewer cleaners;
  • Fertilizers, insecticides;
  • Dishwashing soap;
  • Glass wipes, floor wipes;
  • Beauty products, baths, cosmetics, hair styling;
  • Lime products such as gypsum and cement.

The first step to eye hygiene in this case is to remove the chemical from the eyes as soon as possible. Specifically:

  • Wash your eyes with cool water or salt solution immediately for at least 15 minutes. If you wear contact lenses, remove them and continue washing your eyes.
  • After washing, call the medical hotline and present the situation just happened to get advice on what to do next. For cosmetics such as soap and shampoo, it is common for you to wash your eyes with water usually in accordance with the instructions on the packaging label.
  • If the paramedics at the hotline ask you to go to the emergency room, bring a chemical container so that doctors know and give the correct solution.


Rinse your eyes immediately with water or diluted saline solution

2. Pus or mucus

Pus or mucus (rust / ghèn) can dry into a layer that causes itching or discomfort. You may be blamed for colds, allergies or red eye pain. Obstruction of the tear glands or problems with the oil glands in the eyelids also produce pus or mucus in the eye.

Instructions for proper eye hygiene in this case are as follows:

  • Step 1: Remove the dried layers;
  • Step 2: Place a warm and damp towel on closed eyes for a few minutes;
  • Step 3: Dip the towel in warm water again to prepare to remove the mucus;
  • Step 4: Use a cotton swab or an angle of the towel that has been soaked in warm water, close your eyes gently from the inside out corner;
  • Step 5: Repeat the above step with a new cotton swab or the uns used part of the towel until the eyes are clean.


  • Wash your hands before and after performing eye hygiene;
  • Adjust the water temperature just warm enough, do not use hot water. The eyes, eyelids and skin around the eyes are very sensitive, prone to burning.
  • Prevent infection by using new wipes at a time, especially in case of infection (red eye pain). Use two different wipes in both eyes so as not to transmit germs from one eye to the other.

3. Dirt or debris

Occasionally, the wind can sweep away dirt or sand that flies into your face, more annoying than when they catch your eye. The steps to properly clean the eyes for this situation are:

  • Take advantage of your tears: Gently pull the upper eyelid down, pressing it over the lower eyelashes. Winked a few times. This will make you tear, while dragging the dirt out.
  • Wash with water: You can also wash your eyes with cool water from a hose. Blink with clean water until it feels good and foreign objects have drifted out.
  • Wipe the eyes: If you can see the piece of dust on your eyeball, try to remove it by gently wiping it with a wet towel. Do not poke deeply and stop the impact if the foreign object is trapped in the eye.

Note that it is not recommended to rub it hard outside as this may push dirt or debris deeper into your eyes.

wipe the eyes

Wipe your eyes gently with a towel so that dirt falls out

4. Other cases

In addition to eye damage, people should also clean their eyes daily, especially after going out, before small eyes or after makeup. It is possible to clean the eyes regularly following these steps:

  • Wash your hands before doing so;
  • Small physiological saline NaCl 0.9% (available in pharmacies);
  • Use medical gauze or clean wipes to wipe the eyes from the inside out, from top to bottom;
  • Use a clean cotton swab to rub the eyelash legs;
  • Clean each eye individually, do not share towels or gauze for both eyes to avoid inflammation.

Note, it is not recommended to have a strong impact when cleaning the eyes, as well as to make your own saline to wash your eyes because of improper concentration and not ensuring hygiene.

5. When to go to the doctor?

You may need medical attention if you feel:

  • Difficulty seeing or opening eyes;
  • Pain;
  • The white lenses of the eyes are red;
  • Sensitivity to light;
  • Relentless tearing;
  • It is impossible to remove dirt or foreign objects from the eyes on their own.

Performing proper eye hygiene steps not only helps the eyes to run out of discomfort, more cleanliness, but also prevents certain diseases such as lash inflammation, conjunctivitis or vision damage. To get healthy eyes, people also need to pay attention to good nutrition for the eyes and regularly practice proper sports.

Dr. Nguyen Thi Bich Ty has nearly 10 years of experience in eye specialism. Treatment of internal eye diseases as well as eye surgeries such as: Flesh dreaming, Eyelash lashes, lashes, Glocom and cataract surgery by Phaco method. In addition, it is also treated for retinopathy Diabetes mellitus by intracular anti-VEGF injection and eye reconstruction surgery. Currently, the doctor is an Eye Doctor in the Department of Medical Examination and Internal Medicine at Share99 Nha Trang International Health Hub.

Customers can register for examination and treatment, surgery for eye diseases at Share99 International Health Hub by going to Share99 Health Systems nationwide or registering online HERE.


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About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


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