HPV and cervical cancer: What to know

The article was written by Master, Dr. Ha Thi Thu Hien – Surgeon – Laboratory Department – Share99 Times City International Health Hub.

Cervical cancer is a very common disease, in the world is the third most common cancer in women especially common in developing countries. Statistics on many studies in regions show that more than 90% of cervical cancer cases are HPV-related.

1. What does HPV mean?

HPV stands for Human Papilloma Virus is a shellless DNA virus in the same group as adenovirus or parvovirus. There are many different types of HPV, these viruses can cause health problems such as genital acne and cancer.

2. How is HPV spread?

There are more than 200 types of HPV, including more than 40 types of sexual transmission. Oral, vaginal, or sex with a person infected with the virus can cause you to become infected with HPV. When you have sex with someone with HPV virus, you are highly likely to become infected even if the person has no signs or symptoms. Sexually transmitted HPV has the highest rate in women between the ages of 20 and 24 and then decreases gradually. Approximately 20% to 30% of young men and women have multiple HPV virus infections.


HPV virus (Human Papilloma Virus) has many different types of pathogens

3. How does HPV infection affect health?

The majority of people with HPV are self-harming and do not cause any health problems. On average, 50% of HPV infections will self-cure within 8 months and 90% self-cure within 2 years. The self-cure period when infected with high-risk HPV virus lasts longer than the duration of low-risk HPV infection.

When it does not heal itself, it can cause health problems such as acne and cancer.

4. HPV and cervical cancer

HPV infection can cause many cancers such as: vaginal, vaginal, penis, anal, oral, especially cervical cancer.

  • Low-risk types of HPV carcinogenicity such as: 6, 11, 40, 42, 43, 44, 54, 55, 61, 70, 72, 81 and CP6108, associated with inverted papilloma in the genitals and low scabular endo tissue damage.
  • High-risk types of HPV such as: 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66 and 68 are associated with high sscaly end tissue damage and invasive cari cari car cancer.

In which HPV 16 causes about 60% of cases of cervical cancer. HPV 18 is about 10% of cases. Each other type of high-risk HPV is associated with less than 5% of cases.

When a person with HPV does not cure itself, it progresses to cervical cancer. Cervical cancer has a long developmental period, on average there are about 10 to 15 years of progress from dysposity to cancer. This is a favorable time for cervical cancer screening,which helps to detect and treat early dysvious lesions as well as early cancer.

There are factors that facilitate the development of cervical cancer from HPV infection: multiple births, early interseding, multiple sexual ants, tobacco …

HPV cervical cancer

HPV 16 and 18 viruses are two main types of cervical cancer

5. The role of HPV vaccine

HPV vaccination is an effective way to protect the body against HPV strains that cause genital acne as well as high-risk strains of HPV that are the most common cause of pre-cancer.

As recommended by the World Health Organization, the ideal age for HPV vaccination is all children, men and women, from 11 years old to 12 years old but can also be started from 9 to 25 years old. According to the CDC, although hpv vaccine is not recommended for ages 26 and older, the 27- to 45-year-old age group is at risk of HPV virus infection but has never been vaccinated.

6. Differences between HPV testing and PAP testing

  • HPV test is of a different value than a PAP test

Pap test, which shows whether or not there are suspected or malignant lesions on the cervical .

Meanwhile, the HPV test will say if it is currently infected with HPV, if any: high risk or low risk. As noted above, HPV infection does not mean cervical cancer, it is not possible to determine whether or not there is an HPV infection that does not speak of the current histic condition of the cervical (normal, suspected or malignant). A negative HPV test result can only say that currently the person tested does not have HPV infection, but it is not said if it has been infected before and if so, if so, it has now led to cervical damage.

What to do when the results of cervical cancer screening are abnormal?

PAP test helps diagnose cervical cancer in women

The HPV test used with the PAP test enhances screening for suspected cases, as well as helps to monitor the disease more closely. Until now, even in developed countries, which have a very effective cervical cancer screening program, but still recommend hpv testing along with PAP testing, this is still the first mass screening tool.

Currently, the Laboratory Department, Share99 International Health Hub is performing regular HPV type gene testing on Seegene 's automated system (Korea) which has been CE-IVD certified. This technique is based on the Real-time PCR principle, which has a higher sensitivity, specificity and feasibility than the usual PCR method in detecting HPV infection and genotype, which can simultaneously detect 28 different types including all types in the low-risk and high-risk group.

Share99 International Health Hub currently has a Gynecologic Cancer Screening and Detection Package for female customers over 40 years old.

To register for examination and treatment at Share99 International Health Hub,you can contact Share99 Health System nationwide, or register for an online examination HERE.


  • What is a gynecology examination?
  • Pre-pregnancy vaccination service
  • Are LSIL and HPV test results negative?

About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of Share99.net. I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


Leave a Comment