Article written by Doctor of Urology Department, Share99 Central Park International Health Hub
As in women, HPV virus can produce genital warts in men in the genital area. Although not so common, some HPV viruses in men also put gentlemen at risk of genital cancer.
1. What are genital warts (HPV)?
Human Papiloma Virus (HPV) is a common virus. Most sexually active people will be infected with HPV at some point in their lives.
There are more than 40 types of HPV transmitted through sexual contact. These types can infect the genital area of men, including the upper skin and the area around the penis or anus. The virus can also infect the mouth and throat.
2. How do men become infected with HPV?
HPV is transmitted through sexual contact, most commonly during and vaginal sex. HPV can also be transmitted during oral sex. Since HPV is usually asymptoatic, most men and women can become infected with HPV and transmit the disease without noticing it. HPV may have been infected years ago since they began having sex. Even men with only one sexual girlfriend can still be infected with HPV.
3. What health problems does HPV cause in men?
Most men infected with HPV (in any form) are usually asymptoatic and do not cause any health problems. But some types of HPV can cause genital warts. Others can cause cancer of the penis, anus, or pharynx. The type of HPV that causes genital warts is not the same as the type of HPV that causes cancer. However, cancer is not the same as colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer is more common than cancer and is not caused by HPV.
4. How common are HPV-related health problems in men?
About 1% of sexually active men in the United States have genital warts. Accordingly, cancer of the penis, anus and pharynx is uncommon and only a few of these types of cancer are actually associated with HPV. Every year in the United States, there are about:
400 men have HPV-related penis cancer, about 1,500 men have HPV-related cancer, about 5,600 men have orthrosophageal cancer, but many cases of cancer are associated with tobacco and alcohol use, not hpv-related.
Some men have a higher risk of HPV than others:
- Gay and bisexual men (who have sex with other men) are about 17 times more likely to develop cancer than men who only have sex with women.
- Men with weakened immune systems, including those with HIV, are more likely to develop cancer than other men. Men living with HIV are also at increased risk of severe genital warts that are difficult to treat.
5. Signs and symptoms are HPV in men
Most men with HPV have no symptoms and do not cause any health problems. But for some people, there may be some symptoms and the following signs:
5.1. Genital warts
- One or more nodules on the penis, testicles, groin area, thighs, inside or around the anus.
- Warts can appear alone, grow in groups, float on the surface or have a cauliflower shape. These warts are usually painless.
- Warts may appear within weeks or months of sexual contact with an HPV-infected person.
- Sometimes there are no signs or symptoms.
- bleeding, pain, itching, or discharge.
- Swollen lymph nodes in the anal or groin area.
- Change the habit of going to the bridge or the shape of feces.
5.3. Penis cancer
- Early signs: changes in color, thickened skin, or accumulation of tissue on the penis.
- Late signs: bumps or hard sores on the penis. The lesion is usually painless, but in some cases, can cause pain and bleeding.
5.4. Throat cancer
- Persistent sore throat or ear pain
- Frequent cough
- Pain or difficulty swallowing or shortness of breath
- Weight loss
- Changing voices last more than 2 weeks
- Lumps in the neck
6. Is there an HPV test in men?
Currently, there is no HPV screening test for men. Hpv tests are marketed to screen women for cervical cancer. These tests are not useful for screening for HPV-related cancers or genital warts in men.
- cancer screening is not recommended for men. This is because there is insufficient evidence to determine whether screening can actually prevent cancer. However, some experts recommend an annual cancer screening (anal Pap test) for gay, bisexual men and those infected with HIV because cancer is more common in these subjects.
- No tests have been approved for genital warts screening in men and women. Genital warts are easy to detect. If you think you may have genital warts, visit your doctor for advice.
- There is no test to check a man's generalized "HPV" status. But HPV usually cures itself without causing any health problems. So a person infected with HPV today will most likely not see it again after about a year or two.
- There is no screening test for penis cancer. However, you can check for any abnormalities on the penis, scrotum or around the anus.
See your doctor if you see warts, blisters, sores, white spots, or other abnormal areas of your penis, even if they are painless
7. Is there a cure or cure for HPV?
There are no treatments or cures for HPV. But there are many ways to treat health problems caused by HPV in men.
Genital warts can be treated with medication, removal (surgery), electric combustion or thermotropia. Some treatments can be performed by your doctor when you go to the doctor. Some measures can be taken at home by the person himself. Accordingly, there is no better treatment than one. Warts usually re-appear within a few months. Therefore, the person should know some treatments. Treatment of genital warts does not necessarily reduce the risk of HPV transmission to a sexual friend. If warts are not treated, they can heal on their own, do not change or develop (in size or quantity) and they will not turn into cancer.
Cancer of the penis, anus and pharynx can be treated with surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Most often, there are two or more treatments that are used in combination. Patients should decide which treatments are best for them.
8. Is there a way to reduce the risk of HPV?
The most effective method of preventing HPV is vaccination – HPV (Gardasil) vaccine. Vaccines – vaccines that can protect young men and men against HPV types that often cause genital warts and anal cancer. Vaccine – vaccination is vaccinated 3 doses within six months.
Condoms (if used with any sexual behavior, from start to finish) can reduce the risk of hpv transmission to a sexual companion or HPV-related diseases. But HPV can infect other areas that are not covered by condoms. So condoms may not protect you completely against HPV.
Since HPV is very common and often not visible, the best prevention is not to have sex. Even people with only one lifelong partner can still be infected with HPV, if their partner is infected with HPV.
9. HPV FAQ
9.1. I heard about a new HPV vaccine – can it help me?
If you are 26 years of age or younger, having an HPV vaccine can help protect you from hpv that often causes men's disease. The HPV vaccine (Gardasil) works by preventing four types of common HPV, two of which cause genital warts and two that cause cancer, including anal cancer. The vaccine can protect against newly infected HPV but does not cure previously infected HPV or HPV-related diseases such as genital warts. The vaccine is most effective when vaccinated before having sex for the first time (that is, when the person has not had HPV exposure).
Cdc recommends HPV vaccination for all boys ages 11 to 12, and for men up to 21 years of age who have not been given all three doses. It is also recommended for gay and bisexual men (or any male who have sex with men), and men up to the age of 26 with a weakened immune system (including HIV infection), if they do not receive adequate vaccinations at a young age. This vaccine is safe for all men up to the age of 26, but the most effective is when given at a younger age.
Hpv vaccine is very safe and effective, with no serious side effects. The most common side effect is pain in the arm. Studies show that vaccines can protect people from genital warts and anal cancer. The vaccine may also protect men from other HPV-related cancers, such as penis and pharyngeal cancer, but there has been no study to evaluate these results.
9.2. I just found out my partner has HPV, what does that mean for my health?
A sexual friend can infect you with HPV. If you have been living with that person for a long time, you most likely have HPV infection. Most sexually active people will have HPV at some point in their lives. Although HPV is very common, health problems caused by HPV are less common.
If used with every sexual behavior, from start to finish, condoms can reduce the risk of HPV infection and HPV-related diseases. You can discuss with your doctor about hpv vaccination if you are 26 years of age or younger. Not having sex is the only way to avoid HPV.
If your sexual relationship has genital warts, you should avoid sex until the warts have been treated. You should also regularly check for abnormalities on your penis, such as genital warts. In addition, you can go to medical facilities to be checked for genital warts and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
9.3. What does that mean for our relationship?
A person may have HPV for years before being detected or causing health problems. So there is no way to know if your sexual friend has infected you with HPV, or vice versa. HPV is not a sign that you or your sexual relationship is outside.
9.4. I just found out I have genital warts, what does that mean for me and my partner?
Genital warts can be difficult to cope with, but they are not a threat to your health. People with genital warts can still live normally, as healthy as others.
Since genital warts can be easily transmitted to a sexual friend, you should inform them about this and avoid sexual activity until the warts have disappeared or been removed. There are many ways to protect your sexual friend from HPV infection. You and your spouse may benefit from checking other STDs.
If used with all sexual behaviors, condoms can reduce the likelihood of genital warts. But HPV can infect other areas uns protected. So condoms may not fully protect against HPV.
It is important that your sexual contact discuss your health and risk of sexually transmitted diseases with you. However, it is not clear if there are any benefits to informing a future sexual relationship about having genital warts in the past because it is not known how long a person continues to infect when warts disappear.
Currently in the community, HPV virus is still widely known as a cause of cervical cancer in women. However, both men and women can become infected with HPV and transmit the disease to others without knowing it. HPV infection in men also causes mild to serious health problems, including rooster crests and certain types of cancer. Therefore, men need to understand the signs and risks, as well as how to prevent HPV virus in men effectively.
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