The article was consulted professionally by Specialist I Pham Thi Yen – Obstetrician and Gynecologist – Share99 Hai Phong International Health Hub.
Couvade syndrome describes the condition in which healthy men (with pregnant wives) appear symptoms associated with pregnancy. Although some studies suggest that empathy pregnancy syndrome may be quite common, it has so far not been recognized as a disease or as a mental problem.
1. Manifestations of empathy pregnancy syndrome
Symptoms reported to be associated with sympathetic pregnancy syndrome appear differently from individual to individual and usually appear only during the first and last tri tri months of pregnancy:
- Physical symptoms include: nausea, heartburn, abdominal pain, flatulence, changes in taste, respiratory problems, toothache, crampsin the legs , back pain, irritation of the urinary tract or genital area.
- Psychiatric symptoms include: changes in sleep, anxiety, depression , decreased libido and restlessness.
2. Prevalvalm of empathy pregnancy syndrome
Empathy pregnancy syndrome appears in men all over the world. The results of studies show that the incidence of appearance varies in different geographical locations, in the United States alone, the syndrome of sympathetic pregnancy occurs in 25% to 52% of men with pregnant wives, while in Sweden it is 20% and Thailand is estimated to be up to 61%.
3.Assumption of the cause of emay consyed pregnancy syndrome
Empathy pregnancy syndrome has so far remained a mystery. There have been a series of different assumptions made to explain the causes of emay pregnancy syndrome. Besides the hypo assumes of psychosymity and psychosymity, assumptions about the emotions of the man with the child that is about to be born, the effects of hormones are also given in order to explain the syndrome of emay pregnancy.
3.1 Psychoa psychoalymic assumptions
The psychosymic assumption that emay pregnancy syndrome is rooted in men's appetite for female fertility. According to this assumption, the wife's pregnancy is the catalyst that rekindles and gives rise to oedipe conflicts in the husband. The pregnant wife causes the husband to go back in time, returning to emotions from childhood, causing conflicts with his wife's own pregnancy, such as feelings of rejection, neglect, contradictions and anxiety, with increasing passonance and dependence on fetal development ,which goes against the man's own will of autonomy.
In addition to the above assumption, psycholysymia also has a second assumption, given that the future father sometimes considers the fetus to be a competitor to his wife's interest. This assumption suggests that it is also possible that emulative pregnancy syndrome is a protective mechanism in men, which allows the man to recognize his wife is pregnant, and promotes the instinct to protect the wife and children of the husband, the future father.
3.2 Psycho-social assumptions
The psycho-social assumption is that during pregnancy and childbirth, men are less noticeable, especially men with first-time pregnant wives. Motherhood is a woman's goddess, which is given special importance by society, prioritized in work, society, health, in stark contrast to what the man who is about to be a father receives. Since the 1970s men have had more access to the process of childbirth of their wives, but therefore, many husbands feel less noticeable than their wives, some even develop feelings of self-use. As a way of reacting to this condition, during the wife's pregnancy, the man appears manifestations of empathy pregnancy syndrome to attract (in an un intention) the interest of the wife.
3.3 Assumption of transition and crisis
The transitional assumption that the transition period into a father is likely to be of a medical nature, is associated with high stress when there is a breakthrough conflict inside the man. The transition period between the family relationship from husband – wife (2 people) to father – mother – child (3 people) is one of the extremely crisis for the future father. This may be due to the fact that the man accepts his wife's pregnancy but does not appear physical changes to make the man see this as true. The man does not have biological signs during the transition period into a future father, which is different from the process of becoming a mother of a woman. This causes many internal conflicts within the man, including jealousy, competition with the child about to give birth, aggravated conflict conflicts, and manifestations of empathy pregnancy syndrome that appear from it.
3.4 The thex of changes in hormones
Empathy pregnancy syndrome also seems to have a link with hormones, but there are still rare studies of this connection, only 2 studies have been published, one in 2000 and another in 2001. The results of both studies showed a marked increase in levels of the hormones prolactin and estrogen, as well as a decrease in testosterone and cortisol levels in the first tri trister and the last tri month of pregnancy in the husband. Changes in hormone concentration are associated with changes in the behavior of the future father as well as symptoms of empathy pregnancy syndrome (fatigue, changes in taste, weight gain).
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Article reference source: Mayoclinic.org
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