Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease that is commonly caused by parasites. About 70% of infected people do not have any signs or symptoms. When trichomoniasis causes symptoms, they can range from mild irritation to severe inflammation. The on-the-start period of symptomatic symptoms lasts from 5 to 28 days after infection with trichomoniasis.
1. Causes of Trichomonas Disease
Trichomonas (also known as Trich) is a sexually transmitted disease caused by trichomoniasis of Trichomonas vagis. Although there are many different symptoms, most people infected with this parasite do not know they are sick. The disease is transmitted from person to person through genital contact during sexual contact. Trichomonas vagis parasites are not transmitted through normal physical contact such as hugging, kissing, sharing dishes or sitting on a pedestal.
Due to trichomoniasis in the genital tract, for women, Trichomonas vagis causes vagisitis, urethritis or both. In men, Trichomonas vagis cause infection only in the urethra. Once an infection of the urinary tract has been infected, this parasite can easily spread to others when having uns secure sex.
2. Symptoms of Trichomonas infection
Many women and most men with trichomoniasis are asymptotic, at least not at first infected with this parasite.
Symptoms in women include:
- Foul-smelling vaginal secretion and the secretion may be white, gray, yellow or green
- Redness in the genitals, burning and itching
- Pain during urination or sex
Trichomonas rarely cause symptoms in men. However, when men have signs and symptoms, it is possible that:
- Irritation inside the penis
- Feeling burning during urination or after ionling
- The penis has urethral discharge.
See your doctor if you have a bad vaginal volume or are hurt during urination or sex.
3. Risk factors for the disease
Factors that increase the likelihood of Infection with Trichomonas include:
- Sex with multiple people
- Have had other sexually transmitted diseases
- Have had Trichomonas infections
- Sex does not use condoms.
4. Pregnant women infected with trichomoniasis
Pregnant women infected with trichomoniasis can:
- Premature birth
- Giving birth to a light-weight child
- Transmission of the disease to the child during normal birth
- Being infected with trichomoniasis also leaves women vulnerable to the HIV virus.
5. Prevention of trichomoniasis
Like other sexually transmitted diseases, the only way to prevent trichomoniasis is to abstain from sex and to reduce the risk, use condoms properly during all sexual contact.
For women it is not recommended to dosing the vagina, since when doning will disrupt the bacterial balance that is in the vagina and eliminate some useful bacteria, which increases the risk of women suffering from sexually transmitted diseases.
6. Diagnosis of trichomoniasis
Because the symptoms of trichomoniasis are similar to other sexually transmitted diseases, it is difficult to diagnose, relying solely on symptoms through the patient and the doctor. Therefore, in addition to physical examination, the doctor will prescribe the following tests:
- Cell culture
- Antigen and antibody tests
- Dna testing for Trichomonas
- Take specimens from vaginal discharge (for females) or from the urethra (for men) to look for Trichomonas parasites under a microscope .
7. Treatment of trichomoniasis
Common treatment regimens for trichomoniasis, including for pregnant women, take one of two drugs: metronidazole (Flagyl) or tinidazole (Tindamax). In some other cases, the doctor may recommend lower doses of metronidazole with a frequency of twice a day and for seven days.
During treatment, both the patient and the patient's sexuality need to be treated. Both need to avoid sex until they are cured, which on average takes about a week.
Do not drink alcohol for 24 hours after taking metronidazole or 72 hours after taking tinidazole, since drinking alcohol is accompanied by medications that cause severe nausea and vomiting.
After that, the doctor will reschedule the patient for re-examination after treatment from two weeks to three months to make sure the patient has cured and is not reinfected.
In order to help customers detect and treat gynecologic diseases early, Share99 International Health Hub has a basic gynecologicexamination and screening package, helping customers detect inflammatory diseases early, making treatment easy and inexpensive. Screening for early detection of gynecologic cancer (Cervical cancer) even if there are no symptoms.
The basic gynecology examination and screening package for female clients, with no age limit and possible symptoms as follows:
- Abnormal bleeding of the vaginal area
- Menstrual problems: abnormally long cycles, irregular menstruation
- Abnormal vaginal translation (bad smell, unusual color)
- Pain, itching of the closed area
- Female customers have a few risk factors such as bad personal hygiene, unsafe sex, abortion,…
- Female customers have other symptoms such as abnormal vaginal discharge, itching, pain in the closed area, abnormal vaginal bleeding.
For direct advice, please click hotline number or register online HERE. In addition, you can register for remote consultation HERE
Reference source: Healthline.com; Mayoclinic.org
- All you need to know about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
- Real-Time PCR test in diagnosis of certain sexually transmitted diseases
- Spoiled gas and white blood: What to know