Is hypothmemia in babies dangerous?

The article was consulted professionally by Master, Dr Phan Thi Cam Van – Doctor of Infants –
Pediatrics – Newborn – Share99 Da Nang International Health Hub

Blood glucose is the amount of sugar that moves in the bloodstream and provides energy for the life activity of all cells in the body. In rare cases, blood sugar levels may drop too low and cause newborn hypotenemia.

1. What is hypothmemia in babies?

Glucose is the main source of fuel for the brain and body. Hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels are too low.

In babies, low blood sugar can occur for a variety of reasons. Whatever the reason, the consequences of infant hypotensive can cause iternary permanent brain damage if not detected early and intervene, even affecting the child's life.

2. What causes hypotensive in babies?

Hypothwaymicemia in babies can be a consequence of the following conditions:

  • The nutritional source of the maternity is too poor during pregnancy.
  • Taking too much insulin because the mother has poorly controlled diabetes mellitus
  • Incompated mother and baby blood type (severe hematoma in newborns)
  • Insulin levels in the baby's blood are too high for different reasons, such as pancreatic tumours
  • Birth defects
  • Congenital conversion disease or endormonal deficiency
  • Insufficient oxygen at birth (asphyxiation)
  • Congenital liver disease
  • Severe infection

In addition, babies are at very high risk of hypotensive if there are factors:

  • Baby born to mother with diabetes
  • Underweight
  • Premature and extremely premature babies
  • Babies born to mothers are treated with certain drugs such as terbutaline
  • Older children

Infant respiratory failure, premature birth

Babies born prematurely can pose a risk of hypoglycemia

3. What are the symptoms of hypotensive in babies?

Signs when blood sugar levels are low may not be obvious in newborns. However, the most common signs include:

  • Trembling
  • Purple skin and lips
  • There is a prolonged apnea
  • Low body temperature(hypothermia)
  • Softened muscles (poor muscle pressure)
  • Poor feeding
  • Lack of flexibility, indifference
  • Convulsions

Signs of newborn hypothwaymemia may depend on other health conditions. Therefore, it is only necessary to observe that the child has one of the above signs or has any abnormal signs, especially on children who are having risk factors, it is necessary to soon suspect newborn hypotensive and intervene in a timely manner until this diagnosis is completely excluded.

Breastfeeding mothers with dengue will not be able to infect their babies

Babies who breastfeed poorly with newborn hypoth glucose

4. How to diagnose hypotensive in newborns?

A simple blood test to determine blood sugar levels is able to diagnose this problem quickly and clearly.

For babies at high risk of infant hypotensive, blood tests should be taken to measure blood sugar levels every few hours after birth. This is completely done easily at the bed using a drop of blood taken at the heel. This intensation should be continued as risk factors improve and blood glucose levels ensure stability at least for the next 12 to 24 hours.

5. How is hypotensive in babies treated?

The treatment of newborn hypotensive will depend on the gestational age, the overall health of the baby and will be carried out quickly as soon as there are signs of suspicion without a firm diagnosis.

Treatment consists of providing the baby with a fast-action source of glucose. This can be done simply with a mixture of glucose and water or breastfeeding the baby with formula. In case the child cannot be sucked due to stop and separation, the child should be given intravenous glucose infusion.

After that, the child's blood glucose levels still need to be checked periodically after treatment so that the type from newborn hypotensive occurs once more.

Note when making baby formula

Glucose mixture will be mixed into baby's milk

6. Is infant hypotensive dangerous?

Newborn hypotensive conditions are extremely dangerous due to the difficulty of early detection and its severe consequences if not intervened in a timely manner.

The brain needs blood glucose to function. Since this is the only source of energy for brain cells to function, when there is insufficient glucose, the cells switch to anaerobic metabolism, producing products that are disadvantageous and can be toxic to the brain. Even severe or prolonged hypothwaymemia can cause seizures and serious brain injuries.

At this time, the child's neurological functions will no longer be guaranteed. Children are prone to seizures, developmental in the first years of life as well as may be at risk of long-term problems in learning, developing skills as they get older …

Pediatric examination, pre-vaccination examination

Parents should take their child to see a doctor for a timely visit

7. What to do to prevent hypotensive in babies?

In the vast majority of cases, there may often be no way to prevent hypotenemia in babies.

For a baby with available risk factors, more attention should be paid to the adequate supply of nutrients. At the same time, it is necessary to show parents or caregivers how to carefully monitor for signs of hypoth glucose, how to measure blood glucose at home and treat it as soon as possible.

For women with diabetes, blood glucose levels should be kept at normal levels during pregnancy. This will help reduce the risk of hypothermia in the fetus after birth.

In summary, hypoglycemia in babies is a condition where blood glucose levels are lower than normal. Babies are at higher risk if they are born to a mother who has diabetes, is born prematurely, or is pregnant beyond the day. At this time, when the child showssigns of newborn hypoglycemia , immediately give the baby formula or a mixture of glucose and water to improve blood sugar levels, preventing long-term unfortunate brain damage.

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  • Newborn diabetes: What to know
  • Subjects at risk for newborn hypoth glucose
  • Hypothwaymicemia in babies: Signs and treatment

  • Hypothwaymicemia in babies: Signs and treatment
  • Hypertension – Hypoth glucose in babies: How to treat
  • Subjects at risk for newborn hypoth glucose

About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


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