The article was consulted professionally by Specialist Doctor II Pham Thi Xuan Minh – Obstetrics and Gynecology Department – Share99 Hai Phong International Health Hub.
Female hormones testing is an important step in assessing the health of reproduction in women. However, not everyone understands the normal limits of these female hormones.
1. Overview of female end hormones testing
Female end hormones are the implementation of small tests to assess the functioning as well as the ability of the ovaries to reserve the ovules. Female enderthormonal tests give doctors a basis for diagnosing endemakers, assessing reproduction function and early detection of the risk of infertility (if any), thereby having timely treatment directions.
The doctor recommends that women conduct female hormones tests every 6 months to be able to control and monitor their sexual health situation.
In particular, female endococular testing may be considered mandatory for women who experience menstrual disorders or are preparing for in vismation ,…
2. What are the indicators of female hormones?
Female hormonal tests usually consist of 7 types of tests mainly estrogen, testosterone, Progesterone,FSH, LH, Prolactin, AMH.
2.1 Estrogen tests
Estrogen is an important hormone in females, taking on the role of regulates the production process in the ovaries. Estrogens secreted by follicles help activate the reproduction cycle. Estrogen has 3 main forms:
- Estrone (E1)
- Estradiol (E2): the most concerned because it is considered the most common form of estrogen. Too high levels of E2 in the blood can lead to many effects on a woman's body such as menstrual cycle disorders, hair loss, headaches and even increased risk of breast cancer. Besides, the spiritual life such as emotions and psychology of a woman also changes such as erratic emotions, or discomfort, irritability.
- Estriol (E3): This form of Estrogen usually appears in pregnant women. The E3 test can help monitor and detect abnormal signs of fetal health.
2.2 Testosterone tests
Most often, Testosterone is the most common form of hormone in men. However, in the body of the testosteron woman also exists with a certain concentration. Testosterone plays a role in the development of the muscle system, bones, and at the same time conditioning sexual desire in females.
2.3 Progesterone test
Progesterone has the ability to inhibit the process of ripening and ovulation. At the same time this is a hormone that stimulates the development of the mammary glands and lining of the uterus.
Progesterone testing is usually in place for pregnant women (especially suspected cases of analgesic pregnancy, abnormal development of the fetus, high risk of miscarriage) or people with menstrual problems.
Progesterone levels for pregnant women should be maintained at a higher level than usual. In normal women, the manifestations of decreased libido, chest pain, depression, fatigue, acne can be symptoms of too high progesterone.
2.4 FSH tests
FSH is a hormone secreted by the front lobe of the sed back of the gland. This hormone plays a role in stimulating the development of oocysts and the process of oocysts secreting estrogen. Cases with excessively high levels of FSH may be a sign of polycystic ovary syndrome.
2.5 LH testing
As one of the most important hormones in the female hormonal system, LH stimulates the ovaries to release the hormone E2. When the concentration of LH in the body has an abnormal decrease, it can cause menstrual disorders, directly affect the ovulation process, and increase the risk of polycystic ovary syndrome even causing infertility.
2.6 Prolactin test
Prolactin is produced by the pit glands and plays an important role in the process of milking in the woman. Women in the period of breastfeeding often have high levels of Prolactin, which is considered a natural contraceptive.
However, for normal women, prolactin levels exceeding the threshold can lead to infertility because Prolactin is a form of hormone capable of inhibiting birth hormones by preventing ovulation.
2.7 AMH tests
Currently, AMH testing is one of the tests that can assess fertility and support rare treatment in the most effective way.
Amh levels in the blood that are too high or too low are not good. For women doing in vi vism in vism fertilization, if the AMH concentration is too low will reduce the effectiveness of the drug's response. On the contrary, the woman may experience ovarian overs stimulating eggs that lead to infertility if the AMH concentration is too high.
3. Normal limits of female hormones indicators
Each female hormones index will have different normal limits, namely:
- Estrogen index: from 70 – 220 pmol/L.
- Testosterone index: from 15 – 70 mg/dL.
- Progesterone index: from 5 – 20 ng/mL.
- FSH index: from 1.4 – 9.6 IU/L.
- LH index: from 0.8 – 26 IU/L.
- Prolactin index: from 127 – 637 μU/mL.
- AMH index: from 2 – 6.8 ng/ml.
Dr. Pham Thi Xuan Minh has 30 years of experience in examination and treatment in the field of Obstetrics and Gynecology, especially in the field of Obstetrics and Gynecology, specializing in handling many serious and difficult surgeries.
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