In-administration anesthesia cuts the entire colorectal

The article is consulted professionally by Specialist I Dang The Thanh – Anesthesiist – General Department – Share99 Nha Trang International Health Hub. The doctor has more than 12 years of experience in the field of Resuscitation Anesthesia.

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The large intestine is located at the end of the digestive tract, which contains waste products from the digestive process. The large intestine will consist of 3 main parts: the clues of the colon (including the ileum and appendix), the colon (including the raised colon, the horizontal colon, the down colon, and the Sigma colon) and the rectum. As such, a colonectomy – rectal is a surgical indicality that removes part or all of the large intestine. What effect does this surgery have and does it require in-administration anesthesia during surgery?

1. Learn about colorectal and colorectal surgery

Colorectal surgery is a surgical operation to remove part or all of the large intestine, focusing on damaged or sick parts of the large intestine. This is a large surgery, which is usually in dinhed after conservative treatments do not have an improved health effect.

Rectal and colonectomy is a common treatment in a number of conditions such as:

  • Excess bag disease: the formation of small vesics on the side of the wall of the colon.
  • Enteritis, colitis, Crohn's disease
  • Intestinal damage caused by external injury, perforation of the large intestine, intestinal bleeding …
  • Polyps disease (the formation of excess blocks) – a pre-cancerous condition, especially in the group of subjects with faylene polyp syndrome.
  • Obstruction of the large intestine.
  • Colorectal cancer.

Colorectal Cancer 2

Surgery to remove large intestine to treat colorectal cancer

2. Colorectal surgery techniques

Colorectal and rectal cirrhomy is now carried out in two methods. Doctors will choose the method of surgery depending on the patient's health conditions as well as the condition, including:

  • Open surgery: the doctor will make a long incision on the abdomen and directly remove the damaged/diseased large intestine that has been previously diagnosed.
  • Endoscopy: in this surgery, the doctor will make many small incisions on the abdomen and use special glasses as well as some tools to remove the previously ines specified large intestine. In addition, the doctor will usually make a small incision aimed at taking the products from the abdomen.

3. Is anesthesia required when performing a full colorectal removal surgery?

The answer is yes, both methods of colitar surgery – rectal resomy require general anesthesia during the surgery to minimize the pain to the patient's body. Most often, anesthesia is in place for this type of surgery as in-administration anesthesia.

This technique will provide general anesthesia and, along with in-administration, is aimed at controlling the patient's respiratory tract during surgery as well as post-surgical resuscitation.

In-administration anesthesia

In-administration anesthesia is used to control the patient's breathing during surgery

Regarding the steps taken, the anesthesia process will be carried out in turn according to the following procedure:

3.1. General steps:

  • Place the patient on his back and breathe Oxygen 100% for at least 5 minutes before performing anesthesia.
  • Install monitors and set up transmission lines.
  • If necessary, perform additional pre-anaesthesia operations.

3.2. Infatuated

  • Use sleeping pills such as intravenous anesthesies, vaporizing anesthesia …
  • Analgesgesgesy: morphine, sufentanil, fentanyl …
  • Some patients need additional muscle relaxes.
  • Check the conditions for inngo tradling: the patient must sleep deeply and have sufficient muscle dilation.

3.3. In-in-administration tube lingling

Usually conducted by one of 2 techniques:

  • Insymed administration by mouth.
  • Insymed administration by nasal route.

3.4. Maintain the process of fascination

Anesthesia must be monitored throughout the operation. To maintain the patient's anaesthesia process, doctors will:

  • Continued use of intravenous anesthesies, vaporizing anesthesies, muscle relaxes and analgesic … depending on the specific condition.
  • Control the respiratory process with a machine or squeeze your hands.

4. What should patients prepare before performing anesthesia – surgery for codectomy, rectum?

Before the surgery, the patient should receive an anesthesia at least a few days before the operation. This visit will include multiple blood tests as well as a general health examination. Depending on the age, general health condition and the degree of illness, doctors will decide whether the patient is eligible for surgery.

After the surgical in course, the night before the day of operation and the morning of the operation, the patient needs to bathe with an antiseptic solution.

It should also be noted that the colon is an area that contains waste products and is a favorable environment for bacterial growth, so if they enter the abdomen during surgery it will be possible to cause serious infections.

Betadine

Disinfect patients with Betadine to prevent infection

Therefore, some of the following factors should be noted for the prevention of the above risk:

  • Oral antibiotics should be used within a few days prior to surgery and/or pre-surgery pre-surgery.
  • Clean the colon.
  • In the 2-3 days before surgery, patients must eat soft, liquid foods to help the digestive system work quickly.
  • Within 24 hours before surgery, the patient only drinks water and from midnight before the surgery, the patient must fully fast.
  • Patients must also take medications before the date of surgery. At that time, the patient needs hospitalization and infusion to avoid dehydration due to diarrhea.

In short, a colorectal and cosectomy is a major surgery and to ensure the patient can pass the easiest way, doctors need to have inttomy before performing the surgery. In addition, patients should also follow pre-surgery preparation procedures to ensure efficiency and safety, minimize possible risks/complications after surgery.

Currently, Share99 International Health Hub has introduced a system of modern surgical machines, equipment and anesthesiscopes. With leading specialists, it will bring optimal treatment results, and make the most of dangerous complications that can occur to patients.

For direct advice, please click the HOTLINE number or register online HERE. In addition, you can register for remote consultation HERE

SEE MORE:

  • Laparoscopic surgery to remove the entire colon
  • What size should colon polyps cut?
  • Colon polyps – beware

About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of Share99.net. I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.

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