The article was consulted professionally by Master, Dr. Nguyen Thi Ngoc – General Internal Medicine – Endo noisist – Department of Medical Examination and Internal Medicine – Share99 Central Park International Hospital.
In diabetics, one of the serious complications is calcification of blood vessels. Vascular complications of diabetes put patients at high risk of cardiovascular diseases and death.
1. Vascular complications of diabetes
In patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, when blood glucose levels increase, it will affect both directly and indirectly the entire blood vessels of the body, causing many diseases and contributing to an increase in mortality. Vascular complications of diabetes occur in large blood vessels and small blood vessels. In particular, major vascular complications in diabetics cause atherosclerosis and lead to calcification of medium and large blood vessels, including coronary arteries, peripheral arteries, cerebral vessels, increasing the incidence of diseases associated with these 3 groups of arteries and faster progressing diseases. These complications are caused by hypertension, hypertension and dysle fat disorders.
In diabetics, complications on large blood vessels usually progress early and rapidly, contributing to an increased likelihood of cardiovascular diseases and being a risk factor for myocardial infarction, stroke and increased death.
2. How dangerous is vascular calcification in diabetics?
Calcification of blood vessels caused by atherosclerosis in patients with diabetes mellitus endangers the life of the person, namely:
- Coronary arteries: Increases the incidence of anemia, angina, myocardial infarction and death.
- Peripheral arteries: Clogs the lower part of the artery and calcifications the vessel walls, causing resuscitation pains, necrosis of the veins and can lead to amputation of the veins.
- Cerebral blood vessels: Most of the effects on the arteries outside the skull, causing strokes caused by cerebral hemorrhages, cerebral infarction, sometimes causing isemic attacks, dementia and other vascular diseases.
- In addition, calcification of blood vessels due to atherosclerosis also contributes to erectile dysfunction, foot ulcers. Rarer causes aortic aneurysms, mesenteritis
In particular, calcification of blood vessels in diabetic patients who are female increases the incidence of facing risks including myocardial infarction and stroke.
3. Treatment of vascular complications of diabetes
Major vascular complications in diabetics increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases, so there are many active treatment regimens to prevent complications of primary and primary coronary artery disease before they occur.
Researchers have pointed out that good blood glucose control in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus will help reduce the calcification levels of the walls of arteries, thereby reducing cardiovascular complications.
For the prevention of coronary complications caused by diabetes mellitus, patients are prescribed groups of medications to treat and control hypertension, hypertension and dyslemic disorders, anti-thromboembolytic.
In some diabetics with severe arterial calcification, in combination with other medical diseases such as hypertension, dyslengemia, insulin-resistant diabetes, coronary artery stent placement may be required, however difficult it may be because blood vessels have been severely calcified.
In addition to taking drugs to prevent and control blood glucose, patients need to combine lifestyle changes, adherence to a strict diet and lifestyle to prevent dangerous complications of the disease.
Atherosclerosis calcification in patients with diabetes mellitus is one of the serious complications, affecting the health and life of the person.
At Share99 International Health Hub, there is a screening package for diabetes mellitus, dyslerdemia to help detect pre-diabetes early, accurately categorise diabetes type, build nutrition, monitor and minimize risks and complications caused by diabetes.
To register for examination and treatment at Share99 International Health Hub, you can contact Share99 Health System nationwide, or register for an online examination HERE
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