Prevention of asthma in young children

Bronchial asthma in children is chronic inflammation of the airways, accompanied by increased response to suffocation and obstruction of the respiratory tract. To reduce inflammation and prevent symptoms, patients must take the drug daily for a long time – called proculative treatment.

1. Overview of asthma in children

Bronchial asthma (asthma) is a chronic respiratory infection, whichleads to obstruction of the airways accompanied by symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, chest henghea and coughing. Cough usually appears no night and near morning, or after physical exertion. In addition to respiratory inflammation, this condition also causes an excessive reaction of the bronchi to the stimulants, causing the asthma attack to recur. The pathology mechanisms of asthma are:

  • Bronchitis: Occurs when allergies penetrate the body, create an allergic reaction, at the same time that inflammatory cells release inflammatory mediator chemicals;
  • Increased over-reaction in the bronchi: Appears after the body is exposed to sty stimulating (allergic or non-) triggers, which leads to bronchial smooth muscle spasms.

For early detection of asthma in children, parentsshould take their children to see a doctor as soon as they see that they have the following manifestations:

  • Cough, especially no-night cough, cough disrupts sleep;
  • Coughing or wheezing after exercising, playing sports, running;
  • Seasonal wheezing, when the weather changes;
  • Coughing, wheezing or shortness of breath after contact with pollen, animal hair,…;
  • With a cold that lasts more than 10 days, the symptoms will decrease if bronchodilators are used.

Coughing young children

Bronchial asthma causes coughing attacks in children

Bronchial asthma is an incurable disease and will follow the patient for life. Even if the person feels well, does not show any symptoms, the airways can still become inflamed and shortness of breath will appear again when encountering the oncing effect. However, proper treatment can help to control asthma attacks more stable and children with the disease will lead a normal life.

2. Causes of asthma in children

The exact causes of asthma in children areunknown, but most experts believe that there are two main risk factors for the disease:

  • Allergic muscles of family origin;
  • The person has been exposed to a number of environmental factors: Inhalation of tobacco smoke, viruses, or heterogens (pollen, animal hair, mold,…).

In addition, the triggers – the factors that put people at risk of developing a true asthma attack, include:

  • Changes in weather, humidity, temperature;
  • Smog;
  • Exertion when exercising or children playing excessively;
  • Strong emotions, too happy or sad;
  • Active or active smoking;
  • Cold infections or viral infections, especially VRS respiratory myblastitis viruses.


Inhalation of tobacco smoke can cause asthma in children

3. Prevention of asthma in children

The key point of bronchial asthma is allergic airway inflammation. It is this inflammation that causes recurrent asthma attacks. If inflammation is not controlled, in the long run the bronchial wall may thicken, leading to isentoid bronchial stenosis and poor response to therapeutic drugs.

Therefore, the purpose of bronchial asthma prevention in children and treatment is to control the inflammatory process, while reducing the over-reaction of the airways to the stimulant.

3.1. The purpose of backup treatment

Prevention of asthma in children and scientific treatment will bring obvious benefits, not only limiting the number of asthma attacks, but even the person may no longer have asthma attacks. The purpose of backup treatment is to help the child:

  • No more asthma symptoms when resting or playing sports;
  • Maintain normal lung function;
  • Reduces no-night cough so as not to have to wake up when sleeping;
  • Control acute asthma attacks;
  • Limit to the lowest levels of side effects of drugs for acute asthma exacerbation;
  • Prevents and alleviates airway damage.

Without prophyphyphysical treatment, each time an acute asthma attack occurs, the child may be hospitalized with bronchodilators and corticosteroid anti-inflammatory drugs(prednisolon or solumedrol)for 7-10 days at high doses and at risk of causing systemic side effects.

Night cough

No-night cough in a child

3.2. Principles of treatment

Some principles in the prevention of asthma in children and treatment are:

  • Take anti-inflammatory drugs and smooth muscle relaxes of the airways to control symptoms, enhance respiratory function;
  • The drug must be taken daily and for a long time;
  • The drug is selected based on the mild severeness of asthma, history in young children and peak lung supply in older children;
  • Commonly used medications are inhaled Corticosteroids,prolonged-effects bronchodilators or anti-leucotrien drugs.

In particular, the age of the patient and the mild weight of the asthma attack are one of the principles of developing a regimen for asthma prevention. Specifically for children younger than 5 years old, asthma treatment has some characteristics as follows:

  • Assess the severity of asthma beyond the attack (based on history);
  • Step by step the treatment is similar to that of children over 5 years of age, but not theophylline;
  • Take Montelukast as an anti-leucotrien.

Inhaled corticosteroids

Treatment of asthma in children needs to follow the correct regimen

3.3. Some notes

During the prevention of asthma in children and drug treatment, patients should note:

  • Inhaled corticoid prevention is the most effective direction of asthma treatment;
  • The drug should be used daily, as prescribed by the doctor depending on the mild severeness of the asthma attack;
  • The assessment of the condition will be based on clinical and measurement of lung function – peak output;
  • Do not voluntarily discontinue the drug for backup treatment when the symptoms are gone;
  • Antibiotics are not used in the treatment of asthma, except in cases of bacterial infections.

In addition to taking drugs for prevention and bronchodilators, environmental control and monitoring of lung function using peak supply measurement are also key components of asthma prevention in children and treatment.

Asthma in children is incurable, but can be controlled if prophyphysic treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs (steroids) and prolonged bronchodilators is applied scientifically. The asthma treatment regimen is constantly updated, so parents should only get an overview of asthma in children and how to treat them for reference, in addition to absolutely complying with the doctor's decree.

Share99 Times City Pediatrics

Parents should take the child to a medical facility as soon as abnormal symptoms appear

The pediatrics department at Share99 International Health Hub is the address to receive and examine the diseases that babies as well as young children are susceptible to: Viral fever, bacterial fever, otitis media, pneumonia in children,… With modern equipment, ile space, minimize the impact as well as the risk of spreading the disease. Along with that is the dedication from experienced doctors to pediatric patients, making the examination no longer a concern of parents.

Customers can directly go to Share99 Health System nationwide for examination or contact the hotline here for assistance.


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About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


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