Treatment of severe malnutrition in children

The state of emergency malnutrition in children is increasing. The disease needs to be detected in a timely manner for early and effective treatment, otherwise it will lead to life-threatening.

1. What is severe malnutrition?

Chronic malnutrition is a medical condition in which the body does not receive enough energy and protein on demand due to lack of supply or pathology, causing the child to lose weight quickly stunted or edema.

If the child is acutely malnourished, the risk of death is 5-20 times higher than that of a normal child and can be a direct cause of death in the child or may play an indirect role in rapidly increasing the risk of death in children with common diseases such as diarrhea and pneumonia.

2. Treatment of severe malnutrition in children

For the treatment of severe malnutrition it is necessary to consider the extent, there are 3 levels of malnutrition: the degree of mild malnutrition, moderate malnutrition, severe malnutrition.

Treatment of emergency malnutrition has 3 types: Inpatient treatment, outpatient treatment, maintenance treatment. In addition, treatment depends on the appearance of complications as well as the degree of chronic malnutrition.

Signs of malnutrition

Depending on the child's condition for appropriate treatment

2.1 Inpatient treatment

Chronic malnutrition in children with complications and conditions that fall into a serious condition that does not meet outpatient treatment will be treated in hospital. Inpatient treatment is divided into two stages:

The emergency stage for the child when falling into an emergency, is severely damaged. In this case, the child will suffer from hypothermia, hypothermia, electrolytic disorders,bacterial infections, lack of micronutrients. When entering the emergency room, the child will be treated by the doctor the following steps:

  • Step 1: Treatment of hypoth glucose is especially cautious when using intravenously for children.
  • Step 2: Treatment of hypothermia ensures that the child is warm enough, using nutritional treatment.
  • Step 3: Treat dehydration using the product, limiting the rehydration by intravenous infusion.
  • Step 4: Adjust the electrolyeth electrolye balance using a rehydration product with low Na content, the feed should be light.
  • Step 5: Treatment of acutely malnourished children often become infected with fever-causing bacteria, when infected children use antibiotics
  • Step 6: Adjust the deficiency of micronutrients to supplement nutrients such as iron, vitamin A, C.

The transition period for children with chronic malnutrition is the period before transferring patients to outpatient treatment, in order to effectively manage the transfer of the child to the recovery stage, for the child to use nutritional treatment.

vitamin C

Supplement of vitamins and nutrients necessary for children

2.2. Outpatient treatment

Outpatient treatment when the child is severely malnourished but there are no complications, treatment is carried out at the baseline. Children are given medications, including antibiotics, and use of RUTF.

2.3. Maintenance treatment

Severe malnutrition in children with mild conditions without complications. Children are replenished with energy and nutrients that may be lacking in meals. This treatment the child will be vaccinated, dewormed. In addition, the child is checked for weight, height, health care advice.

Give your child deworming pills

Give your child regular deworming

3. Measures to prevent chronic malnutrition in children

  • Enhance communication education to improve nutritional care for mothers and children.
  • Counseling, nutritional care for pregnant women and nursing mothers.
  • Advise and practice supplementary feeding as recommended.
  • Guidance on nutritional care for children with stunted underdeve development.
  • Full scheduled vaccination.
  • Iron supplements, anti-anemia vitamins for pregnant women and children.

The pediatrics department at Share99 International Health Hub is the address to receive and examine the diseases that babies as well as young children are susceptible to: viral fever, bacterial fever, otitis media, pneumonia in children,… With modern equipment, ile space, minimize the impact as well as the risk of spreading the disease. Along with that is the dedication from experienced doctors to pediatric patients, making the examination no longer a concern of parents.

Customers can directly go to Share99 Health System nationwide for examination or contact the hotline HERE for assistance.


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About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


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