Asthma is a disease that cannot be treated definitively, but medications for asthma can control symptoms well. To avoid potentially dangerous complications, patients need regular check-up to closely monitor the progress of the disease.
1. How to treat asthma to be effective?
Asthma is a disease that cannot be thoroughly treated, according to which it also causes many troubles and affects the quality of the patient's health.
Accordingly, the prevention of recurrence and control of symptoms in the long term are decisive factors in stopping the asthma attack before the disease begins. Accordingly, treatments often include identifying the causes of the disease, taking steps to prevent and monitor the breath to ensure that the asthma medication that the patient takes daily is controlling the symptoms. In case of an asthma outbreak, the person may need to use fast-working inhalers, such as albuterol.
2. What are medications for asthma?
Medications for asthma that are well controlled depend on a number of factors such as age, symptoms, asthma triggers and which drugs have the best asthma control effect.
Long-term asthma control prevention drugs reduce symptomatic airway inflammation. Fast-taking inhalers (bronchodilators) have the effect of quickly expanding the swollen airways causing shortness of breath. In some cases, antiallergenic drugs are also essential.
2.1 Long-term asthma control drugs
These are the foundational treatment drugs for asthma, which are usually taken daily. These medications control asthma daily and reduce the risk of asthma attacks appearing, including:
- Inhaled corticosteroids. These anti-inflammatory drugs include flnomasone (Flonase, Flovent HFA), budesonide (Pulmicort Flexhaler, Rhinocort), flunisolide (Aerospan HFA), ciclesonide (Alvesco, Omnaris, Zetonna), beclometasas furoate (Arnuity Ellipta). Patients often need to use these drugs for days to weeks before the drug has maximum effect. Unlike corticosteroids, these drugs have relatively low side effects and are usually safe for long-term use.
- Leukotriene inhibitors. These oral medications – including montelukast (Singulair), zafirlukast (Accolate) and zileuton (Zyflo) – help reduce asthma symptoms by up to 24 hours.
In rare cases, these drugs are associated with psychological reactions, such as agitated, tempered, hallucinations, depression and suicide thoughts. Patients should see a doctor as soon as there is any abnormal reaction.
- Long-lasting beta ingers. These inhalers, including salmeterol (Serevent) and formoterol (Foradil, Perforomist), help to enlarge the airways.
Some studies show that they can increase the risk of severe asthma attacks, so take them only in combination with an inhaled corticosteroid drug. And because these drugs can mask the decline in asthma, this drug is not used for an acute asthma attack
- Combined inhalers. These drugs – such as flnomasone-salmeterol (Advair Diskus), budesonide-formoterol (Symbicort) and formoterol-mometasone (Dulera) – contain long-action beta edicters along with a corticosteroid. Since these combination inhalers contain prolonged beta erers, they can increase the risk of severe asthma attacks.
- Theophylline. Theophylline (Theo-24, Elixophyllin, and others) is a daily oral medication that helps open the airways (bronchodilators) by dilating the muscles around the airways. This drug is not currently used as often as it has over the years.
2.2 Rapid shear
These medications are used as needed to relieve symptoms quickly during a short period of time during an asthma attack – or before exercising as recommended by your doctor. Fast-taking drugs include:
- Short-effect beta erers. Inhaled bronchodilators act within minutes to quickly relieve symptoms during an asthma attack. These include albuterol (ProAir HFA, Ventolin HFA, others) and levalbuterol (Xopenex).
Short-effect beta-erers are used using a handheld inhaler or fogger – converting asthma medications into fine mist – for the person to inhale through a mask or mouthpiece.
- Ipratropium (Atrovent). Like other bronchodilators, Ipratropium works quickly to dilate the airways immediately, making it easier for the person to breathe. Ipratropium is mainly prescribed for prophysema and chronic bronchitis, but it is sometimes used to treat asthma attacks.
- Oral and intravenous corticosteroids. These drugs – including prednisone and methylprednisolone – reduce severe asthma-inhaled airway inflammation. They can cause serious side effects with long-term use, so these drugs are used only on a short-term basis for the treatment of severe asthma symptoms.
If an asthma attack breaks out, fast-working inhalers can relieve the patient's symptoms immediately. But if the patient's long-term control drug works well, the person should not use rapid analgesic inhalers regularly.
Patients are recommended to record the number of uses per week. If the number of times it is necessary to use an inhaler works faster than the number of times the doctor recommends it, see a doctor. Patients may need to adjust long-term asthma control medications.
2.3 Antialler allergies
Antiallergenic drugs used in case of irritation or worsening of asthma due to allergies, include:
- Heterogen injection (Immuno therapy). Antigen injections over time will gradually reduce the immune system's response to specific anomalies. Patients are usually injected once a week for several months, followed once a month for about 3-5 years.
- Omalizumab (Xolair). Patients with allergies and severe asthma are given this drug every 2 to 4 weeks. This drug works by changing the immune system.
2.4 Thermal bronchial orthopedics
This treatment is not widely used, but only for severe asthma cases where treatment with inhaled corticosteroids or long-term asthma medications is ineffective.
Often bronchial orthopedics with heat heat the airways from the inside with an electrodes, reducing the smooth muscles inside the airways. This method reduces the risk of airway spasms, makes breathing easier and can reduce asthma attacks.
3. Treatment according to the degree of disease for better asthma control
Treatment should be flexible and based on the change of symptoms, evaluated through each visit with the doctor, so that doctors can adjust the treatment accordingly.
For example, if a person's asthma condition is under good control, the doctor may reduce the number and dosage of the drug. If asthma is uns controlled or tends to be more severe, the doctor will increase the medication and recommend more frequent visits.
4. Action plan for asthma
Patients should consult with their doctor and create a plan, specifying when to use the drug, when to increase the dose when to reduce the dose based on symptoms. This plan should also include a list of asthma triggers and steps to take to avoid these risk factors.
5. Avoid asthma triggers
There are many things in the surroundings that can cause asthma attacks. By controlling these factors, the person can reduce the risk of asthma attacks. Common factors include:
- layer on pet skin: If you can not live without a pet, it is at least not recommended to let them into the bedroom.
- Dusty side: Wash bed linen with hot water, vacuum furniture, do not use carpets if possible. You should ask others to vacuum and clean the house. But if you have to do it yourself, wear a dust mask.
- Outdoor pollen and mold: Always close the window. It is not recommended to go out from late morning to afternoon.
- Smoking: If you're smoking, stop immediately, and don't let others smoke indoors or in your car.
- Cockroach: Use a closed container to store food and garbage. Treat insects indoors, but you should be aware to avoid staying indoors until the smoke dissolves.
- Cold air: Keep your nose and mouth warm when it's cold.
- Mold in the house: Fix the leaking pipe, and clean the moldy surface with bleach.
Asthma is a chronic disease that currently does not have a thorough treatment, so good control of asthma attacks as well as symptomatic treatment of the disease is very important. Therefore, patients using asthma medications need to have regular check-up according to the doctor's appointment. For healers with abnormal signs or families with a history of asthma, an early examination is required to promptly detect the disease.
Share99 International Hospital has an asthma screening package for patients with asthma. Share99's asthma screening package helps:
- Early detection screening for timely disease control and treatment
- Perform clinical examinations, ask for a history of the disease, measure respiratory function, examine the ear and nose and throat and screen for asthma.
When applying for the Asthma Screening Package, customers will be:
- 01 appointment with a specialist in Allergy – Clinical Immunosymed
- 01 screening test
- Measurement of respiratory function
- FeNo Measurement
- Otoscopy of the nasopharynx
- Heterogen test
Share99 International Hospital has a team of highly qualified, experienced doctors, fully equipped with modern equipment to diagnose the disease and arrange the pre-treatment stage in the most effective way. Especially when coming to Share99 International Health Hub, patients do not need to wait long, quick examination time and are carefully guided by experienced medical staff to use specially designed medicines, aerosols, lifestyle changes in a positive way so that patients can easily comply with disease management. asthma.
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Reference source: .mayoclinic.org, .webmd.com
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