Speaking skills are formed early to help children succeed in developing reading, writing and communication skills throughout childhood and later life. Therefore, in the first years of life, parents should take the time to teach their children to practice speaking.
1. Signs of a child with a language disorder
Children with language disorders often have the following signs:
- Children often do not remember the names of objects around them, instead using alternative words such as "that" or "that" to express.
- Children often confuse related words, such as "table" as "chair", calling "beef" "chicken".
- The word "kitten" reads "worn out."
- Say confusing sentences or sort words in the wrong sentence.
- Misuse or misrepresent idiom and verses.
- Children always understand things literally, so they don't understand implicit sayings.
- Children cannot focus when listening to others speak, especially when there are noises such as television, music.
- Children are not interested in talking, even when talking to family or close friends.
- Children can't remember the information in the conversation that just happened.
- Your child shows no listening when you or someone talks to them.
- Children don't care when someone reads a book to them.
- Children don't understand complex sentences.
In general, the above-mentioned manifestations are repeated with a regular nature, it is recommended to take the child to the doctor. Children who are slow to speak are less likely to hear and speak than their peers. You also can not exclude the causes of genetics, the degree of familiarity with the language, the general level of development of the group of children in the community, children with autismspectrum disorders , brain damage caused by trauma, tumors, diseases.
2. Effects of language disorders on children
Language disorders affect children's ability to communicate, absorb knowledge and participate in play activities. These disorders are usually detected when the child is 4 years old. For children who have difficulty absorbing language, the ability to express is also difficult. Language disorders are mainly language structure disorders, hearing disorders, normal communication abilities, but no neurological damage that governs speech.
Some common language disorders such as slow speech,speech, stuttering, speech in the wrong grammar. If the child is slow to speak, speak, stutter will easily fall into a passive state, lack of confidence and less integration. Therefore, parents need to combine teaching children to speak and correct errors when children pronounce incorrectly, with encouraging them to integrate with people, have fun with friends so that they have many opportunities to communicate.
Other language disorders such as children talking alone, meaningless pronunciation, parody, messy speech are a consequence of some developmental disability or psychological disorder. The child needs to go to the doctor for early detection and timely treatment.
3. Some methods of teaching your child to practice speaking
Each child's speaking speed is different. Some babies may say a few words from the age of 12 months, but others do not talk until they are 18 months old.
3.1 Children from 1 to 3 months old
They already enjoy hearing your voice and can laugh, shut up or get excited and wave when you speak or sing with them. The practice of talking to babies usually begins with a chord with a phonetic number, such as "ooh", which appears around the 2nd month.
This time is not too early to practice reading for children, reading will help stimulate the child's brain to develop. Many children are sensitive to music, capable of sensing songs by reacting with smiles, waving their arms or legs.
3.2 Children aged 4 to 7 months
The children now realize that their parents are teaching them to practice speaking. Children babbling more and watching their parents' reactions. The children practice making more sounds and intonation, starting to rise and decrease the sound just as adults do when asking questions or adding accents.
When you tell your child simple, short words like "cup" and "ball," hold up the object so he knows what it is. You should read colorful photobooks to your child, point to paintings, and name simple subjects to reinforce their early language development and model the importance of language and reading. Practice using short words and then repeating. This will allow the child to react and encourage interaction in the conversation.
3.3 Children from 8 to 12 months old
At this point, parents can be glad to hear the baby say "mom" or "dada" for the first time. But the first few times may actually be accidental. She now practice speaking sounds like "ga-ga", "da-da" and "ba ba".
Smile, look at the baby and continue to repeat clear simple words throughout the day. This will help your baby's developing brain store the sound and meaning of words for daily objects. At this age, the baby loves one-to-one interaction with you. They also love games and songs with language, like "Itsy Bitsy Spider" and "Patty-Cake".
4. Prevention of language disorders for children
To prevent or minimize language disorders in children, the most important measure is for parents and family members to avoid or limit the exposure of children from 0 to 3 years old to TV, computer, game console, phone.
In addition, parents need to strengthen their children's face-to-face communication to guide them to familiarize them with objects, actions, gestures related to requirements and desires. Children need to be clearly trained, this method is successfully applied in kindergarten classes, parenting centers.
In this direct education measure, she raises children or adults to participate in games, lessons to guide children to hear, speak standard words to help children develop the ability to hear, speak, use the correct language. As a result, children become more bold in communication, knowing how to use the words necessary to express their needs or express their feelings.
Parents and family members should also encourage the ability to speak, sing, participate in games, increase children's exposure to attractive activities. When teaching children to listen and speak, parents should not use coercion measures but need to persevere, teaching them some new words and sayings every day.
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Article reference source: Webmd.com
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