Upper respiratory tract infections in babies are very susceptible, especially during cold weather, the care of babies when sick has many points to keep in mind. Parents need to master the signs and ways of caring for babies with respiratory inflammation to help their children quickly get rid of the disease.
1. What is upper respiratory tract inflammatory disease in babies?
All newly born babies cannot be immunely resistant to certain common diseases. Therefore, it takes a certain period of time for the completely new immune system to learn, train and mature. Moreover, newborn babies are also not able to receive the necessary antibodies through breast milk sources. These are the causes that make babies very susceptible to viral infections, which cause colds and lead to inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
In the air, there are more than 200 viruses in circulation, which can cause respiratory infections on babies. Most strains of this virus mainly break out in autumn and winter, and once they are already contracted, the child's body will gradually increase in immunity. Even so, the first cold that occurs in babies can become a frightening obsession for parents, especially those with their first child. Moreover, the situation will worsen if this disease progresses more and more severely and the child has complications of dangerous upper respiratory tract inflammation.
In fact, a baby can completely get inflammation of the upper respiratory tract at any age or at any time of the year. Even an observation study has statistically suggested that most children have at least 7 colds before their first birthday. If the child is taken to child care points, classes, or other contact with another child, the likelihood of infection increases.
Signs of inflammation of the respiratory tract on babies such as rhinitis, pharyngitis, sinusitis are not so dangerous. However, in some cases they may progress more severely, causing inflammation of the accompanying lower respiratory tract. If the child has bronchiolitis, bronchitis, severe pneumonia that is uncontrollable, can lead to respiratory failure and life-threatening.
2. What are the signs of upper respiratory tract inflammation in babies?
A stuffy nose or runny nose can be a sign of inflammation of the upper respiratory tract in the first infant. The baby's nasal discharge may initially be transparent, liquid and in small amounts but later if there is an accompanying multiple infection will turn more cloudy, denser and yellowish, blue for the next few days. This alerts you to the need to take your child to the doctor for examination and medical intervention.
In addition, symptoms of inflammation of the upper respiratory tract in other babies include:
- Cough, especially at night, dry cough or sputum cough
- Poor feeding or breastfeeding
- Shortness of breath, rapid breathing
- difficulty sleeping
- Lừ stop
- Red eyes, many tears
3. What causes inflammation of the upper respiratory tract in babies?
The most common cause of upper respiratory tract inflammation in babies is the virus. This effect is present everywhere in the air and is very contagious by secretion from one person to another. When a person is infected with the virus, even if the disease is present or not, the droplets when coughing, sneezing, nasal translation contain the virus and will cause disease on another infected body. Moreover, the virus can also last quite a long time on common surfaces such as tables and chairs, door handles, floors, toys. In other words, if a parent or caregiver is sick or caring for a child with infected hands, it can spread the disease to the child.
Breastfeeding babies have more immune sources than formula babies. This is because when breastfeeding, the mother will provide antibodies, white blood cells and enzymes to the baby. This is a barrier that protects the child from infection. However, this does not mean that breastfed babies are completely immune to all strains of the virus, because a few viral causes change their structure every year, moreover, the possibility of accompanying germ infections is also difficult to avoid.
4. How to care for babies with inflammation of the upper respiratory tract at home?
Since the cause of the disease is largely viral, treating and caring for inflammation of the upper respiratory tract for children at home is mainly to support symptoms, helping children feel more comfortable, quickly remission of diseases. The following are instructions on what parents and caregivers should and should not do:
- Wash your hands often properly with soap under running water for at least 20 seconds when caring for and after cleaning your child to prevent upper respiratory tract inflammation from spreading to another child.
- Raise your baby's head slightly higher than the torso and legs to help them breathe more easily. You can do this with a soft pillow placed under the head and thin padded lining with both the back for the child to follow down to the legs.
- Make sure your child receives enough milk during the day and even increases a little if he has a fever or a lot of fuss. Milk can include breast milk and formula if your baby does not drink breast milk or insufficient source of breast milk.
- Suck mucus in the baby's nose and throat with specialized tools for babies to help the baby's airways be ventilated. Physiological saline can be used to help the mucus dilute and manipulate easily.
- Moisturize the air with a humidifier, reduce irritation to the respiratory mucosa, limit increased secretion, edema.
- Reduce fever for children positively with acetaminophen in doses depending on their weight. If the child is crying or vomiting, it is recommended to use the form of anal bullet preparation. Combined with wiping people with warm water for children so that the fever lowering is effective.
4.2 Not recommended
- Arbitrarily give your child antibiotics. Since antibiotics do not work for viruses, there is no injuncence to treat upper respiratory tract inflammation alone without evidence of multiple infections. Even indiscriminate use of antibiotics will increase resistance later on.
- Do not allow your child to take more than the dose of fever-lowering when unnested. Aspirin should never be used to lower fever for young children.
- Antipyking and cold medicines should not be given to children under 2 years of age.
- Do not allow the child to lie on his stomach while sleeping, as this pose increases the risk of airway obstruction, which can easily lead to apnea during sleep when the child is having inflammation of the respiratory tract.
In summary, inflammation of the upper respiratory tract with the effect is caused by viruses that are very common in babies. Even babies who are fed completely breast milk are more likely to get sick, although their immunity is better. Since upper respiratory tract inflammation can merely progress to more serious diseases, parents need to properly care for the child, closely monitor the child when there are signs of severe upper respiratory tract inflammation to take the child to the doctor and receive timely intervention.
The pediatrics department at Share99 International Health Hub is the address to receive and examine the diseases that babies as well as young children are susceptible to: Viral fever, bacterial fever, otitis media, pneumonia in children,…. With modern equipment, ile space, minimize the impact as well as the risk of spreading the disease. Along with that is the dedication from experienced doctors to pediatric patients, making the examination no longer a concern of parents.
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