List of common infectious diseases

Equipped with knowledge of infectious diseases is a prerequisite for us to properly prevent and avoid infection for ourselves and our families from the dangers and consequences of infectious diseases.

1. What is an infectious disease?

Infectious disease, also known as infectious disease, is a disease that can be encountered on all continents but is especially common in countries with a hot and humid tropical climate. Infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, parasites, etc.), also known as pathogens.

The disease is likely to spread in the community by various lines or sometimes by just one line. Infectious diseases can often become epidemics with a very large number of sufferer populations and often take place in stages: Burning, on-on-one, total, disease withdrawal and recovery.

Each infectious disease will be caused by a pathogen. However in particular cases can be caused by two or more pathogens (e.g. malaria combined with P.falciparum + P.vivax).


Pathogens are microorganisms

2. List of common infectious diseases

Some common infectious diseases include:

  • Polio
  • Influenza A/H5N1
  • Plague
  • Dengue is caused by ebola virus, Lassa or Marburg.
  • West Nile fever
  • Yellow fever
  • Dengue fever, Dengue hemorrhagic fever
  • Malaria
  • Typhal fever
  • Rickettsia fever
  • Mò fever
  • Hanta virus haemorrhagic fever

What is dengue?

  • cholera
  • Immuno-encesing syndrome in humans caused by viruses (HIV/AIDS).
  • Acute viral respiratory inflammatory disease
  • Pulmonary tuberculosis
  • Diphtheria
  • Measles
  • Hand-foot-mouth disease
  • influenza
  • rabies
  • Whooping cough
  • Amoeba entery.
  • Erysentery.

AFB Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Pulmonary tuberculosis
  • Mesm disease
  • anthrax
  • Mesth welding diseases
  • Chickenpox
  • Tetanus
  • Rubella disease
  • Viral hepatitis
  • Meningoc meningitis
  • Viral encephalitis
  • Jaundice spiral disease
  • Rotavirus diarrhea
  • Syphilis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Eye disease
  • Diseases caused by worms
  • Tapeworm
  • Hepatic fluke
  • Pulmonary fluke

liver fluke

Photo of liver flukes
  • Intestinal flukes
  • Nocardiosis
  • Orth long-forming diseases
  • Diseases caused by Chlamydia
  • Diseases caused by the fungus Candida albicans
  • Cytomegalo virus disease.
  • Herpes virus disease
  • Diseases caused by Trichomonas
  • Diseases caused by human swine sysc singular disease
  • Adeno virus disease
  • Infectious pus dermatitis
  • Stomatitis, pharyngitis, Coxsackie viral heartitis
  • Giardia inflammatory bowel disease
  • Vibrio Parahaemolyticus inflammatory bowel disease

Vibrio Parahaemolyticus inflammatory bowel disease

Image of Vibrio Parahaemolyticus

3. Is infectious diseases common in our country?

Today, thanks to the progress of science in general and medicine in particular, a lot of infectious diseases have been repelled, there are even diseases that have been permanently eradicated (for example, smallpox). However, there are still infectious diseases that are still rampant and also a threat to humanity such as malaria, viral hepatitis, Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Ebola virus haemorrhagic fever, HIV/AIDS … Some pathogens in the process of developing mutations cause new, very severe and difficult-to-diagnose medical conditions (SARS, influenza A H5N1, Covid – 19 …).

Vietnam is characterized by tropical water, relatively low survival conditions with many backward living customs. Therefore, infectious diseases still account for a very high proportion, there are many outbreaks occurring all year round (Dengue hemorrhagic fever, malaria, chromatic entery, entile entery …).

4. Prevention of infectious diseases

  • Vaccine-specific prevention: Vaccines are available to prevent a number of bacterial and viral diseases such as vaccines against measles, whooping cough, polio, tetanus, hepatitis …
  • Nons specific prevention: Pay attention to the implementation of personal hygiene, carry out boiling ripe eating, clean the living environment in the house and also outside.

2-shot vaccination for children of vaccination age, nose 1 from 9 to 12 months old, nose 2 from 18 to 24 months

Vaccination can prevent certain infectious diseases

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About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


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