Similar to gestational diabetes, gestational diabetes mellitus is also one of the endos noisic diseases suffered during the third trimester. However, this condition has a rare rate in the community.
1. What is gestational diabetes mellitus?
When you have gestational diabetes mellitus,you will be so thirsty that you drink a lot of water every day. As a result, you need to go to the toilet from once or twice in an hour.
Pregnancy is not the cause of the disease. However, the disturbance of hormones in the body makes the disease more prone to on onsle. Fortunately, the disease will regress when out in the post-maternity period. However, many cases suffer for life.
2. Causes of gestational diabetes mellitus
Pregnant women are one of the risk factors for diabetes mellitus. The disease has been potential since placenta formed to support the developing fetus inside the womb. The placenta is a link that helps transport nutrients and waste between mother and child. However, in some abnormal cases, an enzyme that the placenta itself produces destroys the hormones of the mother's body, a hormone that plays a role in controlling the amount of water excreted through the kidneys and out of the body.
This hormone is called Vasopressin and is also known as the anti-weed hormone, or ADH. When you feel thirsty, the amount of ADH will increase higher in the body, preventing the body from draining urine. Con reverse, when ADH levels are low, you will have to urinate more often.
When you have diabetes mellitusin pregnancy, the enzyme that the placenta produces destroys Vasopressin, causing the mother's body to become dehydration and feel very thirsty. This causes the mother to need to drink more water, which then produces more urine, forming a vicious circle. The consequences are sometimes that the mother urinates uncontrollably, can get pissed and is prone to urinary infections.
3. What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes mellitus?
Most pregnant women often have to urinate several times at night due to the pressure of the growing baby's head placed on the bladder. However, if you go many times accompanied by intense thirst, it is necessary to think about gestational diabetes mellitus soon.
In addition, the maternity may have other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, dizziness and a feeling of total muscle weakness. This is the manifestation of water – electrolytical disorders.
4. How is gestational diabetes mellitus diagnosed?
Doctors will often ask to check urine samples on the first visit with diluted results a lot of times. Questions about your eating habits will also be raised. Furthermore, a number of other necessary blood tests are also carried out to exclude other conditions that have similar symptoms. In addition, women who come to the examination because of the manifestation of diabetes mellitus can also be tested for pregnancy if the doctor suspects the possibility of gestational diabetes mellitus.
The results of the tests will determine the most thought-out diagnosis. If the enzyme from the placenta destroys the concentration of ADH in the medgeotus blood, this is the basic cause of gestational diabetes mellitus. Cons, if hormone levels are completely normal, the maternity may need to test for the cause of genetics and to exclude the possibility that the disease is at risk of transmission to the child.
5. How is gestational diabetes mellitus treated?
For the majority of women with gestational diabetes mellitus, no specific treatment regimen has been put in place other than the need for routine pregnancy examinations and more frequent testing, in order to screen for the possibility of falling into water and electrolyem disorders. In the normal human body, these are two components that make up and help maintain the internal environment, helping the metabolism to take place smoothly and effectively. Any severe imbalance of water and electrolyses is at risk of affecting the mother's life and also the fetus.
Despite this, most women are able to maintain this balance very well thanks to drinking plenty of water, which is equivalent to the amount of water lost until the end of the post-production period. At this time, doctors will only want to make sure the mother's body is not water-retaining or at risk of water poisoning. To do so, women should be instructed to always have a certain amount of drinking water on their side to take whenever they feel thirsty.
If gestational diabetes mellitus causes too severe dehydration, there is a risk of affecting the mother's life or fetal development, causing amniotic mitigation, the doctor should consider prescribing a synthetic hormone called Desmopressin. This substance acts like Vasopressin, helping to control urination, protecting the body from absorbing a lot of fluids without exhausting it all. This drug is usually used in the form of nasal sprays or tablets, injections.
6. How does gestational diabetes progress?
Most cases of gestational diabetes mellitus will cure themselves after 4-6 weeks after termination of pregnancy. However, some rare cases may be prolonged for unknown periods and ongoing treatment regimens are required.
Besides, a woman who once had gestational diabetes mellitus is at higher risk for the next pregnancy.
In short, gestational diabetes mellitus, although rare, has a severe effect on the mother's life and fetal health. Although the symptoms are quite typical, the above basic information is still needed to guide the disease early, instructing the mother how to adapt. Only severe cases of severe manifestations with specific treatment are required, which helps to ensure safety during pregnancy.
At Share99 International Health Hub, there is a full maternity service as a solution to help pregnant mothers feel secure because there is a team of doctors throughout the pregnancy. When choosing a full-service maternity, a pregnant woman can:
- The process of pregnancy is monitored by a team of specialists
- Regular examination, early detection of abnormalities
- Package maternity for the convenience of childbirth
- Infants receive comprehensive care
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