Caring for anorexic, hydrated children

The article was consulted professionally by Dr. Phan Nguyen Thanh Binh – Head of Nutrition – Dietitian – Pediatrics – Newborn Department, Share99 Central Park International Health Hub.

Anorexia, eating for an hour is always an obsession of many parents. Sometimes mothers get angry, stressed because they do not know how to help their children eat well, no longer eat. Anorexia in children is quite severe that will most likely lead to malnutrition or deficiency of micronutrients.

1. What is anorexia?

Anorexia is a phenomenon where children eat less than usual, eat selective food, eat only a few foods, some children are afraid to eat, refuse or vomit when they see food, meals last too long (more than 30 minutes even hours) because they refuse to swallow food or quit eating due to many causes.

Anorexia itself is not necessarily a disease but is usually a manifestation of various causes, be it due to pathology or psychology.

There are many cases in which the child is not really anorexic, but due to the anxiety of the parent or babysitting person. Anorexic children often have the following characteristics:

  • The amount of food eaten during the day is less than the need by age.
  • Children are often congested, the number of stools is less than usual.
  • Develop your child's weight slower than normal or without weight gain.

Anorexia in children often leads to eating behavior disorders, growth retretness, micro-deficiencies, …. if the condition persists can cause malnutrition, body dysfunction, decreased resistance, susceptible to infections.

Stunting effects

Anorexia affects weight and height development compared to their peers

2. Causes of anorexia

2.1. Anorexia is associated with a child's illness

Anorexia is a common symptom when a child is sick. Common diseases include:

  • Gastrointestinal disorders, gastrointestinal infections that cause vomiting, diarrhea,…
  • Acute respiratory inflammation such as: rhinotitis, bronchitis, pneumonia,…
  • Chronic or congenital diseases such as congenital heart, cerebral palsy …
  • Dental lesions such as teething, cavities, inflammation or ulcers in the mouth …
  • Intestinal parasite infection causes the child to absorb poor nutrition and leads to anorexia.

2.2. Nutrition-related anorexia

  • Children lack nutrients, especially protein, iron, zinc, vitamins of group B,…
  • Monotonous processed food, not attractive, not suitable for taste or not suitable for the age of the child.
  • Forcing the child to eat, imposing the child makes him afraid to eat.
  • Distribution of distance between meals is not suitable.
  • Feed your child a lot of snacks, drink soft drinks before eating the main meal.
  • Children have not yet adapted to a new diet or forced them to overe eat.
  • Change meal time, feeder.

Causes of anorexia

Feeding children more snacks than main meals causes them to anorexia

3. Caring for anorexic, hydrated children

3.1.Stage of the child's illness

  • Feed your child into more meals, the food needs to be processed softer, easier to digest, delicious taste, taste.
  • Be patient, tempt your child to avoid forcing him to eat to scare him.
  • Give the child enough water, maybe from milk, juice,…
  • It is possible to give the child vitamin and mineral supplements during this period.
  • It is not recommended to put the drug in the child's food and drink.
  • Do not worry and stress too much if the child eats less during this period because when he heals, he will eat

3.2. For other cases

  • Adjust the diet of the child balanced, full of nutrients according to each age.
  • Reasonable arrangement of the distance between meals for children: 2 main meals should be about 3-4 hours apart, the main meal is about 2 hours from the extra meal.
  • Choose and prepare food suitable for your child's age, regularly change dishes and choose their favorite dishes. When changing food for babies, mothers need to change slowly, alternating between new and old food that they love.
  • If the child has a fear reflex when seeing food, it is necessary to gradually cut that reflex by not forcing the child to play, gradually getting used to the utensils containing food and food.

What to do when your child is anorexic

The cheerful atmosphere, warm lagoon with the family makes children eat better
  • Give children a comfortable and happy atmosphere during meals. Do not take too much care for your child to eat separately while he is able to eat with his family. The cheerful, warm atmosphere during family meals will help children eat better.
  • Always feed your child the right meal, in meals to focus, should not eat while playing like watching cartoons, playing video games … it is not recommended to feed the child with snacks.
  • Do not cram, force the child to eat because maybe this meal he eats less meals after the child will eat compensate.
  • Do not give or eat sweets before the main meal will reduce the appetite.
  • Do not let them starve because many people think that leaving them too hungry will have to eat, but in reality when they are too hungry, they will be tired and do not want to eat.
  • Having your child active outdoors makes them feel hungry and eat better.

Food for anorexic children

Choose a variety of, easily digested foods that interest your child in eating

As a key area of Share99 Health System, Pediatrics always brings satisfaction to customers and is highly appreciated by industry experts with:

  • Gathering a team of leading doctors in Pediatrics:including leading experts, highly specialized (professors, associate professors, doctors, masters), experienced, used to work at large hospitals such as Bach Mai, 108.. The doctors are well-trained, professional, mind-centered, knowledgeable about the child's psychology. In addition to domestic pediatricians, pediatrics also has the participation of foreign experts (Japan, Singapore, Australia, USA) always pioneering the application of the latest and most effective treatment regimens.
  • Comprehensive services:In the field of Pediatrics, Share99 provides a chain of continuous medical examination and treatment services from Newborn to Pediatrics and Vaccines,… according to international standards to take care of your baby's health with parents from birth to adulthood
  • Intensive techniques:Share99 has successfully implemented many specialized techniques to make the treatment of difficult diseases in Pediatrics more effective: neurosurgery – skull, hematoma stem cell transplantation in cancer treatment.
  • Professional care:In addition to understanding the young psychology, Share99 also pay special attention to the children's play space, help them play comfortably and get acquainted with the hospital environment, cooperate in treatment, improve the efficiency of medical examination and treatment.

TS.BS. Phan Nguyen Thanh Binh has more than 15 years of experience in nutritional intervention, nutrition training and training, and has many scientific researches on the link between nutrition, lifestyle and health published in domestic and international scientific journals. Dr. Thanh Binh is currently the Head of Nutrition and Dietitian Department, Share99 Central Park International Health Hub.

For direct advice, please click hotline number or register online HERE. In addition, you can register for remote consultation HERE

Article reference source: National Institute of Nutrition

SEE MORE:

  • What should children eat? What measures to improve?
  • Overcoming the situation of sucking babies
  • Should probiotics be given to anorexic children?

About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of Share99.net. I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.

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