Post-maternity health care should pay attention in many aspects such as hygiene, eating, movement, rest to help mothers after rehabilitation and let the baby get the best start.
1. Post-production period
After childbirth the woman's body takes some time to recover and return to normal, called the post-maternity period.
During this period, women need to know how to take care of themselves after birth and recognize the signs of danger to ensure the health of both mother and baby.
2. How long does the post-production period last?
The post-production period usually lasts about 6 months.
3. What should post-maternity health care pay attention to?
3.1. Incision care
After 3-5 days the incision in the skin will heal.
If the incision is sewn with a target, there is no need to cut the only.
If the incision is sewn with indestated marks, it is usual to cut only between the 5th and the 7th day after the operation (as prescribed by the doctor).
This time the mother can wipe the person or take a quick bath with warm water, then dry the whole body and incision. Pay attention not to seal the incision, do not apply antiseptic solution on the incision without the permission of a doctor.
3.2. Menstruation and production
If breastfeeding is complete, women will usually have menstruation after the 6th month or later, but if not breastfeeding or breastfeeding is not complete, the menstruation will return 4-6 weeks after birth.
In the first few weeks, we will see fluids (called fluids)coming out of our doors. The outbreak is usually red within 4 days immediately after birth, then turns pink until about the 9th day after birth. From about the 10th day 10 days 10 days, the production turns dark brown, then becomes paler and less and then completely runs out usually after 2-4 weeks after birth.
3.3. Keep hygiene
During childbirth, the maternity body secretes a lot of sweat, so it is necessary to wash it clean, it is possible to wash your hair after birth for 3-4 days. The bathroom must be airtight and bathe with warm water; do not soak in the bath. Quick shower from 5 to 10 minutes, finished bathing must dry people quickly and get dressed. Do not wash and wash at the same time.
Post-birth women should also be aware of clean genital area hygiene. During this time, it is not recommended to doe wash or place anything in the vagina, it is not recommended to have interseding if there is still an epidemic, change the tamer regularly to avoid infection.
Depending on the state of health of the maternity, it is possible to breastfeed after 30 minutes or an hour later. With full-body anesthesia, breastfeeding time may be longer, approximately 6 hours after surgery.
Colostrum is already available in the mother udder, which contains a lot of energy and antibodies. Colostrum is lighter yellow and denseter than milk later, helping the child fight infections. In the first days after birth, the baby's stomach is very small, the mother should actively breastfeed the baby and breastfeed several times is enough energy for the baby.
Breastfeed as soon as possible. Breastfeeding early and several times a day will help the mother increase hormone secretion, stimulate the milk glands to be active, help the mother to secrete more milk and not be afraid of losing milk.
Usually each feeding of the baby will last from 10 to 15 minutes. However, some babies want to breastfeed longer, about 20 minutes. When the child has received enough milk, he will release his breasts, be satisfied and sleep very well.
Obstetrics and gynecology has just undergoked a labor, consuming a lot of energy, so it is necessary to have a scientific, nutritious diet, help quickly recover health and have enough lactation milk.
The diet of post-birth maternity should be noted:
- Women are not allowed to eat anything within the first 6 hours after surgery. Pay attention to the principle that women will eat from liquid to dense, eat rice when deflated.
- On the first day after birth, women should drink filtered water, sugar water, eat diluted porridge. After deflating, women eat as usual, strengthen nutritious foods such as meat, fish, eggs, milk …,
- Avoid spices with stimulants such as peppers, coffee, tea will affect the milking. Instead, mothers need to drink enough water, about 2 liters of water a day, eat ripe, strengthen greens, fruits and drink more juice, milk … to avoid constipation.
- Women should eat nutritious foods such as meat, fish, eggs, milk, fruits …, avoid spices with stimulants such as chili, coffee, tea will affect the milking.
3.6. About the mode of living
Post-birth movement is essential, helping the uterus to recover well to avoid post-birth bleeding, avoid fluid production, avoid embolism. In the first days after birth, the maternity can sit up out of bed, walk gently in the room.
Then, depending on the state of health, the post-birth mother can step into bed, practice walking again to help the normal functions of the body recover faster, reducing the risk of post-surgery complications (such as epidemic closing,embolism …).
For women who have gone through too difficult labor before deciding to have a cesarean section or losing a lot of blood at birth, more rest is needed.
The maternity has just undergon a labor, consumes a lot of energy, loses a lot of blood. Therefore, post-birth rest is very important, good for med med health both physically and mentally.
Getting enough sleep for a mother is very important. Family members need help caring for the baby to let their mother sleep. On average every day, the mother sleeps about 8-9 hours. At sleep, the woman's body will regain health, energy and help with good milking. At the same time help the mother avoid stress, post-birth depression.
4. Infant care
Here are some common problems when caring for babies:
- Liquid stool digestion
Usually from 6-12 hours after birth the baby will go dark blue stools, but premature babies may be later. This dark blue stool usually maintains 2-3 days after birth. Later, the stool will slowly change color to yellow.
Babies who breastfeed regularly will have a digestion 5-6 times a day. The stool will be loose or slightly thickened, have a yellow calyx color, the feces do not smell significantly and do not have foam.
- Children stay up at night sleeping day
Infant sleep is of great interest to mothers, as it has a direct effect on the health of the child. Babies change their environment from the womb to the natural environment outside, and they don't distinguish between day and night, so there are babies who will sleep more during the day and wake up more at night.
Babies almost sleep around the clock, waking up only to feed about every 2-3 hours. Usually, there is no need to wake the newborn up for breastfeeding, but it is also not recommended to let the baby sleep >3 hours without breastfeeding.
The majority of babies present with jaundice within 1 week after birth (20-30% of babies are full months and 80% in premature babies). This is a normal biological phenomenon, which occurs because the esthies of the fetus are destroyed to be replaced by adult red blood cells. When the red blood cells rupture, a large amount of bilirubin, a substance with yellow pigment, is released into the bloodstream, which makes the child jaundice.
Most cases of jaundice in babies are mild and self-cured after 7-10 days, when bilirubin is eliminated through feces and urine. However, there are some cases of severe jaundice due to too high bilirubin and permeability into the brain (medicine called jaundice). The condition is very dangerous, which can cause the child to be in a coma, convulsions, leading to death or permanent motor psychiatric symptoms.
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