Blood lipid disorder tests

Blood lipids or "blood fats" are an important component of the body consisting of many different structures most importantly cholesterol. Dyslipidemia increases the amount of cholesterol, triglycerids or both or reduces high molecular lipoprotein (HDL) levels or increases low molecular lipoprotein (LDL) levels that affect atherosclerosis. Tests for dyslipidemia or "blood fat tests" will help quanc quantity these disorders to determine the medical condition caused.

1. Overview of lipid components in the blood

LDL Cholesterol: This is low molecular lipoprotein, which is considered a "bad" component of cholesterol. As LDL increases in the blood, it leads to their easy deposition in the blood vessels causing atherosclerosis plaque.

Atherosclerosis when formed can cause narrowing or embolic of blood vessels (especially in the heart and brain) or rupture of blood vessels that cause dangerous diseases such as myocardial infarction or cerebral vascular accidents. LDL cholesterol can increase due to factors such as family, diet, tobacco, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and is a very important indicators in treatment monitoring.

HDL Cholesterol: accounts for 25-35% of the total cholesterol in the blood and is said to be good because it transports cholesterol from the blood to the liver and transports cholesterol out of the atherosclerosis plaque reducing the risk of atherosclerosis avoiding dangerous complications. HDL decreases due to risks such as tobacco, overweight obesity, laziness.

Triglycerides: This is also a form of body fat, increased triglycerides encountered in obese, lazy subjects, tobacco addiction, alcoholism or diabetes mellitus. Increased triglycerides in the blood will often be accompanied by a total increase in cholesterol


LDL and HDL cholesterol in the blood

2. Results of dyslipidemia test

These blood lipid indicators will help assess the condition of blood fat as follows. For Total Cholesterol:

  • < 200 mg/dl: nguy cơ bệnh động mạch vành thấp
  • 200- 239 mg/dl: boundary levels to pay attention to coronary artery disease
  • > 240 mg/dl: patients with increased blood cholesterol and 2 times more likely to have coronary artery disease than normal

For HDL – cholesterol:

  • > 60 mg/dl: makes good sense when HDL- cholesterol increases to help protect the body from cardiovascular risks
  • LOW HDL-cholesterol under 40 mg/dl (for men) or below 50 mg/dl (for women) is a primary risk of cardiovascular disease

For LDL-cholesterol:

  • < 100 mg/dl: là chỉ số rất tốt
  • 100-129 mg/dl: is the index
  • 130-159 mg/dl: increased limit
  • 160-189 mg/dl: increased index (high risk)
  • > 190 mg/dl: very increased index equivalent to very high risk

Medical examination

Test results help doctors diagnose diseases accurately

For Triglycerides:

  • < 150 mg/dl: bình thường
  • 150- 199 mg/dl: increased limit
  • 200-499 mg/dl: increased
  • > 500 mg/dl: very increased

3. Is dyslipidemia dangerous?

Increased cholesterol is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction and cerebral vascular accidents. When there is too much LDL cholesterol circulating in the blood will cause them to settle gradually into the walls of blood vessels causing the formation of atherosclerosis plaques that narrow the vessels or even cause complete blockage.

Atherosclerosis is believed to be a state of penetration of cholesterol and other components of atherosclerosis into blood vessels formed from damage to the vascular endoratary layer. The process of atherosclerosis can increase with age, family factors and risk factors in addition to lipid disorders such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, obesity, smoking.

Coronary artery stenosis

Dyslipidemia causes cardiovascular pathology

4. How to prevent blood lipid disorders?

Through blood lipid tests can assess the condition of dyslipidemia in the body, one of the leading risks of cardiovascular disease. For the prevention of dyslipidemia it is possible to do the following:

  • Build a healthy lifestyle: A healthy, reasonable diet, regular exercise and eliminates habits such as tobacco, drinking too much alcohol.
  • There are appropriate adjustments when eating foods that increase LDL-cholesterol such as: saturated fats from animal or plant fats such as coconut, margaremia, non-stormy fats such as pork, cows, buttermilk, instant food, fast food, fried, covered with animal organs,…
  • It is recommended to eat foods such as vegetables, fruits, cereals and raw processing (black bread, raw rice), non-fat milk, lean meat, skinless poultry, fatty fish, beans, nuts, unsaturated vegetable oils.
  • Tobacco is a factor that affects the formation of atherosclerosis and causes lipid disorders, so it should be removed immediately.
  • Lose weight and keep body mass index ideal (BMI: 19-23).

SKTQ - general health check-up

Regular medical examinations help detect the disease early

Share99 International Health Hub is one of the hospitals that not only ensures professional quality with a team of leading doctors, modern technology equipment system but also stands out for comprehensive and professional medical examination, consultation and treatment services; civilized, polite, safe and sterilized medical examination and treatment space. Customers who choose to perform tests here can be assured of the accuracy of the test results.

Customers can directly go to Share99 Health System nationwide for examination or contact the hotline here for assistance.


  • What is the LDL cholesterol index in the blood?
  • What does HDL – High blood cholesterol mean?
  • Learn about blood lipid tests


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  • Differentiation between LDL cholesterol and HDL cholesterol
  • Learn about total cholesterol testing
  • How reasonable is it to eat chicken eggs?

About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


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