Beware of early morning hypertension

The article was consulted professionally by Specialist Doctor II Le Dang Van – General Internal Medicine Doctor – Department of Medical Examination and Internal Medicine – Share99 Hai Phong International Health Hub.

In hypertension there is morning hypertension. This is a fairly dangerous form of the disease because it causes a high mortality rate and many serious complications. However, patients often pay little attention to the condition.

1. What is morning hypertension?

Blood pressure usually changes throughout the day depending on the patient's food, activities and emotions. For many people, blood pressure usually rises in the early morning, also known as morning hypertension.

Many researchers found that morning hypertension increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as stroke. Even patients who have good control over blood pressure still have up to 50% higher morning blood pressure than usual.

2. How dangerous is morning hypertension?

Patients with hypertension who specifically have morning hypertension have a higher risk of stroke than other time hypertension patients. High blood pressure can cause stroke, sudden loss of brain function due to anemia supplied to the brain.

There are two types of strokes that are issentic or hemorrhagic. Blood clot strokes are called is an ise anemia strokes, which are the most common form, accounting for up to 85% of the 600,000 strokes that occur each year. Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel ruptures in the brain.

Morning hypertension can also increase the risk of suffering from other heart and vascular problems. It is associated with changes in heart rate and heart size, which can lead to heart attack or heart failure. Contact your specialist immediately if you experience symptoms such as severe headache, chest pain, and numbness or tingling in your face or arm.

3. Causes of morning hypertension

Here are the possible causes of morning hypertension:

  • Due to the normal circadian rhythm of the body. In the morning, the body releases many hormones such as adrenaline and noradrenaline, these are hormones that help you increase energy but also increase blood pressure;
  • Medications: Some medications can cause temporary hypertension such as steroid-containing drugs used in the treatment of asthma, auto-immune diseases, skin problems or severe allergies. If you use these drugs in the early morning, your blood pressure is likely to rise;
  • Excessive use of alcohol can also cause hypertension in the early morning;

Beware of early morning hypertension

Excessive use of alcohol can also cause hypertension in the early morning
  • Sleep apnea: Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that causes the upper respiratory tract to narrow, the respiratory muscles stop moving, the breath temporarily stops and breathes shallower, which lasts throughout the night. Sleep apnea puts stress on the body, increasing adrenaline levels and increased blood pressure. The most common symptoms of sleep apnea are loud snoring, poor sleep quality and excessive drowsiness during the day.

4. Who is at risk for morning hypertension?

  • People with high blood pressure
  • Type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes
  • Elderly over 65 years old
  • Users of alcohol and tobacco
  • Overweight, obese people
  • People with a high blood cholesterol index

5. How to prevent morning hypertension?

Doctors often advise patients to regularly monitor blood pressure at home to determine early the risk of morning hypertension. Your blood pressure should be checked in the morning, about an hour after waking up, and in the evening about an hour before going to bed, measured on the same arm at a time. Performing 3 consecutive measurements (about 1 minute apart) will help to more accurately measure your "real" blood pressure. Avoid eating, using coffee and tobacco at least 30 minutes before measurement.

A healthy lifestyle that includes a nutritious diet, avoiding tobacco and alcohol and regular physical activity will help protect you from morning hypertension.

If you take blood pressure medications, take the medication prescribed by your doctor and monitor your blood pressure logs at home. These steps can help prevent heart or vascular problems such as stroke.

Specialist Doctor II Le Dang Van has more than 20 years of experience in the field of internal medicine. Especially experienced in cardiovascular specialty and high pressure oxygen treatment. Currently a doctor of General Internal Medicine Department of Share99 Hai Phong International Health Hub.

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  • How to measure blood pressure according to the guidance of the Ministry of Health
  • Risk factors for hypertension
  • The most accurate blood pressure measurement time of the day

About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


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