Eye problems in children with congenital rubella syndrome

The article is consulted professionally by Specialist I Bui Thi Ha – Pediatrician – Newborn – Pediatrics – Newborn – Share99 Ha Long International Health Hub.

Children infected with Rubella from an early age in the fetus may experience dangerous eye complications such as cataracts, glaucoma, ocular ocular or retinitis. To avoid this, women of child's age should be vaccinated against rubella before becoming pregnant.

1. Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS)

Congenital Rubella syndrome is also one of the most common conditions in babies and young children. The disease mainly appears due to the transmission from the mother infected with rubella to the fetus via placenta transmission. During pregnancy, if the mother is infected with the virus, they can still survive in the fetus and eliminate within 6-31 months after childbirth. This can lead to a risk of miscarriage or cause birth defects in the fetus.

According to studies of cases of congenital rubella show:

  • If the mother is infected with rubella in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, the likelihood of the fetus being infected with congenital Rubella accounts for about 90%. At this stage, if the fetus is infected with the virus it will be susceptible to spreading to many internal organs, causing many deformations and chronic infections in babies and young children.
  • If the mother is infected with the virus between the 13th – 14th week of pregnancy, about 54% of the fetus will suffer from congenital Rubella syndrome.
  • If the mother is infected with the virus during the 14th to 27th week of pregnancy, the risk of the baby being infected with Rubella accounts for about 25%.

The cause of the child's cerebral palsy is the mother's infection with rubella during pregnancy

If the mother is infected with the virus during pregnancy there is a risk of the child being born with congenital Rubella syndrome

However, if the mother can get vaccinated within the first 3 months of pregnancy, it will limit the risk of the child being infected with Rubella.

Congenital rubella syndrome in children is characterized by three classical opaque eye syndrome (cataracts), congenital heart and deaf ears.

  • Encountered immediately from the newborn stage of the child, manifested by signs of the appearance of nodules immediately after birth or within 48 hours after birth. These nodules can be lost on their own.
  • Accompanying symptoms such as headache, discomfort, breastfeeding, redness of the eyes, nasal congestion, runny nose … This phenomenon of runny nose usually occurs before the appearance of rash nodules.
  • The examination can see spleen enlarged, liver enlarged and children with jaundice.
  • There are about 1 in 3000 cases of congenital Rubella syndrome in the hemorrhagic body due to thrombolysis. Severe may have a digestivehemorrhage, nosebleeds, or bleeding in the umbilical cord area of the child.

2. Eye problems in children with congenital rubella syndrome

Congenital rubella syndrome can be considered one of the acute infections that need to be treated and treated early due to the risk of leaving many complications affecting the health and life of the child. This syndrome can cause eye malformations in the child, among which:

  • At a mild, newly discovered level of infection, babies born may experience complications such as small eyeballs, in-house spleids, shaking of the eyeballs, ptosis, glaucoma.
  • On average, there may be either a one-party cataract, or two sides, that are average or glocom.
  • In severe levels, it will cause 2-party cataracts, glocom, severe spleen, some cases of retinopathy that are commonly retinal inflammation.

Congenital Rubella syndrome is prone to dangerous complications, which also risks spreading into an epidemic. Therefore, precautions are very important and urgent. For the most optimal prevention of the disease, the method used today is vaccination – rubella prevention for children from 12 months of age and adults.

influenza vaccination

For the most optimal prevention of the disease, the method used today is vaccination – rubella prevention.

Currently, Share99 International Health Hub provides MSD (USA) MMR II & Diluent Inj 0.5ml vaccination service with effective rubella prevention effect for children from 12 months of age and adults.

The advantages of vaccination at Share99 International Health Hub include:

  • Clients will be examined by specialists, fully screened for health and physical issues, advice on vaccines and vaccination regimens, how to monitor and care after vaccination before prescribing vaccinations according to the latest recommendations of the Ministry of Health / World Health Organization to ensure the best and safest effect. the most complete.
  • A team of experienced, professional pediatric doctors and nurses, psychologically understand and apply effective pain relief during vaccination.
  • 100% of vaccination customers are monitored 30 minutes after vaccination and re-evaluated before leaving.

Be monitored before, during and after vaccination at Share99 Health System and always have emergency ekip ready to coordinate with the vaccination department to handle cases of anaphylalacticshock, respiratory failure – stop cyclic, ensure timely treatment, the right regimen when something happens.

Tuberculosis vaccination at Share99

Vaccination at Share99 International Health Hub
  • The vaccination room is airy, has a play area, helps to feel comfortable like walking around and has a good mentality before and after vaccination.
  • Vaccines are imported and stored in modern cold storage systems, with COLD chains meeting GSP standards, keeping the vaccine in the best condition to ensure quality.
  • Customers will receive a reminder message before the date of vaccination and the baby's vaccination information will be synchronized with the national immunization information system.

To receive direct advice or make an appointment for your child's vaccination (including a reminder schedule), please make an appointment HERE or contact the nearest Hotline of Share99 International Clinic/ Health Hub:

Specialist I Bui Thi Ha has more than 11 years working in the field of Pediatrics – Newborns; proficient in basic pediatric techniques and advanced, intensive and modern techniques such as mechanical breathing, longline, blood replacement, invasive arterial blood pressure measurement,.. Currently, the doctor is a Pediatrician – Newborn, Share99 Ha Long International Health Hub.


  • What to know about rubella (IgM and IgG) testing in pregnant women
  • Diagnosis and treatment of congenital rubella
  • Is rubella contagious and contagious?

For direct advice, please click hotline number or register online HERE. In addition, you can register for remote consultation HERE


  • Rubella disease: Causes, symptoms, complications and precautions
  • What is the incubation period for rubella?
  • Why is Rubella especially dangerous for pregnant women?

About: John Smith

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&r=gI am the author of Share99.net. I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


Leave a Comment