Causes of genital ulcerative inflammation

There are many causes of genital ulcerative inflammation, among which are mainly sexually transmitted infectious agents.

1. Genital ulcer syndrome

Genital ulcer syndrome can be encountered in both men and women. This is a condition where there are ulcerative inflammations of the female or male genitals, the anus caused by sexually transmitted infectious agents. In men it is easy to detect male genital ulcers, while in females it is often detected through symptoms of natural burning or burning pain when urinating.

Models of genital ulcer disease vary by different parts of the world in which genital herpes, syphilis and hypo-oranges are common diseases that cause ulcers.

2. Causes of genital ulcers

Common causes of genital ulcers:

  • Syphilis spiral causes syphilis.
  • Hypo-orange bacterium causes hypo-orange disease: Hypo-orange is an urgent disease, sexually transmitted and has a short incubation period of 2-5 days. The characteristic manifestation of the disease is a painful ulcer where bacteria penetrate – usually external genitals and cause purulent inguinal lymphadenitis.
  • Herpes virus (Herpes Simplex Virus-HSV) has 2 types of HSV-1 and HSV-2, but genital herpes is mainly caused by HSV-2.


Photos of Herpes Simplex Virus that causes genital herpes

3. Clinical symptoms

Common symptoms in diseases that cause genital ulcers such as:

  • There are one or more ulcers in the genital area – anus, lips, tongue, throat … may be painful or painless.
  • Lymphadenopathy, inguinal lymph nodes on one side or sides are mobile or not, painful or painless, festering and then rupture causing ulcers or not.
  • Full condition: Normal or with mild fever, fatigue.

With each pathology, ulcer characteristics also have different characteristics:

  • Syphilis ulcer (or period I syphilis): Is a shallow, circular or oval stain, clear boundaries, no banks, flat bottom, hard infiltration, no itching, no pain, no treatment will also heal itself after 6-8 weeks, there is usually a stain. Accompanied by neighboring lymphadenitis, usually one-party inguinal lymph nodes, mobile, painless, non-festering.
  • Hypo-orange ulcers: Often many self-contagious ulcers (kissing ulcers). Ulcers have a jagged bottom, a lot of pus, lava banks, very painful, large inguinal lymph nodes on one side. After a few weeks the lymph node ruptures the pus, forming an anesthulitis or probe hole.
  • Herpes ulcers: Usually start with small blisters such as sheet seeds, chickpeas, cluster in bunches like bunches of grapes, then break down to form shallow, soft, banks with many bows accompanied by burning or itching sensations, self-healing, but very often recurrent. May swell the lymph nodes on one side or sides of the inguinal, painful, non-purulent.


Small blisters, clustered like bunches of grapes are characteristic of early herpes ulcers

4. How to treat genital ulcers?

For genital ulcerative inflammation, if treated properly, the ulcer will heal and leave no complications, without affecting the possibility of having children later.

Without treatment, the ulcer can heal itself or multiple infections with other bacteria, rarely leaving complications, syphilis alone will turn to the latent period or syphilis 3.

For diseases with causes, there will be specific treatment drugs, in addition to supportive treatment such as analgesic, anti-inflammatory, local applied drugs …

5. Tips for patients during and after treatment of genital ulcers

  • Patients should fully follow the treatment regimen, especially for syphilis and hypo-oranges to prevent complications of the disease and cut off the source of transmission.
  • It is recommended to check again according to the doctor's appointment.
  • Genital ulcers make hiv transmission easier and other sexually transmitted infections. Hypo-oranges, genital herpes and syphilis are common in places with high HIV circulation rates, and the prevention of these diseases is a very important component of HIV prevention.
  • HIV infection can alter the clinical form of genital ulcers making it harder to diagnose the disease. Therefore, it is necessary to emphasize the need for early treatment, especially in people living with HIV.
  • In addition to the risk of HIV infection, genital herpes is also at high risk of infection for the fetus, especially during labor.
  • Currently there is no specific treatment for genital herpes, the patient must carry the disease for life and very often relapse. People with genital herpes easily infect their sexual orientation, so infection precautions are essential.
  • Syphilis can be transmitted from mother to pregnancy through vegetable cakes causing: Miscarriage, still still death, congenital syphilis …
  • Sex is safe and condoms are used properly and regularly. Attention should be paid to genital herpes sores, condoms do not have a protective effect if they do not cover all ulcers.
  • When diagnosed with genital ulcerative inflammation, it is necessary to inform the spouse or sexual relationship and the treatment should be applied to both the spouse.

For direct advice, please click hotline number or register online HERE. In addition, you can register for remote consultation HERE


  • Herpes virus disease (HSV)
  • Genital herpes during pregnancy: What to know
  • What to do after being diagnosed with genital herpes?

About: Minh Quynh

b1ffdb54307529964874ff53a5c5de33?s=90&d=identicon&r=gI am the author of I had been working in Vinmec International General Hospital for over 10 years. I dedicate my passion on every post in this site.


Leave a Comment