The article was consulted professionally by Master, Dr. Tran Lam Khoa – Obstetrics and Gynecology Department – Share99 Central Park International Health Hub.
HSG imaging is one of the most used imaging methods in detecting problems in the proboscis uterus. On this basis, many gynecologic diseases in women detect in a timely manner.
1. What is HSG shooting?
HSG (Hysterosalpingography) or full name is a photo-ovulitis uterus. This is an imaging technique that uses X-rays for the purpose of checking the condition inside the proboscis and the uterus.
HSG imaging techniques are used to examine and diagnose proboscis obstruction (which may be part or all). In addition, the results after the scan also support the detection of abnormalities related to the size and shape of the uterus. All these factors have the potential to interfere with reproduction in women such as rarity/infertility.
2. When is it necessary to take an HSG (ovarian imaging of the proboscis with photo-fluorescent) ?
Obstetrician doctors will ask to perform an HSG scan when you have difficulty conceiving or always experiencing problems during pregnancy (e.g., repeated miscarriages). At that time, an imaging of the ovarian of the proboscis with photocture will be carried out to diagnose the cause of infertility.
Some of the main causes detected by this technique include:
- Due to abnormalities in the structure of the uterus (which can be congenital or heredity).
- Obstruction of the ovary ducts.
- Scar tissue exists in the uterus.
- Uterine fibroids.
- Uterine tumors or uterine polyps.
In addition, this diagnostic technique can be carried out several months after the vasectate surgery to ensure whether the surgery is successful or not.
3. Steps to prepare before taking an HSG
Performing a ovarian scan of the proboscis with photothrity may cause pain in some patients.
- Therefore, doctors will prescribe some over-the-counter painkillers and patients need to take them about 1 hour before the scan.
- Besides, if the patient is too worried, doctors will also prescribe a sedative to help them relax more.
- To prevent infection, antibiotics will also be prescribed before or after an HSG scan.
- In addition, it should also be noted that this technique uses X-rays with contrast dyes – a substance that highlights the muscles or tissues from the staining of surrounding substances. This drug will dissolve and release itself from the body through the urine. However, if you are allergic to Barium or dyes, it is necessary to report it to your doctor in advance.
- Finally, the metal may interfere with the shooting results. So, remove all jewelry from the body before performing this procedure. However, the issue of protecting property in crowded places such as hospitals is quite complicated, so the best advice is to leave these jewelry at home.
4. When is the right time to shoot HSG?
HSG scans are usually performed after a few days to 1 week after the end of menstruation. This ensures that the patient is not pregnant as well as minimizes the risk of infection during the procedure.
Some of the following subjects are not specified for HSG shooting:
- He's inflamed in the pelvis.
- There is a severe hemorrhage of the uterus.
5. How does hsg (ovarian imaging of the proboscis with photo-fluorescent) take place?
- Step 1: First, the patient will be asked to lie on his back and feet in the same position as the gynecologic examination. Next, the doctor will insert the instrument (like a duck beak) into the vagina to separate the area, making it easier to observe the cervical. Along with that, the cervical will be cleaned.
- Step 2: Inject local anesthetics in the cervical.
- Step 3: Doctors will insert the dye with one of two methods: use a cathethe tube into the cervical or use a plastic tube with the end of the tube inflated.
- Step 4: Remove the platypus from the vagina and insert the dye through the cathethe. This fluid will flow into the uterus and ovulation ducts. This process can cause pain and cramps.
- Step 5: Start X-rays with specialized machine equipment.
- Step 6: During the scan, the patient may be asked to change position for a variety of angles.
- Step 7: When the scan is complete, the doctor will remove the cathe tube from the vagina.
- Step 8: Patients will be prescribed appropriate medications to relieve pain and anti-inflammatory, anti-inflammatory after the end of this procedure.
6. Some risks of performing HSG scans
This ovarian imaging technique can cause a number of side effects such as:
- Spasms and vaginal bleeding.
- Dizzy, stunned.
- Unpleasant lower abdomen…
- However, a small number of cases are likely to cause:
- Allergic reactions to dyes.
- Infection of the proboscis/lining of the uterus if treated not well.
- Uterus injuries (e.g., punctures)…
Therefore, it is necessary to look to reputable hospitals for implementation if you want accurate and safe shooting results.
Currently, Share99 International Health Hub is one of the reliable destinations for any subject. Coming to the hospital, you will be examined and consulted and diagnosed with a team of leading doctors with high expertise, good skills and a leading system of advanced technology equipment.
For HSG imaging techniques, you can rest assured that the procedure will be carried out with full process and standard, ensuring safety, limiting the side effects after the procedure.
Master, Dr. Tran Lam Khoa is trained and has worked specializing in fetal medicine and pre-reproduction diagnosis at Necker Health Hub – Pre-maternity Diagnostic Center – The largest fetal intervention and treatment center in France. It is also home to difficult and complex diseases with the world's leading professors of fetal medicine and fetal intervention. Currently, Dr. Khoa is working at Share99 Central Park International Health Hub, the doctor will directly diagnose, treat and intervene the fetus to bring healthy babies and bring happiness to parents in the future.
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